Let the woman back the pot? Where is the anger of the crown, and this is the truth of Wu Sangui’s entry into the Qing army.2019-08-07 00:34:12 7857 ℃
Editor's note: Wu Sangui cited the Qing army to enter the customs and defeated Li Zicheng. It can be said that it was a turning point event in the Ming Dynasty. Without Wu Sangui’s introduction of Qing troops, Li Zicheng may not be able to block the Qing army at Shanhaiguan. Then, the direction of Chinese history will be completely different. Then, why should Wu Sangui introduce the troops into the customs? Is it really like some literary and artistic works, is it for Chen Yuanyuan, is it a red face?
Many people know that in the Chongzhen Dynasty, Wu Sangui was the chief of the Liaodong. However, in the Liaodong area in the late Ming Dynasty, Wu Sangui was only one of the many general soldiers at the beginning, but by 1644 he was already the only one, and he was also the highest general. The position of the general soldier is only the right to command the army without the right to reconcile the military. Because the chief of the Liaodong army is only a regional general soldier, the superiors of the regional generals have both the governor of the same rank and the governor of the same product. Therefore, before he was still sealed "Ping Xibo", Wu Sangui also had two bosses, and these two bosses all had the right to transfer troops. They are: 1. The governor of the Liao Dynasty and the military department Shang Shu Wang Yongji. 2. Liaodong governor and the capital of the court, the right-hander of the Imperial Court, Li Yutian.
March 4, 1644 (Lunar calendar), Chongzhen Xiasheng Wu Sangui was Ping Xibo, Tang Tong was Ding Xibo, Zuo Liangyu was Ning Nanbo, and Huang Degong was Jing Nanbo. Order them to enter Jingqin Wang as soon as possible. Among them, Tang Tong’s army surrendered to Li Zicheng, Zuo Liangyu and Huang Degong and other Guanzhong troops. After the previous defeat, they did not have any war with Dashun. For a long time, Dashun’s army did not go to Beijing. Rescue. On March 6th, Chongzhen received a report: Taiyuan, Ningwuguan, Yanmenguan and other places were all broken, and Shanxi has already "fallen." At this time, Chongzhen understood that the city would not be able to adjust the military, and Beijing City would not be able to keep it. So the day I started to squat: Wang Yongji, the governor of Guanwai, and Wu Sangui, together with Ningyuan, moved to the border and went to Jingqin.
On the 20th, the leader of the Liaodong Army led by Wang Yongji came to Fengrun County (now Fengrun New District of Tangshan City), and there are hundreds of miles away from Beijing. Just one day ago, Li Shunjun led by Li Zicheng had already captured Beijing. On the 23rd, Wang Yongji began to return after hearing the dramatic changes in Beijing in Panshan Township. On the 24th, Wu Sangui, who had arrived in Yongping, also got news of the fall of Beijing. So he sent someone back to Beijing to inquire about the details and proceeded.Respond to the troops of Wang Yongji. On the 29th, Wu Sangui’s family, Fu Haishan, fled from Beijing and fled to Yutian to return to Wu Sangui what happened in Beijing. At this point, Wu Sangui and Wang Yongji were finally convinced that the Chongzhen Emperor had already slanded the country, and hundreds of officials had turned to Li Zicheng, and the Dashun Army also carried out a torture in the city of Beijing. Even Wu Hao was tortured and robbed Wu’s five thousand and two silvers, which made Wu Sangui greatly angry. Because he was just named Ping Xibo, he was already a minister of the country, and the Chongzhen who sealed him as Ping Xibo actually became the king of the country. So he swears on the spot: "The hatred of the father will be dead."
On the first day of April, Li Yutian received the Qing army stationed in Ningyuan, which had been abandoned, and there were signs of going south. So he sent a notice to Wang Yongji and Wu Sangui. Wang Yongji and Wu Sangui arrived in the morning of the fifth day. As soon as he arrived at Shanhaiguan, he discussed with Li Yutian and Gao Di about the future. After the afternoon of the negotiations, Wang Yongji decided to contact Shi Kefa and let him go north with the Liaodong Army to recover Beijing. But on the evening of the same day, Li Zicheng’s recruiter: Tang Tong, Zuo Yutai, and Zhang Ruoxuan also rushed to Shanhaiguan.
In the face of Li Zicheng’s sudden surrender, the people discussed it again and decided to refuse to go down and to be a “loyal minister”. Therefore, Wang Yongji contacted Shi Kefa according to the original plan, and after he went north, Wu Sangui The rate of the Liaodong army westward, together with Li Zicheng, to recover Beijing, but in order to delay the time, sent Li Yutian as a messenger to go to Beijing to negotiate with Li Zicheng. It is guaranteed that it does not infringe upon the interests of everyone in Shanhaiguan at this time. Only Wang Yongji and Wu Sangui did not expect that Li Yutian actually surrendered Li Zicheng in Beijing.
