Art master Mao Zedong2016-09-08 20:08:42 819 ℃
China's famous translator Mr. Fu Lei listened to Mao Zedong's speech at the conference on propaganda work in March 12, 1957 after being infected, unable to restrain the emotions. He wrote to his son Fu Cong described the scene: "the kind of tone, tone, very cordial and amiable, very humorous; and no lesson tone, speed properly, to the appropriate pause (pause - the author note). Notes cannot be conveyed. His Marx doctrine is to perfection, just come up, all the wonderfulness, in a very natural attitude, the audience in the heart of intangible penetration. The logic of the speech is hidden and not exposed, is really a master of art."
The "hidden" and "next time"
Fu Lei said, "hidden and not exposed", is one of the characteristics of Mao Zedong's discourse. Yan Wenjing, a famous writer in Yanan, had talked with Mao Zedong all day long, and he was deeply impressed by the power of "hidden but not revealing". He recalls: "I come out from Chairman Mao's cave, it was already dark. I braved the stars into his cave, you guess what's in my mind? You don't forget, I have known little is from the white area to Yanan writer, very conceited! But at that time I thought back and Mao Zedong get along with the scene, I said: this man, now he let me go to die for him, I do!...... I'm surprised too. He got me....... In fact, that he did not speak a Lenin, say are the ways of the world of astronomy and geography, he is an encyclopedia, know everything, but he didn't take Marxism Leninism on the lips. But you think afterwards, are telling the Marxism ah, he put the whole fused into reality China Lenin! At that time, I found that, with this person to do the revolution, the revolution must have hope! China must have hope! Lenin really ah, without a word, the best romantic!"
Of course, not everyone who has talked with Mao Zedong has accepted all of Mao Zedong's views and opinions. In this case, Mao Zedong at the right time to say "next time".
Mr. Liang Shuming, a famous scholar, in 1937 77 after the incident, witnessed the Kuomintang army losing sight of. He did not hold hope for the war of resistance against Jiang Jieshi, the future of China's war of resistance is full of pessimism. So he visited Yanan in January 1938. He was at that time in thinking that he was sympathetic to the spirit of the Communist Party and at the same time he opposed the class struggle of the Communist Party.
That January 1938, Mao Zedong met with democratic personages to visit Yanan Liang Shuming.
Mao Zedong talks about the protracted Anti Japanese war made Liang Shuming admire greatly "". Liang later recalled: "this article (referring to Mao Zedong's" on protracted war "- the author note) was not published at that time. He gave me the content of this article. Said China must win. I heard him talk, my heart boredom wiped out." A visit to Yanan, Liang Shuming and Mao Zedong talk a total of eight times, two of which are all through the night. When the topic turned to class struggle, the two heated debate, there is one day in the evening until the next day has been a big bright. Finally, the hair to meaningfully Liang said: "Mr. Liang is high, we can not do today's debate before the conclusion, left to right tentatively decomposition."
More than and 10 years after the spring of 1950, Liang Shuming thought that debate he and Mao Zedong in Yanan, in the face of war in the birth of the fact that the new Chinese, after he made a survey, in 1951 in the "Guangming Daily" published "for two years I had what changes? "One article, a summary of their own. Before and after this, he wrote, "how can I finally fall to the doctrine of reform? And so on, to see Mao Zedong. Liang Shuming said in the text without reservation:
"A few years I firmly believe that things, even in my eyes. This is not next to the matter, is a national unity and stability of the regime from the class struggle in the establishment, and standing in the east of the world. I have estimated it must be in a scuffle scuffle and no result, actually have the results, and the result is prominent, clear and not false."
Liang Shuming in the face of the facts, and finally admitted that Mao Zedong's point of view is right, and he is wrong.
Words with "a few words"
Mao Zedong's book "practical theory" and "contradiction theory" enjoys a high reputation in the world. His very characteristic way of thinking is often permeated in his speech. So those who have contact with him, most will feel his strict logical way of thinking and language implicit and multi-level meaning. This language is sometimes on the surface is very straightforward, but the understanding of its connotation to some people but the effort to think, to think, to chew, to taste, and some may never experience it correctly.
