Top 500 manufacturing enterprises: the number of northeast enterprises continues to decrease and the tax burden is the biggest

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Top 500 manufacturing enterprises: the number of northeast enterprises continues to decrease and the tax burden is the biggest

2017-09-16 10:17:38 502 ℃

2017 industry distribution of China's manufacturing enterprises' top 500 operating revenue

2017 industry distribution of China's top 500 manufacturing enterprises' net profit

2017 industry distribution of the total tax burden of the top 500 Chinese manufacturing enterprises

2017, China's manufacturing enterprises in the top 500 mergers and Acquisitions Industry Distribution

- 2017 perspective of the top 500 enterprises of China's manufacturing enterprises (three)

500 strong industry distribution and characteristics of 2017 Chinese manufacturing enterprises: motor vehicles and parts manufacturing in revenue and profit contribution of the most prominent, petrochemical and coking tax in the first place; cement and glass manufacturing industry mergers and acquisitions activity, communication equipment manufacturing industry R & D investment most actively; household appliances industry patent ranking leader, in weapons manufacturing standards the field of lead in the top; liquor revenue margins and per capita profit, net profit rate of optimal household appliances.

2017 China top 500 manufacturing enterprises and the regional distribution characteristics of the eastern region: the number of enterprises accounted for the vast majority of finalists, the number of enterprises in the northeast region continued to decline; the per capita profit index leading enterprises in the eastern regions, the Northeast's largest tax pressure; mergers and acquisitions and innovation of enterprises in the eastern regions are more active, have respective advantages to develop standards; the central region of the enterprise assets the best quality.

- Liu Xingguo

Li

1., auto and parts manufacturing in the most prominent contribution to revenue and profits, petrochemical and coking tax in the first place

The industry's heavy chemical characteristics are still outstanding, and some positive highlights have appeared in the contribution of the profits. The auto and parts manufacturing industry is the biggest contributor to revenue and profit. 2017, China's top 500 manufacturing enterprises, the top five industries, is still a typical heavy chemical industry. Among them, 31 motor vehicles and parts manufacturing enterprises achieved a total revenue of 3 trillion and 750 billion yuan, accounting for 500 of total manufacturing strong operating income of 13.27%; second for ferrous metallurgy industry, ferrous metallurgy enterprises accounted for 72 of total operating income of 13.10%; the top five industries accounted for 500 manufacturing revenue 49.16%, ten all manufacturing industries accounted for 500 of operating income 66.83%.

Profit contribution presents some of the highlights of the advanced manufacturing, power, electrical equipment manufacturing and communications equipment manufacturing into the industry's first five profit margins. 31 motor vehicles and parts manufacturing enterprises to achieve a net profit of 188 billion 130 million yuan, accounting for all the manufacturing industry 500 total net profit of 19.34%; net profit ranked second industries and 27 petrochemical petrochemical coking and coking enterprises with total 500 manufacturing companies net profit of 9.93%; the top five industries accounted for all manufacturing industry net profit of 500 to 47.55%, the top ten industries accounted for 500 manufacturing net profit 65.10%.

The role of petrochemical and coking in the contribution of tax payment is outstanding. 2017 Chinese top 500 manufacturing enterprises, 27 petrochemical and coking enterprises total tax 378 billion 440 million yuan, accounting for all the manufacturing industry 500 of total tax 25.87%, petrochemical and coking enterprises of all manufacturing industry 500 tax contribution to more than 1\/4; comprehensive tax and petrochemical coking industry negative was 13.59%, after the 18.48% liquor. Is far higher than other industries. Before tax contribution, the five major industries contributed 64.66% of the total tax burden of the top 500 manufacturing industries, and the top ten industries contributed 78.06% of the total tax burden of the top 500 manufacturing industries.

