Quantum entanglement has been experimentally confirmed to overturn 90% of human cognition.

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Quantum entanglement has been experimentally confirmed to overturn 90% of human cognition.

2019-01-31 10:26:16 322 ℃
< p > < strong > It was your habit that made you < / strong > < strong > < / strong > > < / P > < p > < img SRC = // 1ydzximg / 0LCyEK2Kxi /> < / P > < p > Shi Yigong, academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences, structural biologist and former professor of Tsinghua University. Born in Zhengzhou, Henan Province on May 5, 1967, he graduated from Tsinghua University in 1989 and received his doctorate from Johns Hopkins University in 1995. In September 2015, Shi Yigong, academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, was appointed Vice President of Tsinghua University. On April 16, 2018, Shi Yigong was elected the first president of West Lake University.

This article is Shi Yigong's speech entitled Limits of Life Science Cognition at the annual meeting of the Forum for the Future.


A biologist persistently questioned the mystery of life

Today, I would like to discuss with you the essence of life and the limits of life.

Let's see where people come from first. The whole process of human birth is as follows:

A sperm is constantly wandering on the surface of an egg, looking for an entrance, finding the right site, secreting some enzymes, and then drilling into it. The eggs are very clever, and usually do not give the second sperm another chance, so as soon as a sperm comes in, the entrance is sealed.

Sperm is degraded after entering, and then the sperm nucleus and the egg nucleus combine to form a diploid. The fertilized egg begins to develop and gradually divides into two cells, then divides into four cells, eight cells and 16 cells. At this time, the fertilized egg is still wandering outside the uterus and has not been implanted.

continued to divide, forming 64 cells and 128 cells, when it was about to find the place of implantation. After implantation, it continued to develop.

You may or may not know that within four weeks, the fetus begins to have a heartbeat. Slowly, nerve canals formed, spines formed, limbs began to develop, and through cell apoptosis, fingers began to form. Four or five months later, the fetus began kicking in the mother's stomach. Before birth, the fetus's brain develops very quickly, and various synapses form rapidly. Nevertheless, don't forget that such a vivid life comes from a fertilized egg.

After the beginning of life, the course of life is very long, and there are many distresses in it. I remember that I read a poem about oil painting that said:

0 years old shining on the stage, 10 years old thriving,

20 years old for hesitation, 30 years old desperately fighting,

40 years old basic orientation, 50 years old looking back,

60 years old to return home, 70 years old rubbing mahjong,

80 years old basking in the sun, 90 years old lying in bed,

100 years old hanging on the wall.

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< section > < section > < section > < p > < strong > How science copes with life challenges

< p > The course of our life is challenged, many of which come from diseases, three of which are closely related to human beings. Among them, cardiovascular disease is the most important killer. In China alone, 3.03 million people die of cardiovascular disease every year, accounting for 32%.

2. The second kind of disease is also terrible. It is cancer. People around us are often killed by cancer. In China, 2.65 million people die of cancer every year, accounting for 28%.

3. The mortality rate of the third kind of diseases is not high, but it is a great distress to people, seriously affecting the quality of life, that is, neurodegenerative diseases. Many world famous people have suffered from such diseases.

In addition, 34% of the people died of other causes, most of which were infectious diseases, a small part of which were traffic accidents and accidental injuries. What I want to tell you today is:

How do we use science to meet the challenges of life?

In ancient times, we groped in the dark, for example, in order to find a cure for malaria, Tu Youyi saw the inspiration of classical pharmacy, which led to the discovery of artemisinin. Later, Fleming discovered penicillin, which has been explored with scientific methodology. Since 1985, the discovery of LDL receptors by Goldstein and Brown has opened the way to truly conquer cardiovascular diseases.

Human beings have always used science to cope with challenges, from simple exploration and accumulation of experience to the discovery of drugs through basic research.


Cognitive life is limited

Don't say we don't know the cause of Alzheimer's disease, we know very little about such a mysterious organ as the brain, we can basically say we don't know anything. Although we have a good model of learning and memory, we can simulate the process of learning and memory, but is it true? We really don't know.

I even think that the nerve impulse potential recorded by our electrical signals is only a representation, not necessarily the essence of learning and memory. Why? Because we are such a living person, a bunch of atoms, who understand life.