The famous American statesman Kissinger has deep experience, he said: "later, I slowly understand to Mao Zedong's conversation with several layers of meaning, like the Forbidden City in the courtyard, a more than a deep set, in addition to a slight change in comparison, does not have what difference, but he can only mean that in a long time later the overall thinking and catch it."
The November 2, 1957 to 21, Mao Zedong led the China government delegation visited the Soviet Union, this is Mao Zedong speaking in October to celebrate the forty anniversary of the revolution of the conference.
Mao Zedong in November 18, 1957 in Moscow's speech, which talked about how to deal with the problem of nuclear blackmail imperialism. Mao Zedong said: we want to fight for peace. But want war crazy, they may put the atomic bomb, the hydrogen bomb fell everywhere. Two billion and seven hundred million of the world's population, may be a loss of 1/3; and a little more than half of the loss may be. We're not playing, they're playing. We want peace. But if the imperialists have to fight, we would have to be determined to make war and construction. Every day afraid of war, the war came to you, what is the way?
Mao Zedong spoke on the intention of Chinese is not difficult to understand, the audience "Song Qingling issued laughter". But it is said that the presence of foreigners feel a little surprised, all of a sudden reaction, so that later appeared some misunderstanding. For this misunderstanding, China's famous expert on the history of Sino Soviet relations, Sino Soviet relations "history" edited by Shen Zhihua in 2008 in an interview specifically pointed out: "he (Mao Zedong) said that the meaning of this sentence is not to say that 300 million people die China never mind (after Mao Zedong speech of the original, there is no such statement, according to estimates" the loss of half 'Reckoning - the author note), but an attitude, is not afraid of Chinese nuclear threat, you don't scare me with atomic bomb. This is Mao Zedong's usual way of speaking. Later, the western media according to the words Mao said to be war maniacs, this is a misunderstanding."
In fact, Mao Zedong's speech in the period of revolutionary parents formed a consensus: Chinese in front of the frenzied warmongers, blindly back is to avoid the war; ready to fight the war ended is more feasible.
Mao Zedong has repeatedly thanked opponents, such as Jiang Jieshi, He Yingqin, Acheson, Dulles and Khrushchev, as well as Japan and the United States and so on. This "thank you" and vividly reflect the Chinese culture, "Woe to the blessing of the lean; Fu Xi disaster of the underlying" philosophy.
For example, the old rival Jiang Jieshi Mao Zedong said, "thank you America brought to us a number of heavy artillery, when transport captain is Jiang Jieshi", "we thank Jiang Jieshi, Jiang Jieshi is our" the captain "etc.. As the year strongly supports Jiang Jieshi's U.S. government, in fact, Mao Zedong also agree with this statement.
By the end of 1948, Jiang Jieshi of the Kuomintang troops by the people's Liberation Army played Jiang Jieshi repeatedly urged the United States to scorched by the flames, economic and military aid.
Although Truman had long lost confidence in Jiang Jieshi, but in the United States Congress Jiang Jieshi group benefits under the pressure of members, or sent by the director of economic cooperation Hoffman as special envoy to visit china. On the second day of China's arrival, Hoffman and the Jiang Jieshi administration's "American aid committee" official Wang Shijie, Ye Gongchao, who held talks. Talks, Hoffman said: "since you told us aid after so tight, I will tell them the truth, we used to Chinese aid and a lot of money, again, there are weapons, but the generalissimo is incompetent, not to use our assistance. Most of our president and the State Department officials are sad that we are helping you with many of the weapons and supplies that have fallen into the hands of the Communist Party. If the Chinese government will help you again as before, you will not collapse more quickly?" Hoffman said that the presence of the Kuomintang officials blush, speechless.
