What happened in China's war of resistance before the "77 incident" - Beijing time

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What happened in China's war of resistance before the "77 incident" - Beijing time

2017-01-10 23:47:40 362 ℃

The night of 18 September 1931, Chinese entrenched in the northeast of the Japanese Kwantung Army in accordance with the elaborate plot, destroyed by railroad "garrison" Shenyang wicker Lake near the Japanese construction of the South Manchurian Railway tracks, and planted in the Chinese army. The Japanese as an excuse to start "right and proper" work in just ways "shelling Shenyang City, making 918 incident shocked the world"". Pictured at dawn on September 19th, the Japanese occupation of Mukden (Shenyang).

In early June 1927, Japanese Prime Minister Tanaka Yoshihito chaired the "Eastern Conference", and formulated the "outline of China policy" (Tanaka Memorial) established the Manchuria split from the local China, a district, under the Japanese forces of aggression policy.

In October 1929, the economic crisis started by the United States swept through the whole capitalist world. Japan suffered a heavy blow in the crisis, economic losses, gold outflow, industrial decline, agricultural emergency. In order to get rid of the world economic crisis caused untold distress, transfer the domestic attention, the Japanese Imperial aggression onto the road, the Japanese militarist aggression policy to implement its established, so the occurrence of the "918" incident.

According to Zhang Xueliang's memories, 918 after the incident, Jiang Jieshi did not release the non resistance command, and Zhang Xueliang miscalculated the form that the Northeast Army beat the Japanese army, intends to seek the mediation of the League of nations. Later, the League of nations involved in the investigation, although the Japanese invasion is determined, but the Japanese did not listen, the United Nations in addition to condemnation, there is no way.

September 6, 1931 Zhang Xueliang no resistance message.

The Japanese military police wantonly manhunt Anti Japanese fighters.

Although Zhang Xueliang issued an order not to resist, but the Northeast Army did not completely give up resistance. For example, in Heilongjiang's Jiangqiao war - Shan, to Japanese to respond with a violent attack. Changchun South Camp generals did not completely give up resistance, also had to resist Japanese aggression.

Time to 1932, this local resistance upgrade.

Portrait of Yang Jingyu.

In January 1, 1933, the Japanese attack of Shanhaiguan, to the north of aggression accentuates ambitions. According to the Japanese aggressors arrogance, the CPC Central Committee clearly put forward the establishment of Anti Japanese national united front position in the northeast, decided to Anti Japanese guerrilla base, expand the formation of the Northeast People's revolutionary army, with all anti Japanese people fight together in Northeast china.

"918" incident of the "Memorial Day", the Northeast People's revolutionary army, the first army independent division was formally established, Yang Jingyu served as a teacher and political commissar, the division of a total of more than 380 people.

In August 1935, the Northeast Anti Japanese allied army Fourth Army in Fangzheng county establishment of local militia and held a memorial ceremony.

The Northeast Anti Japanese allied army Fourth Army command.

Yang Jingyu graduated from Henan provincial industrial school; Zhou Baozhong from the Yunnan military academy; Feng Zhongyun is a professor of Tsinghua University, Harbin merchant pride school; Zhao Shangzhi and Zhao man from the Whampoa  military academy, and out of the Whampoa  military academy named its cadres, there are 13.  

Yang Jingyu went to the south, South Manchuria reorganized the guerrillas, the establishment of the Northeast People's Revolutionary Army First Army independent division; Zhao Shangzhi went to the North Manchuria, created the Northeast People's Revolutionary Army Third Army; Zhou Baozhong went to the east of Jilin, Suining created Anti Japanese allies, after its reorganization into the Northeast Anti Japanese United Army fifth army.

The Northeast Anti Japanese Allied Army First Army Command soldiers photo second.

The autumn of 1939, dongbeikanglian 1 Army commissar Wei Zhengmin (left two) and the first army officers and men together.

Although the past 14 years, and within and outside due to long-term isolation, there is no provision, they only desperately fought the enemy, so that from the hands of the enemy in the spoils of medicine, bullets and clothing supplies; in extremely difficult conditions, at minus 40 degrees Celsius, no place to shelter in the chilly winter snow and because there is no food, very hungry even cotton and bark are used to eat many of its roots, thus starve the soldiers.

In the Soviet garrison headquarters founder and deputy commander Wu Changwen (right), former northeast Anti Japanese coalition fourth first division second regiment monitor.

Dressed in uniforms of the anti Soviet fighters.

The enemy troops under siege in 1940, according to the serious reduced resistance. In order to save power, its more than one after another into the Soviet Far East Forest of zhengxun. In August 1942, the Soviet Union hopes to contain the Northeast Anti Japanese Kwantung Army forces, and its cooperation, will teach the brigade as anti resistance forces in the Soviet army, the Soviet Far East army designation as the independent eighty-eighth infantry brigade. The resistance of the Soviet Red Army soldiers coordinated action, for the final defeat of the Japanese Kwantung Army, from eight to one hundred thousand army, twenty thousand army, army cadres exit, the liberation of the northeast, has made special contribution.

In October 5, 1943, a group of cadres took part in the North Camp after training. The first row: Badalin, Li Zhaolin, Wang Yizhi, Zhou Baozhong, Kim Il-Sung, Shi linski. Second row: Zhang Guangdi, Feng Zhongyun, Wang Xiaoming, Wang Minggui, and Peng Shilu. Third row: Yang Qinghai, Xu Zhe, Jiang Xintai, Jin Guangxia, and Sui Changqing. Fourth row: Anji, Pu Deshan, Cui Yongjin, Tao Yufeng, Jin Jingshi.

Stationed in Jiaohe, the original northeast Anti Japanese coalition personnel photo.

October 1945, the CPC Central Committee Secretary Peng Zhen and other leaders listened to a detailed report on the Anti Japanese guerrilla movement in Northeast China, such as Comrade Zhou Baozhong, comrade, and received a list of members of the northeast and the archives of the. At this point, the end of the historical mission of dongbeikanglian.

"The Chinese people's war of resistance against Japanese aggression," said Mao Zedong, a political report at the Seventh National Congress of the Communist Party of China in April 24, 1945, was developed on the winding road. The war began in 1931."

Kerensky, the Soviet prosecutor, said: "if we can point out a certain date as the beginning of this bloody period of the Second World War, September 18, 1931 is probably the most important." - Far East Military Tribunal

In fact, eight years of Anti Japanese War and the war of resistance against Japan in the past fourteen years, is the concept of the war of resistance against Japan from the local war of resistance to the national war of resistance in the process of the concept of the relationship between the two. 8 years of the war of resistance against Japan is from the 1937 "77 incident" and the beginning of the national war of resistance against japan. The 14 years of the war of resistance against Japan was the whole struggle against Japanese imperialist aggression, including the local Anti Japanese War, which began in 1931.

Two kinds of method have been used in different occasions, different angles and different language environment, has been established. In fact, there is no contradiction content. Of Anti Japanese National United Front Banner we fully affirmed in 1937 77 after the incident in China under the Communist Party advocated the establishment of a national war, also fully affirmed the Anti Japanese struggle, in 1931 918 after the incident, Chinese independent leadership of the Communist party especially the heroic struggle of the Northeast Anti Japanese forces and other forces to resist China.

Text / Beijing time studio Zhao Tongzhou


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