Jesus in Europe, where he has faith in Shakya Muni2016-07-21 03:43:32 481 ℃
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European universal faith in Christianity, can be in the territory of the Russian federation,But there is a belief in the Republic of Tibetan Buddhism. There are 69 temples and more than 5 thousand monks in this country.
People living in it, from where? This is the only religion in Europe, the Buddhist country, has a kind of history?
In the territory of the Russian Federation in the sea, living a group of special people.
And the Russian people generally believe that the Catholic Church is different, this group of people from generation to generation dedicated to Shakya Muni, the belief in Tibetan buddhism.
They are the kalmucks.
The Kalmyks and Tibetan Buddhism has become attached to hundreds of years. The lower reaches of the Volga River of the Republic of Kalmykia is their ancestral place.
The land area of 76 thousand and 100 square kilometers, a population of only about 300 thousand, and not much difference between four lines of small city Chinese. Among them, kalmucks accounted for about 45% of Russians accounted for 37%.
Kalmykia has its own president and national emblem, but part is in the Russian Federation, a bit like domestic Autonomous Prefecture, have a higher level of autonomy. The president, nominated by the Russian candidate, if not by election, Russia has the right to dissolve the parliament of kalmykia.
From the Tsarist era, the Kalmyk minority rule to accept a battle. In 40s, the Kalmyk once revoked, until the end of 50s, only to become a republic. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, he joined the Russian Federation as a republic.
The most special place is the religious belief. The 5000 more than the Tibetan Buddhist Lama, Tibetan Buddhism temples 69; Lama in the eyes of the Kalmyks, status is very high.
The capital of Elista has a variety of religious buildings, tombs and temples are very common lama.
Interestingly, kalmucks temple, Chinese eyeful wind. The palace like a richly ornamented building.
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Russia's popular Christian (Eastern Orthodox Church), Kalmyks so why "maverick". They believe in Tibetan Buddhism?
From their history, they can get the answer.
In fact, the Kalmyk people speak the Weilate Mongolian, who is Gen Gi Khan's blood flow.
Oirad, also called watts, is the ancient nation of Western Mongolia. Genghis Khan country, tile sting head suddenly all match don't beg took 4000 households, surrender to him, and from generation to generation and Genghis Khan tribe keep intermarriage.
Watts this name might be a bit strange, but you must have heard the news that they come up with the civil Fort change. On 1449, Watts also lead the army to attack the Ming Dynasty Taishi to Datong, Liaodong, Gansu and other places.
At the time of the emperor Ming Yingzong is a great admirer of Zhu Yuanzhang, Zhu Qizhen, day expedition, kaijiangtuotu. The invading army watts, is simply God reward opportunity for him.
Add on eunuch Wang urged, Zhu Qizhen more is tempted expedition heart, cobble together an army of 200000, bound for the Shang Datong.
Unexpectedly, the army will be to Datong, heavy rain, in an unbroken line, muddy roads, the army had to make a detour.
The days count, Watts army will soon catch up with the army, will be trapped in the civil Qizhen Zhu bao. After the battle, the army is not low Oyirad army, captured the emperor. This is the history of the famous "civil Fort change".
To the Qing dynasty,Oirat Mongols were divided into four tribes, Qosot (K hoshut), Gar (Dzungar or Jungar), Duerbote Dorbet, Turku Hu special Torgut.
After Zhuge Er tribe strong, the Turehot tribe leader Kho orluk people under the leadership of the, through the kirghis steppes in 1616 together to settle in the tobol River upstream. 30 years later, two people together and moved near the Volga River in the lower reaches of Astrakhan.
Since then, Turehot people belonging to the czar. However, people still Turehot with Qing government closely.
But Osman, tsarist Russia to fight in Turkey, become a division of Turehot people in history. In late eighteenth Century, with the deepening of the war between the two countries, continue to Turehot conscription.
The heavy tax burden and brutal conscription, lit the Turehot people's anger.
The spring of 1771, Turehot people preparing for four year plan uprising, formally implemented. Leader Obasi led 170 thousand people, divided into three way to the state of china.
Along the way, Turehot JATS encounter the interception of the Russian army and the Kazakh people, numerous casualties, finally leaving only 4 million people arrived in Xinjiang Yili.
Other stay in the Volga River downstream of the Turehot JATS, continue to accept the Czar, become the Kalmyk people -- in Russia, Kalmyks called left behind.
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Today, the Kalmyks still such as ancestor as, gallop in the vast grasslands of the Kalmyk, raising horses and cattle, camels, sheep, in animal husbandry.
They have always believed in Tibetan Buddhism, monks in the kalmucks heart, has a lofty position.
The kalmucks have their own characters, but because the country is China, most people use the Russian language. The decline of culture, let the kalmucks anxiety disorder.
In 2008, proposed a bold proposal when the Kalmyk President Kirsan Ilyumzhinov:From 10 thousand China immigrants Turehot people, to help the revitalization of the national language, culture, religion and the decline of animal husbandry.
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