Over 300 people died in Hongkong outbreak of influenza! The flu season you need a guideline for prevention and treatment

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Over 300 people died in Hongkong outbreak of influenza! The flu season you need a guideline for prevention and treatment

2017-08-07 11:12:52 671 ℃

Hongkong at a time when the summer flu season, so far, the number in the public hospital, laboratory confirmed influenza more than 14 thousand. The Hongkong Department of health 5 China News Agency reporters query in an interview said that from May 5, 2017 to August 3rd, the total number of severe cases of influenza related to 458 cases, a total of 315 people were killed.

The Hongkong summer epidemic influenza H3N2 led, Guangdong province and the neighboring Hongkong also entered the period of flu.

Department of Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhuhai and other control over city disease, recently also issued "alert", to remind people of the flu.

A number of media use "the death toll over SARS" in the title of the report of Hongkong flu. In the flu season, how can we know how to prevent the flu?

Influenza VS influenza

01

The first difference between the common cold and influenza, the common cold is not popular.

The common coldThe common cold: more acute onset, early symptoms of throat dry itching or burning sensation, sneezing, nasal congestion, runny nose, began to water like nose, 2 ~ 3 days after thickening; accompanied by sore throat; usually no fever and systemic symptoms, or only fever, headache. If there is no concurrent bacterial infection, generally 5 to 7 days duration can be cured.

InfluenzaInfluenza: the incubation period is usually 1 to 3 days, was very anxious, began to have a fever, body temperature can be as high as 39 to 40 DEG C, chills, malaise, dizziness, headache, aching limbs, sneezing and runny nose, fever lasting 3 to 5 days, systemic symptoms, such as cough call symptoms of respiratory tract increased gradually.

According to the clinical manifestations and severity of influenza, divided into simple type, pneumonia type, poisoning type, gastrointestinal type four disease, the light can be 2 to 3 days, or 1 ~ 2 weeks, also have a prolonged course in January. Common flu complications include pneumonia, viral myocarditis and neurological complications.

Clinical symptoms of influenza

02

A typical flu, most will be sudden, cap-a-pie may have the following symptoms:

Have a feverGeneral will burn 3 to 5 days, the temperature can be as high as 39 to 40 DEG C, may be afraid of the cold, headache, chills, cold hands and feet. The small child is not expressed, may only be irritability, crying.

Eye discomfortMany people will have gum or tears, eyes slightly hyperemia. When that happens, don't just think more conjunctivitis, don't simply put these exceptions as "angry".

The symptom of rhinitisNose: rubbing; sneezing; runny nose, if not much is easy to become "booger"; a child may be expressed by crying, snorting, mouth breathing or snoring.

A sore throat: dry throat, itching, pain; and children may be more afraid of crying or eating, especially solid foods.

cough: how is paroxysmal, not coughing. Every time the number of cough may not be many, but would be more frequent, but mostly dry cough.

Other discomfortSystemic muscle and joint aches and fatigue; child crying, easy sticky.

These symptoms may occur, but not necessarily all.The younger children, symptoms are often more atypical, also can appear convulsion.

These 4 groups should pay special attention to!

03

AgedInfluenza is an important cause of death in the elderly. Compared with other age groups, the elderly, the highest risk of death after influenza virus infection.

childrenThe higher risk of severe disease: children under the age of 5 after influenza virus infection, especially basic diseases of children once the infection risk of flu death was significantly higher than that of healthy children.

Pregnant womanDuring an epidemic of influenza infection and hospitalization, pregnant women due to influenza in ICU and the risk of death increased significantly, may also lead to fetal stillbirth, premature birth and low birth weight.

Patients with chronic diseasesChronic diseases: influenza virus infection in patients after compared with the same age healthy people are more prone to serious illness or even death.

In addition, the need to be reminded that very few young people infected with the flu virus may induce viral myocarditis. Serious can lead to heart failure, cardiogenic shock and sudden death.

The most terrible flu complications

04

The symptoms of the flu itself is not so terrible, most of the symptoms of influenza in 3 ~ 7 days will improve, cough and physical recovery often takes 1 to 2 weeks, the real urgency to control influenza, influenza is caused by complications.

When the flu complications will be very troublesome, such as laryngitis, acute otitis media, bronchitis, pneumonia, myocarditis and encephalitis.

Among them, the severe condition is dangerous, often occurs in pneumonia, and dyspnea etc.. This is the primary cause of death of influenza.

A large number of statistical results showed that children younger than 5 years of age, the younger the more prone to complications. But less than 2 years old baby, more prone to serious complications.

Guide for the prevention of influenza

05

1. influenza vaccination

This is the most effective means of prevention. Vaccination after 2 ~ 4 weeks after beginning to protect, 6 to 8 months after the protection gradually decreased, so the vaccine to be vaccinated each year in order to obtain effective protection.

Usually, more than 6 months of the baby can start influenza vaccination. 8 children under the age of first vaccination, with 2 doses (2 time interval should be over 4 weeks) the protective effect is better than the effect of the 1 dose vaccination.

2. taking anti flu drugs

Drug prevention cannot replace vaccination, not only as a vaccine or vaccine has not yet acquired immunity temporary preventive measures. Treatment is usually 1 to 2 weeks.

3. pay attention to the details of life

Wash your hands, use soap or liquid soap and washing with flowing water, without a towel to wipe your hands dirty. Hands after contact with respiratory secretions (e.g. after sneezing) wash your hands immediately.

When sneezing or coughing using handkerchief or tissue to cover your nose and mouth, avoid infection of others. Influenza families at home or when they go out wearing masks, so as not to infect others.

In the flu season, try not to crowded and polluted air spaces; forced to go, it is best to wear a mask.

A balanced diet, regular exercise, adequate rest, avoid excessive fatigue.

Pay attention to the ventilation window, keep indoor air fresh.

On the blackboard, highlight: Although the flu season, we do not panic, prevention, symptoms, do not carry, don't hesitate, should go to the hospital for timely treatment, can effectively control the flu.

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