Liu Bei lost up to 50,000 people in the battle of Yiling. Why did Shuhan fail?

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Liu Bei lost up to 50,000 people in the battle of Yiling. Why did Shuhan fail?

2019-01-22 17:30:44 611 ℃
< p > In Luo Guanzhong's Romance of the Three Kingdoms, the scale of the forces of the Three Kingdoms of Wei, Shu and Wu is often exaggerated. Among them, as far as the battle of Yiling is concerned, the Romance of the Three Kingdoms says that Liu Bei led 750,000 troops, while Dongwu dispatched more than 200,000 troops to resist Liu Bei. However, according to historical records such as The Chronicles of the Three Kingdoms, the forces of Shuhan and Dongwu were about 50,000 in the battle of Yiling. As a result, Liu Bei, who was overthrown by the whole army in the battle of Yiling, lost at most 50,000 troops and horses. Although for Shuhan, the loss of 50,000 soldiers and horses is very heavy. However, after decades of recovery, Shuhan should be able to minimize the impact of this loss. However, Shuhan has always been the weakest party in the Three Kingdoms of Wei, Shu and Wu. Why?


Firstly, after the battle of Yiling, Liu Bei was left alone in the Baidi City, Zhuge Liang assumed the important task of rectifying and supporting the Han Dynasty. However, it is always difficult to defeat the powerful Cao and Wei Dynasties in Shuhan, which has been in a state of decline. In 263, Deng Aibing came to Chengdu to make Shuhan officially perish, becoming the first country to perish in the Three Kingdoms of Wei, Shu and Wu. Then, the question arises: why did Shuhan lose up to 50,000 soldiers and horses in the battle of Yiling, and then fail? In my opinion, this is mainly due to the failure of the battle of Yiling, which marks the complete loss of Jingzhou in Shuhan. Once Jingzhou is lost, it means that Zhuge Liang's strategic goal of "striding across the Jing and benefiting" in Longzhong is also difficult to achieve.


In view of the development direction of Liu Bei's forces, Zhuge Liang said in Longzhong: "If there are Jing, Yi, Xihe Zhurong, Nanfuyiyue, Sun Quan and internal affairs are well knotted; if the world changes, the first general will be ordered to turn the army of Jingzhou to Wan and Luo, and the general will lead Yizhou's people out of Qinchuan." In Zhuge Liang's view, Shu Han should have at least two states, Jingzhou and Yizhou, if he wants to succeed in the Northern Expedition to the Central Plains and restore the Han Dynasty. On this basis, when the world changes, such as the internal unrest in Wei, Jingzhou troops attacked Wancheng and Luoyang, while Yizhou troops attacked Guanzhong area, that is, only when the two armies jointly work, can they defeat the powerful Cao Wei. However, after the Yiling War, because Shuhan lost Jingzhou completely, it was almost impossible to defeat Cao Wei. On the other hand, the significance of Jingzhou to Shuhan is not only the springboard and platform of the Northern Expedition of Cao Wei. In the late Eastern Han Dynasty, many states and counties in the Central Plains were chasing for deer. Because of the influence of war, their population was greatly reduced, and agriculture and commerce were destroyed. However, as far as Jingzhou is concerned, because Liu Biao runs the land in an orderly manner, not only has he not been affected by the war, but also has a large population and prosperous commerce, all the princes hope to compete for this area. After Guanyu's negligence in Jingzhou, the population of Shuhan was only over 900,000, and the military strength was only 100,000 at most. Correspondingly, after the victory of Jingzhou, the population of Dongwu reached more than 2.3 million and its military strength exceeded 200,000. As a result, because Jingzhou was completely lost, Shuhan only had Yizhou as a state, and its population and military strength could hardly be supplemented.


Finally, Shuhan lost up to 50,000 soldiers and horses in the battle of Yiling. If Shuhan still had Jingzhou, the loss of 50,000 soldiers and horses would be more easily supplemented. However, because of the loss of Jingzhou, including Guan Yu, Ma Liang and other military officers and generals, Zhuge Liang's Northern Expedition is not only a lack of talent, but also a lone hand. In addition, for the future of Shuhan Wenchen Wu, many of them come from Jingzhou, such as Jiang Wan, Fei You, Wei Yan, Li Yan, Huang Zhong, Dong Yun, Ma Jian and others. However, after the Yiling War, it was difficult for Shuhan to obtain talents from Jingzhou. Therefore, after the Yiling War, Shu and Han Dynasty as a whole entered a downward stage, or even stagnated. Without the efforts of Zhuge Liang, Jiang Wei and others, Shuhan would not have survived until 263 BC. < p > < p > text / emotional history < br > < / P > < p > < / P > < p > < / P >