But Mao Zedong said a few times, "thanks to the Japanese invasion" and so on, at that time caused some of the waves. Because Mao Zedong is the irony of the language art of irony feature is often simply literally cannot understand the real expression of things, in fact, the original meaning and just literally can understand the meaning of the opposite, usually from the context and context to understand the intention. So, as long as the original words of Mao Zedong see comprehensive, to review the history, you can enter from the literal layer from the outside to the inside, to the connotation of layer.
Now quote Mao Zedong a "thank you" speech. This is Mao Zedong's conversation with the Japanese literary delegation in June 21, 1960. Mao Zedong said: "China is a big place, playing ten years of civil war. After the war with the Japanese warlords, and Jiang Jieshi cooperation. I have told this story with many Japanese friends, some of them said that Japan's aggression against China is not good. I said that aggression is of course not good, but can not just look at the bad side, the other side of Japan to help us a lot Chinese. If Japan does not occupy more than half of China, the Chinese people will not wake up. At this point, we have to 'thanks' Japan' s Imperial Army. "."
This passage first affirmed the "aggression is certainly not good", is "bad", and then divided into two to analyze the matter. Therefore it is not difficult to understand the meaning of the speech. However, the year due to various reasons, some of the contents of the overseas media references are not completely inconsistent, resulting in a number of overseas Chinese and overseas Chinese misunderstanding. Famous Chinese American historian Huang Renyu from a philosophical point of view of the special interpretation. He was "from the historical angle to read Jiang Jieshi's diary" wrote: "this (referring to Mao Zedong talk - the author note) gave overseas Chinese quite disgusted. However, the causal relationship between the long time range in the history, only after the event, is not designed in advance, or in the course of events that should be the case. His views and Jiang Jieshi Syria "today that evil because of, or for the future good" (May 31, 1944) from the same angle."
Of course, if you look at the content of Mao Zedong's speech and the relevant historical background, you can better understand the "thank you" philosophy. Ms. Yi Peixia (Buckley Patricia) is a famous American historian, she is the "Cambridge illustrated history of China" by the industry insiders believe that one day will be regarded as a classic". In the book, "the victory of the Communists" is the way to look at the impact of the Japanese invasion of the Chinese people and the Communist Party of China: "the support of the Communist Party of China's victory is essential. From this point of view, the Japanese invasion of the Communist Party of China has created a good opportunity to win support."
Humor and said well learned and informed giving names
The great discourse in the art master at all times and in all countries a lot, but often to "say giving names" for the topic is none other than Mao Zedong. In a conversation with the person does not know, Mao Zedong will in order to shorten the distance; and close ally of party, Comrades together, he will take this as the emotional communication, to exchange ideas. Sometimes, as the name says, sometimes ShuoWenJieZi, sometimes of human geography, sometimes involving name and so on, to leave a lot of stories and laughing.
Mao Zedong's life has had dozens of guards, he and the first three guards talk said giving names is very interesting.
Li Yinqiao followed Mao Zedong for fifteen years. When Mao Zedong asked his first sentence is: "what is your name?"
Li Huida: "report to the president, my name is Li Yinqiao."
Mao Zedong said: "neither fast nor slow Lee, silver, bridge. Well, what word?"
"Muzi Lee, silver and gold, the bridge across the river."
Yinqiao, why not call the bridge?"
"Gold is so precious that I can't afford it."
"Ha ha, you are very aware of it." Mao Zedong's humorous words make Lee's impression of life.
In Mao Zedong looks like a doll of the closure of Yao song, the first time to see Mao Zedong, nervous until the fourth time when Mao Zedong asked his name to answer: Feng Yaosong."
Mao Zedong again asked: "Feng Yao song, is not that Henan, the seal of the letter ah?"
"No, it's an envelope." A "correct" poker-faced Yao song Mao Zedong.
"Ha ha" Mao Zedong laughed again, he helped small seal the button, said: "the kid ah, whether you have a few letters, not it is invisible to the letter. Do you know? That is a word, understand?"
Tian Yunyu, who is also a doll, is sixteen years old. When Mao Zedong first saw him, and asked his name, Tian Yunyu answered, "the president of the report, my name is Tian Yunyu."
"Will you write?"