We are using our five senses to understand the world: sight, smell, hearing, taste and touch. This process is not objective, certainly not objective. After our five senses feel the world, we concentrate all the information on the brain, but we don't know how the brain works, so we can't call it objective in this respect.

What are we? Think about it carefully. How do people deal with information? Let's first define information as matter.

We have three levels of substances:

1 The first substance is macroscopic, which is what we can perceive intuitively, such as human being is a substance, house is also a substance, Tiananmen, the Forbidden City are all substances. The second level of

2 is microscopic, including things that can not be seen by the eyes, also called microscopic. We can perceive, measure and intuitively think that it exists, such as atoms, molecules and proteins, such as planets 10 billion light years away. The third level of

3 is the ultramicroscopic substance. For this class, we can only speculate theoretically and verify experimentally, but we never know what it is, including quantum, including photons. Although we know that particles can spin, level and energy, it's really hard for us to intuitively understand that this is the ultramicro world. However, we still need to think that the micro world determines the micro world and the micro world determines the macro world. What are we? Man is an individual in the macro world, so our essence must be determined by the micro world, and then by the micro world. I have no doubt that I am a Schrodinger equation, a life form and an energy form, but I don't know how to solve this equation and how thinking comes into being, that's all. I believe, you should also believe, that each of us is not just a bunch of atoms, but a bunch of particles.

So we are really a bunch of atoms made up of particles, so simple. How many atoms do we have? There are about 6 x 10 ^ 27 atoms, forming about 60 different elements, but there are really more elements, but there are only 11.

atoms form molecules through covalent bonds, molecules gather together to form molecular aggregates, then form small organelles, cells, tissues and organs, and finally form a whole. But you would think that no matter how you do your research, you can't explain human consciousness, which goes beyond what we can say and perceive. I think that to explain consciousness, we must go beyond the first two levels to the level of quantum mechanics. I think so myself. < p > < strong > 04 < / strong > < / P > < section > < section > < section > < section > < p > < strong > Can quantum entanglement evolve? < / strong > < / P > < / section > < / section > < p > So I want to talk about quantum entanglement in class. In 1935, when Einstein, together with Podolsky and Rosen, wrote the famous EPR paradox, he proposed quantum entanglement. In fact, the word "quantum entanglement" was not put forward by Einstein, but by Schrodinger, which seemed incredible at that time. Quantum entanglement means that no matter how far apart the two entangled quantum are, they are not independent events. When you measure a quantum, it's incredible that another quantum far apart can be known about its state and can be measured by correlation. But since such a simple phenomenon exists in the objective world, I believe it will be everywhere, including in our human body. Is that true? Of course. How does quantum entanglement affect our lives? We don't know why.

because this is not something we can feel intuitively. Many scientists have searched for a long time and found that microtubules in nerve cells can form quantum entanglement, but the time scale of microtubules is from 10 ^(-20) seconds to 10 ^(-13) seconds, which is much shorter than the time of memory and consciousness formation. But he found it by simulation through theoretical practice, and he is experimenting with it.

For example, when phosphorus and calcium are put together, i.e. calcium phosphate, when calcium phosphate exists in the form of Posner molecule or cluster, its quantum entanglement time can be up to 105 seconds!

can increase the duration of such an extremely fragile quantum entanglement phenomenon, which is extremely sensitive to sound, light, electricity and heat. If the quantum entanglement is 15 orders of magnitude higher, it can reach the annual level by 5 orders of magnitude, and the quantum entanglement can be preserved in terms of years.

So you don't think that one day we humans will find that quantum entanglement is also an evolutionary phenomenon that can be preserved for one hundred, one thousand, ten thousand years. In other words, quantum entanglement existed in ancient times and was preserved in the course of evolution.

I want to ask you four questions:

First question, do you believe in the sixth sense? Many people will say they don't believe it. The second question, is it possible for two people to communicate in an unknown way? You would say, maybe, not as sure as the first question. The third question is whether quantum entanglement exists in the human cognitive world? In the brain? I believe that after listening to my lecture, you will find it very possible. The fourth question, is quantum entanglement applicable to matter on Earth? You must say it will work, because we have proved it.

But in fact, these four problems are exactly the same. Putting them back, we can see that there must be a sixth sense organ, but we can't feel it, so they are called "the sixth sense organ".

So what are we? We are just passing by one cell, that is, fertilized eggs. All fertilized eggs came from the same cell, the same mass, a complex quantum entanglement 3.5 billion years ago.