What is the truth about Liu Beimou’s taking Jingzhou?

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What is the truth about Liu Beimou’s taking Jingzhou?

2018-09-17 20:25:28 213 ℃

Jingzhou in the Eastern Han Dynasty includes parts of Hubei and Hunan, and Henan, Guangdong, Guangxi, and Guizhou. According to the Post-Han Dynasty and the National Records of the Han Dynasty, Jingzhou was divided into seven counties, with the Yangtze River as the boundary, Nanyang. The county is in Jiangbei, Nanjun and Jiangxia County are in Jiangbei, and the rest of the two counties are in Jiangnan in Changsha County, Lingling County, Wuling County and Guiyang County.

In 200 AD, Liu Bei, who was unable to stand in the north, went to Jingzhou warlord Liu Biao and was placed in Xinye County of Nanyang County.

In 208 AD, Cao Cao led the army to the south, Liu Biao was shocked, and the second son Liu Yu surrendered. Liu Bei had to withdraw to Jiangling (now Jingzhou City, Hubei Province) in Nanjun County. In Changyang, he was chased by Cao Cao’s cavalry. Liu Beicang fled to the south and had retreated to Xiakou of Jiangxia County and Liu Qi’s eldest son Liu Qi. The army is about 20,000, which is all his family. In the subsequent Chibi war, Liu Bei of the end of the road and Sun Quan of Jiangdong united to defeat Cao Cao with less wins. Cao Cao lost all the way, Sun Liulian army chased after the chasing, from Jiang Xia straight to the South County.

At this time, the situation in the seven counties of Jingzhou is: Cao Cao still according to Nanyang County and Jiangxia, a small part, Liu Bei possesses In the Jiangnan part of Jiangxia and Nanjun, Sun Quan captured the rest of Jiangbei's Jiangbei, and started a tug-of-war with Cao Jun in the Jiangbei part of the South County. The four Jiangnan counties took a wait-and-see attitude. When the three countries have not yet appeared, the three parties first engaged in a small three countries in Jingzhou.

Liu Bei is the biggest beneficiary of the Chibi Wars and the biggest upstart after the war. After the war, Liu Bei actually had disengaged from Cao Jun. He used Sun Quan and Cao Cao to have a good time in the South County. He led the division to the south and attacked the four counties of Jiangnan. Finally, he had a foothold.

After a year of bloody battle, Sun Quan occupied the Jiangbei part of the South County, Cao Cao only led the South County of Fuyang (now Hubei) Xiangyang). At this time, in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, Cao Cao Sun Quan was fully confronted. After Cao Cao’s defeat in the Battle of Chibi, two strategic corps were left in the Jianghan Plain on the Western Front and Huainan on the Eastern Front. Among them, Huainan was the most outstanding general of Cao Ying. Under the command of Zhang Liao, Sun Quan’s repeated wars in Huainan were unfavorable, and things could not be taken into consideration. Shortening the front line was Sun Quan’s only choice. At this time, Liu Bei was unable to do anything because the site was too small. He hoped to get the Jiangbei part of the South County from Sun Quan.

At this time, Sun Quan’s adviser Lu Su put forward an idea: to give the South County possessed by Sun Quan to Liu Bei, and let Liu Bei deal with Cao Cao on the Western Front. This proposal was put into practice immediately. After Liu Bei entered Jiangling, the administrative center was set up here. This is a win-win situation: Sun Quan’s party was able to shrink its strength and defend the core area of ​​Jiangsu and Zhejiang. At the same time, it also gave Liu Bei a personal feeling. Although Liu Bei had to face Cao Cao’s old headache, he got the most of the southern county. In particular, Jiangling, the military fortress of the South County, can suppress the power of Sun Quan against the river. The north can threaten the Central Plains in the near future and attack the gateway to Yizhou (now Sichuan, Yunnan, and Guizhou). It is too cost-effective. It is. It is no wonder that Cao Cao heard the news and was surprised that the pen in his hand fell to the ground.

Since then, Liu Bei, the seven counties of Jingzhou, almost occupied the sixth and fifth, becoming the third force affecting China at that time. This is the truth about Liu Bei’s borrowing from Jingzhou.