Why did Wu Zixu say that he was a loyal minister when he destroyed his motherland with other armies?

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Why did Wu Zixu say that he was a loyal minister when he destroyed his motherland with other armies?

2019-03-01 15:47:22 371 ℃

Wu Zixu, a native of Chu, surrendered to the State of Wu, and then led the army of Wu to destroy the State of Chu. As a general understanding, this is absolutely a traitorous act of deceiving teachers and destroying ancestors. It should be scolded for thousands of years.

Wu Zixu's stills

But when we look at history, we can see that the evaluation of Wu Zixu in history seldom accuses Wu Zixu of treason. Most of them have sympathy for Wu Zixu. Moreover, he not only sympathized with Wu Zixu, but also believed that Wu Zixu was very loyal in doing so.
For example, Chen Bai said, "Zixu is loyal to his monarch, and the whole world wants to be his minister. Filial piety has loved its relatives, and all the world wants to think of their children." For example, Huantan said, "There are changes in loyalty to ministers and high festivals, such as Longfeng, Bigan, army members and Chao-Er." For example, Fan Zhongyan said, "Xu should also have no regrets, to Dazhong Xiaomen." For example, Li Zhi said, "Wu Zixu is absolutely filial, pure and loyal, shocking, and Chu is strong." Did you see that the ancients were saying that Wu Zixu was a loyal minister?

Wu Zixu betrayed his motherland and introduced other countries to destroy his motherland. They also whipped and insulted the dead monarch. Why is it still considered a loyal minister? How to understand this evaluation? I think so about this question.

Li Mi's stills

1. Filial piety first, then loyalty.

The so-called "loyalty and filial piety can not be both complete". Say, in many cases, "loyalty" and "filial piety" can only choose one from the other. So, when these two things need to choose one from the other, how should we choose them? The ancients generally believed that filial piety should be first followed by loyalty. For example, when Emperor Wudi of the Jin Dynasty asked Li Mi, a world-famous official, to go to the court, he wrote a "Chen Qing Biao" to show Emperor Wudi of the Jin Dynasty that he should serve his grandmother first, and that he would not come out to be an official until his grandmother died. Emperor Wudi of Jin was not only not angry, but also very appreciative of his practice. However, in order to take care of his elderly parents, Bao Zheng chose to be a junior official not far from his hometown, although he had the opportunity to go out to be a senior official. This action has won unanimous praise from later generations. From the Han Dynasty, the mechanism of recommending officials was called the censorship system. The most important part of the censorship system is to raise filial piety and honesty. Only those who are filial are qualified to be officials. From this, we can see that the ancients put filial piety in front of loyalty. The most practical example is

. We usually compare our motherland to "mother", but we never compare our motherland to our motherland. From this we can see that mothers are obviously more important than motherland. Why Wu Zixu came back with Wu to attack his motherland is that he wanted to revenge his father and brother, which is an act of filial piety. Only when we do filial piety can we be loyal. So Li Zhi said that he was "absolutely filial and loyal".

King Chuping's photo

2. It's only to destroy the "king", not the "state".

p>Wu Zixu's age was not like that of later generations. At that time, as the biggest emperor of Wang Zhou, he had lost his authority. When the emperor lost his authority, a two-way relationship was formed between the monarch and his subjects. In this two-way relationship, Mencius said, "If a monarch looks at his subjects as brothers and feet, then his subjects look at him as hearts; if a monarch looks at his subjects as dogs and horses, then his subjects look at him as nationals; if a monarch looks at his subjects as mustard, his subjects look at him as enemies." Since King Chu Ping killed Wu Zixu's father and brother unreasonably, that is to say, he regarded Wu's family as "mustard" and Wu Zixu should take King Chu Ping as "enemy". This point was understood by all at that time. Besides, Wu Zixu returned to the State of Chu with Wu's army, but his purpose was not to destroy the State of Chu, but to seek revenge from King Ping of Chu. When he knew that King Chuping had passed away, he also excavated the tomb and whipped the corpse. He did not kill the royal family of Chu completely, nor did he support another person to replace the King of Chu. There is another point in

that the people of Chu at that time were very sympathetic to Wu Zixu and believed that Wu Zixu's practice was reasonable. It can be seen that people's hearts turn to their backs. Of course, there is no one-sided thing in the world. As for Wu Zixu, some people in history thought that Wu Zixu's practice was wrong. For example, Shao Bao, an official of the Ming Dynasty, once said, "Wu Zixu knows that he has relatives but does not know that he has a country. He hates one person and kills one country. It's not too bad that he has a poisonous clan society like a dead man." Wang Ruoxu, a contemporary writer, also said, "It's not only the prince who robs himself, but also the prince who robs others.

Obviously, they say that because they stand in different positions.

(References: Historical Records)