Why did Li Yutian surrender? Because the original official position is the chief of the Liao Dynasty, Wang Yongji, followed by the Liaodong governor Li Yutian, and then the Liaodong general soldier Wu Sangui. However, after the last Ningyuan Great Victory in September 1643, Wu Sangui, who was originally a general of Ningyuan, not only officially went to the "Liaodong General Soldier", but also turned the Liaodong Army into the "Wufu Bing" army, but was also nominally The temperance of two civil servants.
The original Wang Yongji was the "Boss", Li Yutian was the "second child", and Wu Sangui was the "old third." However, after this, Wu Sangui, a warrior, jumped more than two civil servants to become the "big boss." Both Wang Yongji and Li Yutian became Wu Sangui’s “curtain”, but “the curtain” according to the official position, WangYongji is the chief and Li Yutian is the second. After Li Zicheng’s enlistment of the regiment, Tang Tong, who was both “Bo” and Wu Sangui’s old knowledge, not only sent him 40,000 silver, but also brought a family letter. Zhang Ruoxi and Zuo Yutai, both of whom are from Shandong, are also old-fashioned with Wang Yongji, who was a governor of Shandong. But he only ignored Li Yutian. However, Li Yutian will not be able to negotiate with Li Zicheng in the future. Therefore, under such circumstances, Li Yutian, a Shaanxi native, surrendered Dashun by negotiating to Beijing, and brought him a lot of information at this time. In the end, he also indirectly urged Li Zicheng to send troops to Shanhaiguan.
Then why did Wu Sangui and Wang Yongji refuse to drop? As mentioned above, they know the “striking” behavior in Beijing. The most important thing is to anger the local bureaucrats of Shanhaiguan. It is necessary to know that the Ming Dynasty has accumulated a large amount of materials in Shanhaiguan since the opening of the DPRK. If the surrender of the Dashun Army at this time, then these materials will be given to the Dashun Army in vain, which is unacceptable to the local officials of Shanhaiguan. The materials that have been hoarded for many years in the Liaodong area have also been returned to Wu Sangui at this time. Of course, he is not willing to give it to the Dashun Army in such a vain manner.
But this will mean that Li Zicheng will be completely angered, and his Dashun army will attack Beijing City from Shaanxi all the way, and most of the North China can't resist it. If the army is really coming, can a Shanhaiguan in the area be able to block the Dashun Army before the reinforcements in the south?
▲The location of Shanhaiguan in the Liaoxi Corridor
So on this day, Tong Daxing, who was originally the "supervisor of the discipline of the Liaodong Army", proposed to Wu Sangui to borrow from the Qing army. The soldiers revenge for Chongzhen, and the confession of the land north of the Yellow River as a reward, and the establishment of the Prince in Nanjing, the preservation of the national pulse, and the separation of the Qing Dynasty from the north and the south, but this matter is of great importance, although the thieves can become a "application" Hey, Guo Ziyi, but who is responsible for the responsibility of "Shi Jinglian"?
After all, although Wu Sangui and Wang Yongji, who were in the Chongzhen Book at this time, actually became the highest military and political chief of the Ming Dynasty in the entire North China region after March 19, Wu Sangui Just the nominal "Ping Xibo." If he lacks political experience, he is completely ignorant of these major events, and he will certainly ask his "screen chief" Wang Yongji. Wang Yongji, a literati and politician, waited for five days while discussing with everyone.During these five days, I was constantly receiving news that the official residences in Beijing were being "shunned" and that the Qing army would be going down the country. Originally, I only wanted to attack Li Zicheng and Wang Yongji from the north and the south. After getting the exact news of the Qing army south on April 10, I finally agreed with Tong Daxing’s offer and drafted a loan to the Qing Dynasty in the name of Wu Sangui. The soldiers’ "inscriptions on the military" hope that the Qing army can detour Li Zicheng on the west side of the Great Wall and send it on April 11. At the same time, Zhaowen was published in the east of Beijing to Shanhaiguan. The content of its Zhaowen text is roughly as follows: "The life of Zhou has not changed, and Han Dekei thinks, and tries to see the heart of Chi County, which is still the orthodoxy of Zhu Jiazhi."
and Wang Yongji played a big eye and only proposed "inviting soldiers" in the name of Wu Sangui. If it is successful, then Wang Yongji, who is a "curtain", may also be able to seal a "bo" or even a higher title, so that he can become "Shen Bao, Guo Ziyi", but if it fails, Wu Sangui is "Shi Jinglian." In other words, meritorious service is his Wang Yongji's, and guilty is Wu Sangui's (this move once again shows that Wang Yongji is indeed an official old bird). What is even more hateful is that as soon as April 17th, after learning that Dorgon changed the route of entering the army, Wang Yongji went to the South to seek reinforcements in the name of seeing Shi Kefa in person, but in fact, it left all the mess. Wu Sangui.
In this way, Wu Sangui can be said to be confusing, and the opportunity to rewrite history is in his own hands, becoming a weight in the upcoming battle of the Dashun Army and the Qing Army. It has also become the "eternal sinner" who introduced the soldiers into the customs.
This article is the original manuscript of the Cold Weapons Institute. The original editor and the author blow the snow. Any media or public number may not be reproduced without written authorization, and the offender will be held liable.
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