2., cement and glass manufacturing industry mergers and acquisitions active, telecommunications equipment manufacturing industry R & D investment is most active

Cement and glass manufacturing industry mergers and acquisitions activities are very active. 2017 Chinese top 500 manufacturing enterprises were 878 mergers and acquisitions, including 12 cement and glass manufacturing industry mergers and acquisitions occurred 491 times, accounting for all manufacturing 500 mergers and acquisitions of 55.92% of the total industry mergers and acquisitions activity is much higher than other industries; petrochemical and coking industry mergers and acquisitions occurred 85 times, accounted for 9.68%; the top five industry mergers and acquisitions total manufacturing 500 mergers and acquisitions of 77.22% of the total, the top ten industry mergers and acquisitions total manufacturing 500 mergers and acquisitions of 87.02% of the total.

Communications equipment manufacturing industry attaches most importance to R & D investment. 2017 China top 500 manufacturing enterprises in the 9 communication equipment manufacturing enterprises completed a total investment 95 billion 412 million yuan, enterprises R & D investment of 10 billion 601 million yuan, is 9.66 times all the top 500 enterprises in manufacturing industry average R & D investment; and communication equipment manufacturing industry R & D investment accounted for 500 manufacturing R & D investment in the first 17.22%.; motor vehicles and parts manufacturing industry R & D investment accounted for 500 manufacturing 14.73%, ranks second. The top five industry research and development investment accounted for 52.85% of all manufacturing, 500 of R & D investment, and the top ten industries accounted for 500 of the total manufacturing investment and 73.74% of R & D investment. From the strength of R & D, the average R & D investment intensity of communications and equipment manufacturing industry is 11.87%, much higher than the second of the aerospace industry ranked 5.83%, far higher than 2.07% of the manufacturing 500.

3. household appliances industry patent ranking leader, leading in the weapons manufacturing setting standard

Household electrical appliance manufacturing industry has the number of patents and invention patents ranked first in the industry. 2017 Chinese top 500 manufacturing enterprises in 15 home appliances manufacturing enterprises, has a total of 104293 patents, including 26995 invention patents, accounted for manufacturing 500 patents and 18.59% invention patents, 15.01% invention patents, ranking and ranking in the industry in an article in the patent industry. A total of 500 manufacturing patent patent number 15.05% of the number of vehicles and spare parts manufacturing industry, in the patent industry ranked second; petrochemical coking and number of invention patents accounted for all manufacturing 500 invention patents 10.68%, ranking second in the industry of invention patent. The number of patents in the top five industry total manufacturing 500 patent 54.02%, patent number of the top ten industry total manufacturing 500 patent invention patents 74.94%; the top five industry total manufacturing 500 invention patent 51.07%, patent number of the top ten industries accounted for all manufacturing industry 500 invention patent 73.84%.

Weapons manufacturing ranks first in the formulation of general standards and domestic standards. Rail transportation equipment and parts manufacturing are actively involved in international standards setting. 2017 of the top 500 manufacturing enterprises in China, there are 2 weapons manufacturing enterprises, which participated in 2029 standards, all of which are domestic standards, accounting for 500 of the total manufacturing standards, 8.77% of the total domestic standards and 9.15% of the national standards. Followed by the shipbuilding industry, a total of 4 enterprises, participated in 1974 standards, including domestic standards for 1956 items, accounting for 500 of the manufacturing industry, the total number of standards, domestic standards set by 8.54% and 8.82%. The number of standard setting, the top five industry participation standards accounted for 41.62% of all manufacturing 500, the number of standard setting, the top ten industry participation standards accounted for 67.87% of all manufacturing 500. Participation in the domestic standard setting, the top five industry participation standards, accounting for 42.08% of all manufacturing 500, the number of standard setting, the top ten industry participation standards, accounting for 68.05% of all manufacturing 500.

Participate in the formulation in the international standard, rail transportation equipment and spare parts manufacturing industry is the most prominent industry, although only 1 companies, making it did participate in the 98 international standards, making number accounted for 500 manufacturing in international standard 17.69%. Followed by the household electrical appliance industry, to participate in the formulation of international standards, accounting for 15.34% of all manufacturing 500. The top five industries have participated in 53.61% international standards setting, and the top ten industries have participated in 77.08% international standards.

