Nearly 50 three line cities are planning to build subways, Shandong, Henan and Guangdong2017-09-06 09:48:35 314 ℃
Original title: nearly 50 three line cities to be built subway, Shandong, Henan, Guangdong most
With the expansion of the city scale, especially the central big city, more and more cities are being built.
According to statistics from the first financial journalist, there are 43 cities in China that have been allowed to build subways. Among them, the vast majority of a second tier cities have been allowed to build the subway, with the development of economy and urbanization, subway construction gradually spread to the three tier cities. For example, since 2016, 4 cities have joined the metro construction force: Wuhu, Shaoxing, Luoyang and Baotou, all of which are three cities.
In the future, more three - tier cities will join the metro construction force.
Plans show about 50 city plans to launch the subway project
Fujian Province, the total economy of Quanzhou City, the first day before, announced the "Quanzhou city urban rail transit construction planning (2018 - 2023) environmental impact report for the first time the public", the two lines were 72.46 kilometers, and all underground laying mode.
In a large economy in Guangdong Province, in April this year issued the "Guangdong Province comprehensive transportation system development" 13th Five-Year "plan" shows that the prefecture level city of Zhongshan in 13th Five-Year during the construction of a metro line one, line two phase, the construction length of about 44 km. This also means that Zhongshan will become the fifth city in Guangdong attached to the subway. In addition, Guangdong will also support Zhuhai, Shantou, Jiangmen, Huizhou, Zhanjiang and other qualified cities, the orderly development of appropriate urban rail transportation.
According to the published earlier this year in Hebei province "the development of rail transportation" 13th Five-Year "plan", Handan, Qinhuangdao, accelerate Tangshan, Baoding, Zhangjiakou city rail transit construction planning work in Hebei Province, timely approval and start construction project.
In Guangxi, the future of Liuzhou and Guilin will begin to develop urban rail transit. Especially in Liuzhou, as the largest industrial base in Guangxi, the distribution of Wuling Automobile, Liangmianzhen, Accuphase, Liugong and other famous enterprises, in 2015 the city's population reached 1 million 630 thousand. According to the plan, 13th Five-Year, Guangxi will strive to implement the Liuzhou city rail transit planning and construction of the first round.
In January this year, Hubei Yichang rail transit construction plan completed in the province pre assessment, after further revision and improvement, will be submitted to the state for approval. It is understood that the preliminary planning of Yichang to declare the State Rail Transit Construction Plan (2017-2023) for the 1 line, phase I, line 2, phase I, line 3, a total of 72 km. Plans to obtain state approval in 2017, and to start construction of one of the conditions.
According to incomplete statistics of the first financial, there are about three cities in the future planning to build the subway (including light rail), 50 of which are Shandong, Henan, Guangdong, Anhui and Hebei.
Among them, such as Shandong, Henan, Hebei and other places, the population size, urbanization rate is still relatively low, the number of cities allowed to build the subway is still relatively small. In the future in the process of accelerated urbanization, there will be a large number of population into the city, coupled with the popularity of the car, the ground traffic increasingly congested, thus also produced on city rail traffic demand in many cities.
Taking Shandong as an example, according to the last year of the "city of Shandong province road traffic infrastructure" 13th Five-Year "development planning", in addition to Qingdao, has been allowed to build the subway in Ji'nan city in two, "13th Five-Year" period Zibo will start the construction of rail construction, line 1, line 2; Yantai city built city track skeleton line covering the city center the main passenger node at the end of 13th Five-Year, the line network has reached more than 70 kilometers.
Weifang city will be built in the first stage of line 1 and line 2 City, "13th Five-Year" at the end of the line network has reached more than 45 kilometers; Jining city built general line line 1, line 1 express, express line 3; Linyi city started the planning and construction of city rail transit network, to ensure the long-term built city rail network skeleton.
