The past of the underground rivers and lakes: the crime and punishment of the tombs in Shaanxi for 30 years

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The past of the underground rivers and lakes: the crime and punishment of the tombs in Shaanxi for 30 years

2019-08-07 00:34:21 1281 ℃

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Professor Yang in the "Ghost Blowing Lights of the Ancient City"

Jiangnan’s talented Shandong, the Shaanxi loess buried the emperor.

As the ancient capital of the 13th Dynasty, the living came, the dead stayed, and walked on this land, maybe the foot of which is the tomb of the prince.

It is no wonder that Xi'an made a headline some time ago: Xi'an subway repaired slowly, only because of cultural relics.

It is probably not so difficult to put this matter in the Republic of China. Because of a "party scorpion", specializing in digging.

Xunzi was originally called the party Yuxi, who was born in Guanzhong, and took advantage of the turmoil of the Republic of China to pull up a team and become a warlord. In 1928, he was stationed in Baoji Fengxiang.

Warlords want to save their strength and have to find ways to raise money to buy a gun. The method of the party scorpion is very simple, that is, the tomb.

The chaos on the ground is uncertain, and the government has the power to protect the underground. The party scorpion blatantly held a groundbreaking ceremony and set off firecrackers in order to exorcise evil spirits.

The people who dig the tomb were recruited from nearby villages, and there were more than a thousand. In order to stimulate their enthusiasm for work, they also invited several troupes to perform. The scene is full of heat.

Tomb gangs

In the past few months, more than 50 tombs have been hollowed out, and there are more than a thousand precious things. To this end, the party scorpion and Sun Dianying have the same name and become the "treasury of the pirates" of the Republic of China. In the same year, the latter blew up the Tomb of Cixi in the Qing Tombs.

Seeing the treasures in front of them, the party scorpion is very excited, and the big hand waved and opened the reward: more steaming for the migrant workers!

He and a group of men, toasting in the house, to celebrate the wine. In the middle of the night, the wine was a little bit more, and went to the yard to pee. The bricks on the floor were not quite uniform. He stepped on the ground and fell.

As a result, half of the bricks arrived at the crotch, and a testicle was squeezed into the bones.

That kind of pain, only he knows.

After 1949, the wind of the tomb was killed. The farmers moved the Qin brick Hanwa or tombstoneGo home and build a pigsty.

In the 1980s, the cultural relics market became active again. A group of tomb thieves reappeared on the Guanzhong Plain.

Xi'an, who lived in the 1980s, walked on the streets, and from time to time met Cantonese people who speak Cantonese. At that time, the society began to loosen, and the people in the south went to the mainland to carry out business, often gathering in the Bell Tower Hotel.

One of the projects is to collect copper coins, also known as hemp. At that time, everyone's awareness of cultural relics protection was not strong. If there were ancient coins in the family, they would be sold out. Agents appeared in the local area, and they bought the streets and sold them to the Cantonese.

Starting from the copper coins, slowly, porcelain, bronzes, stone carvings, etc., also went to Guangdong and eventually flowed to Hong Kong, Europe and America. During

, there was nothing wrong with the abduction. Fan Wei and Gao Xiumin played a small piece of "selling cats", reflecting the situation: the cultural relics were loaded to buy cats, in fact, the bowl that cats eat.

A few years later, the folk things were almost collected, and there was no hard cargo, and the idea of ​​playing the cemetery began. Beginning in 1988, the tomb thieves of various rivers and lakes began to entangle in the Guanzhong area.

At that time, the robbery in Xi'an was like a fair, and often met at night. Take Chang'an County, there are about one hundred people who rob the tomb every night. Everyone does not interfere with each other and is busy with each other. Sometimes, I borrow a tool from each other.

The method of robbery at this time is not as simple and rude as the party scorpion. The robbers know the feng shui and can measure the entrance to the tomb. Then use Luoyang to shovel a hole more than ten meters deep, fill it with explosives and carry out blasting. Explosives make the surrounding soil loose, so it is easy to dig in.

The robbers were so rampant. On the one hand, the police could not keep up. It was impossible to protect every cemetery. Only local people found the report to deal with it.

On the other hand, the means of robbers were handed down from ancient experiences, and long-term struggles were on the front line, coupled with the drive of money, they were always keen to find hidden cemeteries.