4., liquor in revenue, profit margins and per capita profits in the lead, home appliances, net profit margins best

The highest profit rate of liquor sales, the best profit margins of household electrical appliances. 2017 of the 39 sectors of China's top 500 manufacturing enterprises, in addition to the overall loss of machine tool manufacturing industry, the other 38 industries have achieved varying degrees of positive profits. The liquor industry 24 revenue profit rate is higher than the manufacturing industry 500 overall average revenue profit rate is 3.44%, alcohol, beverages, medical equipment manufacturing, household appliances manufacturing and other building materials manufacturing industry in the top five in revenue margin. Beverage industry and other 24 sectors of the assets profit margins higher than the manufacturing 500, the overall average asset profit margin of 3.11%, beverages, medical equipment manufacturing, household appliances manufacturing, liquor, agricultural and sideline products ranked five in asset profit margins. Household electrical appliance manufacturing industry 23 net assets profit rate is higher than the manufacturing industry 500 average net assets profit margin of 8.51%, household appliances manufacturing, beverage, communication equipment manufacturing, material handling equipment manufacturing, medical equipment manufacturing in the net assets profit margin before five.

Liquor in the per capita net profit obvious leader, weapons manufacturing industry enterprises are net profit accounted for obvious advantages. 2017, the per capita profit of China's top 500 manufacturing enterprises is 74 thousand and 900 yuan, and the per capita profit of 18 industries, such as liquor, is higher than that of the top 500 manufacturing industries. Liquor enterprises per capita profit of 202 thousand and 900 yuan, the highest per capita profits in the industry first, equivalent to 500 of the manufacturing industry 2.71 times the average profit per capita. Medical equipment manufacturing, beverages, automobiles and spare parts manufacturing, household appliances manufacturing separation from second to fifth, the per capita net profit was 172 thousand and 700 yuan, 145 thousand and 900 yuan, 135 thousand and 100 yuan and 135 thousand yuan. 2017, China's manufacturing enterprises 500 enterprises are net profit of 1 billion 946 million yuan, only weapons manufacturing and other 13 industries are higher than the net profit of the manufacturing sector, the top 500 enterprises are net profit. Weapons manufacturing industry enterprises average profit of 17 billion 166 million yuan, in the industry average profit margin of enterprises ahead of the list, ranking first, the average profit margin is equivalent to the manufacturing average of 500 times the average strength of 8.82 times. Rail transportation equipment and parts manufacturing, aerospace, automobile and spare parts manufacturing, household appliances manufacturing enterprises are separated, ranked second in net profit to fifth, prices are net profit was 13 billion 910 million yuan, 13 billion 177 million yuan, 6 billion 69 million yuan and 5 billion 489 million yuan.

Li

1., the number of finalists in the eastern region accounted for the vast majority, the number of enterprises in Northeast China continued to decrease

2017, the headquarters of the 500 manufacturing enterprises in China involved 30 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government. Only 500 enterprises in Tibet are not listed in China's 2017 manufacturing enterprises. The distribution of the 500 enterprises in all regions is the same as before, showing imbalance. Among them, the eastern region has 348 enterprises, accounting for 69.60%; the central region has 72 enterprises, accounting for 14.40%; western regions have 63 enterprises, accounting for 12.6%; Northeast China has 17 enterprises, accounting for 3.40%. Overall, the number of enterprises in the eastern and central regions has increased, the number of enterprises in the central region has not changed, and the number of enterprises in the Northeast has continued to decrease.

2017, China's manufacturing enterprises 500 finalists, the specific regional distribution is as follows.

