China has become the fastest growing country in the world in forest resources2018-10-25 20:25:42 228 ℃
Original title: China has become the fastest growing forest resource in the world
"According to the eighth national forest inventory, the forest area reached 208 million hectares and the forest accumulated 15.137 billion cubic meters. The rate of 21.66% has become the fastest growing forest resource in the world.” On October 22, at the news conference of the Fourth Forestry Department of the National Forestry and Prairie Bureau in 2018, Xiao Wenfa, vice president of the Chinese Academy of Forestry, said.
The Chinese government has always attached great importance to the development of forestry. Thanks to the full support of the government, the unremitting efforts of the national forestry workers and the innovative research and development of forestry science and technology workers, China's forestry construction has made great progress in the past 40 years of reform and opening up.
"China's plantation area is 69.33 million hectares, accounting for 36% of the country's forest area; artificial forests are 2.883 billion cubic meters, accounting for 17% of the country's forest reserves, and the number of plantations is the highest in the world. During the period from 2009 to 2013, the average annual harvest of plantation forests in China was 155 million cubic meters, and the amount of plantation forests accounted for 46% of forest harvested volume, an increase of 7% over the previous period. Forest harvesting continued to transfer to plantations, and the increase in wood supply. More than 85% of the forest comes from plantations." Xiao Wenfa said.
The construction of plantations in China began in the plantation of natural forest cuttings in the 1950s and 1970s. In the 1980s, in order to meet the rigid growth of timber demand for rapid economic development, China proposed artificial fast-growing. High-yield forest cultivation; in the 1990s, industrial forest cultivation was proposed.
In the 21st century, China's forestry has entered a historic major shift from wood production to ecological construction. The construction of plantations emphasizes the restoration of vegetation, degraded land and landscape reconstruction, and biodiversity. Sexual protection, as well as the important role of soil erosion control and water conservation to improve the ecological environment.
"After several generations of efforts, through the implementation of a series of projects such as the construction of fast-growing and high-yield timber forest bases in the south, the construction of 'three north' shelter forests, the construction of shelter forests in the Yangtze River basin, and the control of wind and sand sources in Beijing and Tianjin, China has accumulated Rich experience in plantation construction, proposed a characteristic and advanced plantation construction model, and created 1.12 million mu of the world's largest plantation - Saihanba, this 'sand change oasis, wasteland changed forest sea 'The miracle of humanity.' Xiao Wenfa said that plantation forestry has played an important role in providing wood and non-wood forest products, improving ecology and optimizing living environment, which has effectively promoted the construction of ecological civilization in China. The achievement of the goal has made a great contribution. (Ma Aiping)
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