For example, Luoyang shovel, a tool commonly used in tombs, was invented by a tomb thief named Li Duck in Luoyang more than 100 years ago. The shovel head is a semi-cylinder. A shovel goes down and can bring a piece of soil. You can tell if there is any underneath.Happening.

Luoyang shovel for the tomb

Because this shovel was particularly good, it was later used by archaeologists. In archaeological colleges, the use of Luoyang shovel is a basic skill that must be practiced.

Master is in the folk, not convinced. Often, after the tomb thief had moved, archaeologists discovered that there were important cultural relics there and took protective measures.

For example, Hancheng in Weinan is known as the “Hometown of Literature and History”. Among them was Liangdai Village. In 2004, the villagers seized more than 40 tomb thieves in just a few months, and there were 300 pounds of explosives that they had not had time to use.

After reporting to the government, the people from the Cultural Relics Bureau came and drilled and found that it was actually the tomb area of ​​the Western Zhou Dynasty. There are more than 100 cemeteries in the cemetery, and all the places are cultural relics.

At the same time, he also discovered a vassal state that has disappeared for thousands of years. According to historical records, the empress of the Shu Kingdom, Mrs. Jiang, took power after her husband’s death. It was the first queen in history, and it was more than 1,000 years before the war.

This achievement is comparable to the ancient country of Loulan, and was named one of the "Top Ten Archaeological Discoveries" of the year.

The propaganda of the Shu State Site

worried about leaking news, and there were more people who robbed the tomb. The cultural relics unit surrounded the area and quietly excavated. Despite this, I heard that a group of tomb thieves from Xi'an had to carry a miniature submachine gun to grab the cultural relics.

The Cultural Relics Bureau was shocked and had to be sent to the armed police, armed with live ammunition and heavily guarded. Especially at night, I patrol the village. This scared the robbers.

One day later, the patrol found a plastic bottle-sized bronze next to a ditch outside the village, which was very strange. After strict arming, I finally caught a group of robbers.

It turned out that the tomb thief found that he could not enter the tomb area through the barbed wire, and he chose to dig a tunnel from a distance.

There are so many things, and the tomb thief is not convinced: obviously is the place we found, why did you finally return to you?

The cultural relics unit had to carry out propaganda. For example, at an archaeological excavation site in Xianyang, a brand of red dragonfly was established:

Archaeologists named themselves

unlike "Ghost Blowing Lights"According to the Tomb Notes, the robbers are from the family or the martial art. In reality, they are mostly trying to make money and start halfway.

In 1986, Xi'an Film Studio filmed a movie "Dongling Thief" about Sun Dianying's theft of the Tomb of Cixi. The audience of that era, like today, liked this thrilling and singular film. After the release, the box office was very popular, and four sequels were filmed.

Don't look at Zhang Yimou's "Red Sorghum" won the international award, but it is still such a commercial film to really make money to support the studio.

The luxurious funerary objects in the film

was also in this year, a Xi'an who was named Yang Bin. After graduating from the technical school, he was assigned to the West Film Factory as a photographer. In 1992, China set off a wave of sea. Yang Bin followed this trend and left the factory to do business.

At first, he opened a clothing store in Xiaozhai because the competition was too intense and he did not make any money. One day, he went shopping in the antique market and saw a middle-aged greasy man who spent 10,000 yuan to buy a bronze mirror.

A flash of light flashed in front of his eyes, and his life suddenly became clear. He knew he should be dry.

The cultural relics trading place in Xi'an was first concentrated in the Xiaodongmen area, and the lunar calendar opened on the fifth and tenth days. Trading at 3 or 4 in the morning, the daylight will be scattered, known as the "ghost city."

"Ghost City"

People who have stayed in cultural units really love learning. After returning home, Yang Bin bought a lot of books and magazines, such as "Relics", "Collections", etc. Seriously study it.

After he became acquainted, he began to form a team to excavate underground. After all, as a photographer, out of professional habits, whenever you dig a tomb, you must take pictures of the baby.

is for the buyer to see, but also for their own appreciation.

In a few years, on his computer hard drive, there were 124 folders with a total of 5,232 files. He also built a cultural relics repair factory in Xi'an, which imports raw materials from the United States and repairs damaged cultural relics.

Really, do one line, drill a line, love a line.