Eastern Region: 10 provinces and cities in the eastern region, a total of 348 enterprises shortlisted, compared with the number of finalists last year, an increase of 2, Hainan again this year, enterprises shortlisted. Guangdong has become the largest province in the number of shortlisted enterprises this year, with a total of 9 shortlisted companies. Hebei has become the largest number of enterprises in the provinces, the number of shortlisted enterprises decreased by 7. Specifically: Zhejiang 89, Shandong 77 reduced 3;, increased 1; Jiangsu 47, increased 4; Guangdong 34, increased 9; Hebei 32, reduced 7; Beijing 32, reduced 2; Tianjin 18, increased 2; Shanghai 14, flat Fujian; 4, reduced 3; Hainan 1.

Central region: 6 provinces and municipalities in the central region, a total of 72 enterprises were shortlisted, an increase of 3 over the previous year. Among them, 16 in Anhui, an increase of 1; Hubei 15, a decrease of 2; Henan 13, an increase of 1; Hunan 13, an increase of 4; Jiangxi 12, a decrease of 1; Shanxi 3, unchanged from the previous year.

Western region: 11 provinces in the western region, a total of 63 enterprises, 2017 manufacturing enterprises in China 500, unchanged from the previous year. Among them, Sichuan 15, increased 1; Chongqing 14, increased 1; Guangxi 9, unchanged from the previous year; Yunnan 5, reduced 3; Shaanxi 4, unchanged from the previous year; Xinjiang 4, unchanged from the previous year; Gansu 4, increased 1; Qinghai 3, an increase of 1 Inner Mongolia; 2, unchanged from the previous year; Ningxia 2, unchanged from the previous year; Guizhou 1, reduced 1.

Northeast China: 3 provinces in Northeast China, 17 enterprises have entered the 2017 strong manufacturing enterprises in China, 500 in the previous year to reduce 3 basis, continued to reduce the number of listed companies once again reduced by 5. The performance of large enterprises in Northeast China reflects the plight of economic development in Northeast China to a great extent. Among them, 13 in Liaoning, a decrease of 4; Heilongjiang 2, a decrease of 1; Jilin 2, unchanged from the previous year.

2., the eastern region is leading per capita profit indicators, the greatest pressure on tax burden in the Northeast

In the eastern region, both average corporate profit and per capita net profit index are far ahead of other regions, but both the asset index and the income index have their advantages and disadvantages. 2017 Chinese top 500 manufacturing enterprises in the eastern region, enterprise prices are net profit of 2 billion 347 million yuan, the central and western regions and Northeast China enterprises net profit was 1 billion 115 million yuan, 772 million yuan, 1 billion 610 million yuan, the central and western regions and Northeast China prices are net profit is only equivalent to the eastern region enterprises the net profit of 47.54%, 32.89% and 68.60%. The eastern region enterprises per capita net profit of 83 thousand and 100 yuan, net profit of the western region and the northeast and central regions, per capita 61 thousand and 800 yuan respectively, 36 thousand and 900 yuan, 49 thousand and 200 yuan, net profit of the western region and the northeast and central regions, respectively, per capita net profit is only equivalent to the eastern region 74.31%, 44.40% and 59.17% per capita. From the average operating income of enterprises and the average assets of enterprises and the average net assets of enterprises, the enterprises in the eastern region are significantly higher than those in the central region and the western region, but lower than the average level of enterprises in Northeast china. From the per capita operating income indicators, the eastern region enterprises are also significantly higher than the level of other enterprises.

The tax burden of enterprises in Northeast China is obviously higher than that in other areas. 2017 of the top 500 enterprises in China's manufacturing industry, 17 enterprises in Northeast China have paid taxes of 104 billion 554 million yuan, accounting for 7.15% of the total tax burden of the top 500 manufacturing enterprises. The average tax payment for enterprises in Northeast China is 6 billion 150 million yuan, equivalent to 2.10 times the tax rate of the top 500 enterprises in the manufacturing sector. In the eastern region of enterprises as the basis, the central and western regions business enterprises are the amount of tax is only equivalent to the eastern enterprises of 48.96% and 50.32%, while the Northeast enterprises are the amount of tax is equivalent to the eastern region of the 187.85%. In the central and western regions, the per capita tax amount of enterprises is only equivalent to 76.53% and 67.94% of the enterprises in the eastern region, while the per capita tax amount of enterprises in Northeast China is equivalent to 162.02% of the enterprises in the eastern region.