In Anhui, in addition to the Hefei and Wuhu which have been approved to build, the province will also start the construction of major rail lines in Huainan, Ma'anshan, Bengbu and Anqing. In Henan, in addition to Zhengzhou and Luoyang, Henan will encourage large cities with more than 1 million people to develop mass transit systems, such as rail transport and BRT. That is to say, there will be many cities in Henan in the future that are expected to build subways.
Guizhou Provincial Academy of Social Sciences researcher Hu Xiaodeng said, in the case of accelerated urbanization, hundreds of millions of farmers into the city, the central city, the traditional ground transportation model has been unable to meet the supply needs. In the case of steady growth still needs investment, the urban rail transit is the most suitable area of supply and demand.
In contrast, the southeast coast of Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces as a result of economic development, urbanization rate is higher, has been allowed to build the subway more cities, therefore, the future of new, attached to the MTR, the city is relatively small. For example, Jiangsu has 6 cities have been allowed to build the subway, the only possibility of building a subway in Yangzhou in the future.
Metro construction will match the actual needs of the city
With the development of a large metropolitan area, the subway construction in these big cities also expanded to the surrounding cities. For example, Hebei Province comprehensive transportation system development plan "," 13th Five-Year "13th Five-Year" period, Hebei will promote the county (city) and ring the capital city of Beijing city rail link project, to build the Pinggu line (by Sanhe). To study and promote the linking projects between Yizhuang, Langfang, Daxing - Guan, Fangshan - Zhuozhou and other surrounding cities and counties and Beijing city rail transit.
At the same time, the Shenzhen Metro is also planning to further extend to Huizhou, Xi'an subway plan extended to Xianyang, Xiamen subway will extend to Zhangzhou, Wuhan subway intends to extend to Ezhou.
However, experts also reminded that, in a second tier cities, the future of ordinary three - line cities to build the subway or should be more cautious?. Because a lot of the three or four line of the city, because of its attractive radiation around a finite population, instead of increased, but in a second tier city mobile, so don't be too optimistic about the future of the city's population growth.
In the case of Henan, released in June this year, "Henan city development report (2017)" pointed out that the current situation of Henan's rural population, mostly flow directly to the big city such as Zhengzhou, plus the three or four line of the city population is also transferred to Zhengzhou, resulting in Zhengzhou population, three or four line city population loss.
Among them, Zhengzhou is the only province 2011-2015 net inflow of population in 37% provinces and the floating population into the Henan population 60% are flowing into Zhengzhou, "12th Five-Year" during the Zhengzhou net inflow of population of 1 million 850 thousand, only 10 thousand less than Shenzhen, ranked seventh in the national large and medium-sized city. At the same time, the central city of the provincial city can not effectively attract the agricultural population in the city, and the trend of the original population transfer to Zhengzhou can not be reversed.
On the other hand, with the rise of various costs such as demolition, the cost of rail transportation is also rising. According to the data in the three phase of the plan, the third phase of Guangzhou urban rail transit cost reached 850 million yuan, and the cost of the third phase of Changsha urban rail transit reached 690 million yuan per kilometer. Therefore, for the three or four line cities, whether to launch urban rail transportation, and choose what kind of rapid transport mode, still needs to be local conditions, careful choice.
List of cities to be built for Urban Rail Transit
Zhongshan, Zhuhai, Jiangmen, Shantou, Huizhou, Zhanjiang, Liuzhou, Guilin, Quanzhou, Zhangzhou, Huzhou, Jiaxing, Yangzhou, Zibo, Yantai, Weifang, Jining, Linyi, Handan, Qinhuangdao, Tangshan, Baoding, Zhangjiakou, Langfang, Daqing, Datong, Nanyang, Xinxiang, Jiaozuo, Huainan City, Ma'anshan Bengbu, Anqing, Ganzhou, Jiujiang, Shangrao, Yichang, Xiangyang, Jingzhou, Huangshi, Changde, Zhuzhou, Xiangtan, Mianyang, Luzhou, Yibin, Xining, Baoji, Xianyang.
(source: first financial based around the "13th Five-Year" traffic planning and public information to incomplete statistics)
Editor: Dragon kernelCollection reportPublish
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