The most precious thing in the tomb he stole was located in the village of Pangliu in Chang'an District, Xi'an, and the tomb of Emperor Tang Yushun.

"Yu Shun" is the nickname after death, and was the Hui of Emperor Xuanzong of Tang Dynasty. At the courtFertility is the primary productive force. This Huiyi has given birth to 7 children for Xuanzong, so he is very fond of it. One of the children is Li Wei. He is not famous, but his wife is Yang Yuhuan, who is the pro who personally gave his son.

Hui Wei died when he was 38 years old. Xuanzong was very sad and his sleep was difficult. The best way to forget about an old relationship is to enter a new relationship. At this time, some people introduced to Xuanzong, saying that Yuhuan was good, and Xuanzong called for a look.

This look confirms the eyes and leads to the fate of Datang and goes to the other side.

In the tomb, Huiyu's coffin is a palace-shaped stone sarcophagus, too large to be transported directly to the pirate.

Shi Jie

But this is not difficult for Yang Bin, he first cut the stone shovel into 31 pieces, and pack the bag, just like IKEA. Then use a long-armed crane called the gourd well, and one piece is pulled out of the hole.

Subsequently, things were shipped to Guangzhou, went out to sea, and finally arrived in the hands of an American. As soon as he got down, Yang Bin got a million dollars.

Shijie is a national treasure-level cultural relic, which alarmed the entire cultural relics circle. Eventually, in July 2006, the police arrested Yang Bin, who fled to Shenzhen, and sentenced him to death.

The writer Haiyan’s "Long Ann Pirates" was written according to this case. This year will be filmed, starring Fan Wei.

During the prison sentence, when the police sorted out Yang Bin’s hard drive, he found a beautiful mural. Interrogating Yang Bin, he identified the location of the cemetery that took the picture. It was originally in the tomb of the Han Dynasty in the Tang Dynasty. The archaeological team dug for 8 months to get it.

This is a large-screen single-screen mural with a height of 2.2 meters and a width of 2 meters. It has never seen such a large size before, so it is of great significance - filling the gap in the history of murals, the Chinese landscape painting The maturity period is advanced to the Tang Dynasty.

The huge mural

recalls that on the way to escape, Yang Bin gave himself a pseudonym called "Song Siqing", and Xi'an dialect was "awkward thing." It has two meanings: one is bad things, the other is small things.

Yang Bin wants to make bad things into small things.

At the beginning, Xi'an did not save him. However, from the performance of the prison, the matter has become at least a little smaller.

The robbery operation began in the late 1980s and reached its climax in the early 21st century.

Because at this time, the rise of real estate, some bosses have money, began to collect cultural relics, and suddenly stirred the market. Even if the country continues to crack down on it, some people are taking risks. Shaanxi, a major cultural relics province, has always been at risk.

It is no wonder that without buying and selling, there is no damage.

The tombstone organization is called a pot, the highest level of which is called the palm of the eye, responsible for planning, identification and sale, such as Yang Bin. In addition, there is a pot, responsible for raising money and buying equipment; the leg is a technical worker, equivalent to an engineer; the next bitter is a farmer who helps the rough work.

But farmers don't necessarily have to suffer, and some will use the advantages of familiarity with geography to do things themselves.

In June 2004, Nanling Village of Xianyang County, Xianyang, a pair of Wu surnamed brothers, contracted a sloping land in the village that no one wanted, saying that it was to plant fruit trees. The boss is Wu Yuejin, and the second child is Wu Jianshe.

When he was young, Wu Yuejin used to play in this area. The result was that the passing person had a meal and said that it was Tang Jingling District. If it collapsed, he would be buried.

A few decades later, I heard that this land was going to be contracted, and Wu Yuejin felt that the opportunity to make a fortune came. He wants to dig the tomb of the tomb and pull the brother Wu Jian.

Although the relationship between the two was not good, they had not spoken before because of family conflicts. But the fertilizer does not flow outside the field.

After that, they rushed to the ground every day. Two years later, the fruit trees grew up and formed a green gauze account. If you don't walk in, you can't see what's inside. At the same time, they also explored the location of the tomb.

In the summer of the third year, the two started to work. Shift, one burrow, one whistle, alternate. Except for the two of them, no one knows, even if it is a daughter-in-law on the pillow.