3., mergers and acquisitions and innovation in the eastern region are more active, and each aspect of standard setting has its advantages and disadvantages

Enterprises in the eastern region have shown a more active trend in mergers and acquisitions, R & D investment and patents. 2017, China's manufacturing enterprises in the top 500, 348 enterprises in the eastern region completed a total of 772 mergers and acquisitions, accounting for 500 of all manufacturing, 87.93% of the total number of mergers and acquisitions. Compared with the eastern region, central region, western region and northeast region enterprise merger and reorganization of enterprises are respectively equivalent to only the eastern part of the 47.58%, 17.17% and 15.91%, the Northeast enterprise merger and reorganization is not the most active. In the R & D investment, 348 eastern enterprises invested R & D costs of 443 billion 105 million yuan, accounting for 80.76% of all manufacturing 500 R & D investment. Compared with the eastern region, central region, western region and northeast region enterprise R & D investment enterprises are respectively equivalent to only the eastern part of the 57.70%, 42.25% and 86.87%, the central and western regions and Northeast China Enterprise R & D investment per capita were only equivalent to the eastern part of the 88.27%, 55.83% and 73.32%, the weakest R & D enterprises in Western China area.

From the patent and invention patents, the eastern region enterprises patents and invention patents were 425379 and 147511, respectively, accounting for 78.65% and 84.78% of all manufacturing 500. Compared with the eastern region, central region, western region and northeast region business enterprises are patent is only equivalent to the eastern region are respectively 57.24%, 62.60% and 81.16%, the central and western regions, the Northeast enterprise patents per capita is only equivalent to the eastern region are respectively 87.56%, 82.72% and 68.51%. The central and western regions and Northeast China business enterprises are patents were only equivalent to the eastern part of the 40.77%, 35.11% and 64.65%, the central and western regions and Northeast China enterprises per capita patents were only equivalent to the eastern part of the 62.37%, 46.39% and 54.57%.

In terms of participation in the standard setting, enterprises in the eastern, central and western regions and Northeast China have their own advantages and disadvantages, and enterprises in the eastern region do not have absolute advantages. The eastern region 2017 enterprises Chinese top 500 manufacturing enterprises in total participated in 17345 standards, making 16644 of them participate in domestic standards, participate in the formulation of international standards 453, accounted for 500 manufacturing 75%, 75.06% and 81.33%. In the aspect of participation in enterprise standards, the enterprises in the eastern region are more than those in the central region and the western regions, but less than those in the northeast. In the aspect of participation in per capita standard setting, enterprises in the eastern region are higher than those in Northeast China, but lower than those in Central China and Western regions. Overall, although the enterprise in Northeast China Eastern region better than the enterprises in the R & D investment and innovation, but its long-term position based on the industry foundation, develop has accumulated a certain right to speak in the domestic industry standard.

4. central enterprises, the best asset quality

The asset quality of the enterprises in Central China is the best, and the efficiency of assets management is the highest. The average asset liability ratio of enterprises in Central China is 61.87%, which is lower than that of all 500 manufacturing enterprises. The average asset liability ratio is also lower than that of the eastern region, the western region and the Northeast region. By contrast, Western business assets and liabilities was 66.04%, the highest value for the four regional companies on average assets and liabilities, corporate deleveraging pressure obviously than eastern area, more than in central enterprises. From the perspective of asset turnover, the enterprises in the central region also have obvious advantages, and the average asset turnover ratio of enterprises in the central region is 1.04 times \/ year, which is obviously higher than the average asset turnover of enterprises in several other regions. The average asset turnover rate of enterprises in the western region is the lowest, only 0.74 times \/ year, which is only equivalent to 71.13% of the average assets turnover rate of enterprises in the central region.

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