"The meeting, the chairman." Tian Yunyu was out of the right hand, in front of Mao Zedong space stretching up: "is this field field, cloud cloud, jade jade!"
"Hey, you're not easy!" Mao Zedong laughed and said, "a day, and jade, is on the noble, then you must many people?"
Tian Yunyu thought, Mao Zedong really God, how did he know my house? And he answered, "yes, there are my parents and my grandfather, and there are seven of our brothers and sisters."."
"But no, I guess!" Mao Zedong smiled. Ask again: "where is the home?"
"Shuangcheng County, Heilongjiang."
"Shuangcheng county." Mao Zedong wondered, "why is it called Shuangcheng county? Is there a single city county?"
Tian Yunyu did not hear, then shook his head and said: "there is no single city county."
"No, there will be." Mao Zedong insisted, "there will be a single city in Shuangcheng, and not too far, maybe your father, grandfather, they know, maybe not know, you can ask."
For the first time Tian Yunyu saw Mao Zedong, he felt that the great man had his own analysis, judgment, and insight. Sure enough, Tian Yunyu later confirmed that his hometown is indeed a single city, just a small city, slowly being Shuangcheng, eat off, after which there is No. Tian Yunyu once again sigh: Mao Zedong really god!
That September 27, 1972, Mao Zedong met with Kakuei Tanaka in Zhongnanhai (in) and Masayoshi Ohira (right).
Mao Zedong not only to Chinese so, to other countries affected by the Han culture figures also said that giving names. In September 1972, Mao Zedong met with Japanese Foreign Minister Masayoshi Ohira and other Japanese guests in the Zhongnanhai library. Mao Zedong praised Masayoshi Ohira's name, "said Peace reigns over the land". After the talk, Mao Zedong specially gave him a favorite calligraphy "authentic" Huai Su autobiography, love calligraphy of Masayoshi Ohira is very happy, very cherish. Later, Masayoshi Ohira home fire, Masayoshi Ohira is most concerned about is Mao Zedong gift copybook without damage. The day of Mao Zedong's death, mourning the death of Chairman Mao made a conversation as finance minister Masayoshi Ohira. He said: "we have lost the last giant of this century."."
Mao Zedong is good at contact with the masses, aware of his special identity, so in many cases, especially the first time you meet the case said the name names, or a joke, eliminate the diaphragm, active atmosphere. For example, when meeting with bridge expert Mao Yisheng said: "we are family!" (Mao Mao homonym); he also asked the famous Hunan Flower Drum Opera actor Zuo Dabin "why you did not name the name left right?" "You are the most beautiful of the people," said Mao Zedong Zhu Zhongli, shortly after Wang Jiaxiang arrived in Yanan in 1937!" Also said, "Chung Li, as the weight of." Zhu Zhongli hurriedly said: "that's changed!"
Mao Zedong smiled and said: "no, don't change, I'm talking to you."
However, this type of joke said giving names in exceptional circumstances have caused misinformation. In August 18, 1966, Mao Zedong met on the rostrum of Tiananmen high school affiliated to Beijing Normal University's student Song Binbin, asked her what her name was, that is when the "bin" said the ornamental and the combined plain properties: "to Wu". Song Binbin in the memories of Mao Zedong said, "to Wu," the process, said: "it is such a simple sentence. I have heard of the usual, Chairman Mao loves a joke, will take the name of a joke, so I think this is just a joke, and did not find any special meaning. It's such a simple process."
This simple process was at that time, "Guangming Daily" reporter Mao Zedong as "Song Binbin" renamed "song to Wu" as the main content, wrote an article, and later was "people's Daily" reproduced. Later in the community there was a song to Wu killed a number of people's rumors. In fact, according to many later investigations, Song Binbin has not changed its name to song Wu, did not participate in the red guards, but did not hit. This change of name was written in the book by the Americans. Song Binbin was informed that, with each other on. Finally, the author of the book, the author and publisher in a well-known academic publications, "Studies Newsletter Asian" (Newsletter) on the public apology to Song Binbin. (text / Hu Xinmin)
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