Dig for another three years, and in the fall of 2009, he finally dug through the tomb. It is still a "dry house", that is, it is well sealed, no water seeps in, just like an underground room. Things are picked up, rubbed with cloth, and dazzling, it turns out to be "Tang Sancai".

This batch of goods was shot, and the two earned 6.5 million. For a farmer’s family, the size is equivalent to the head of the king.A small goal of rich.

The money was piled up in the shed of the orchard. The brothers came to discuss how to divide. At the beginning, I agreed to one person and half. When I ordered the money, Wu Jianshe said that he had more children at home and he was burdened with more than one hundred thousand.

Wu Yuejin was on fire, and the old things reopened many years ago. The two began to quarrel. Then, I moved my hand. Wu Yuejin picked up the shovel on the ground and smashed it over to his brother's head.

The world is silent. Like the lights in the tomb, it extinguishes instantly.

He buried his brother's body and returned home, but he couldn't sleep anymore. He didn't close his eyes for three days and three nights.

Wu Jianshe’s daughter-in-law did not see her husband returning for three days and reported to the police.

The police found the body in the orchard and found the stolen hole. Excavated unconventional, meticulous and sturdy, it is the perfect tomb passage. The tunnel wars in the anti-Japanese period are not comparable to this.

Wu Yuejin in prison, reflecting on his face: So a lot of money, how can I give up to hundreds of thousands of brothers?

In 1991, a man surnamed Ma in Xianyang heard that selling cultural relics could make money, and he stole the big holy statue in a temple in Huaguoshan, Bin County. I didn't find the next home for a while, and I was buried in the pig pen.

As a result, the pigs began not to eat or drink, and died a few days later.

The wife complained that the pig is most afraid of his master, why did you steal him back?

Ma Shu has no choice but to dig up the Great Saint. He did not dare to return to the original owner, afraid to throw himself into the net, he went to a temple in Gansu and wanted to sell it to the monk there.

The monk took a look at it and found that on the base of the statue, there was a line of words: Binxian Water Curtain Cave.

In recent years, the largest robbery case in Shaanxi Province was the “September 20th Series of Western Han Dynasty Ancient Tombs” in 2016.

Things were first discovered in Datun Village, Xianyang, Xianyang. In the northwest of July, the corn in the field was not yet mature, but there were traces of frequent ingress and exit. The police moved their minds and took a closer look at the holes dug by the tomb thief.

The goal is the tomb of the Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty. The name comes from the fact that she has a fist when she is born.Exhibition, until later saw the Emperor Wu of Han, only stretched out his hand, originally holding a jade hook.

After Mrs. Hook’s son became an emperor, he used a huge manpower to repair the tomb of his mother, named “Han Yunling”. It is both a local tourist attraction and a key cultural relics protection unit.

Although the discovery of the early, the tomb thief did not succeed, but such an important mausoleum dare to move, but also too daring. The police then began a wide-ranging detection operation. After more than a year, I took a few pots and arrested more than 90 people.

Because the case is too complicated, many mysteries have not been fully revealed yet. For example, the collection of things, from which tomb, is still inconclusive.

What is certain is that this is by no means the last batch of tomb thieves.

The valuable cultural relics collected

, among them, the man named "the first person in the northwest tomb tomb", also fell into the net. His life just happened to witness the history of the development of the tomb in Shaanxi.

Meng Laoda was a worker at Hongqi Watch Factory. In the early 1980s, he started from collecting copper coins for Cantonese people and later began to resell cultural relics. Because he has trained a pair of eyes, he can decide the true and false of the cultural relics and become the number one authority of Changan.

He also established a complete industrial chain from digging to selling, and continuously sourced money from the ground. The family lives in a mansion and the children study abroad.

After the age of 60, he repeatedly wanted to wash his hands in the golden basin, but he has not succeeded in washing.

Life is white, there are only two big choices, dare to shoot, do not close.

A lot of movies have similar plots: I want to withdraw after finishing the final stroke, but this last stroke often becomes a deadly pen.

Most of the robbers ended up with this ending. When a shovel goes down, it has actually cut off its own path. They are not aware of the desire for money.

As stated in "Ghost Blowing Lights":

In many cases, the reason why it will be defeated is not the lack of ingenuity, nor the lack of courage. In fact, it is only the interests that make people's minds faint.

editor: steamed folder planet; Author: Pirates of the bun man