China’s one-vote veto power in the Security Council is like this2018-05-04 10:25:16 118 ℃
On May 1, the United Nations General Assembly held a conference on the reform of the Security Council, and another country proposed to abolish the one-vote veto power in the hands of permanent members.
The reason is that it is more democratic and equal in doing so, turning the resolution into a majority vote.
What makes the Big Five think? There are always people who want to hurt! Do you dare to rebel?
Although it is not stated which country is in the news, it is actually Ukraine. .
Because it is for Russia, so the wicked can only let Russia do it. Vladimir Safronkov, Russia's deputy representative to the United Nations, fought back at the meeting: Russian-Chinese-English-French veto power is the cornerstone of the UN system. The abolition of the veto power will destabilize the United Nations.
To put it plainly, if one veto is cancelled, then the United Nations will collapse.
After the establishment of the United Nations, there have been a few unruly people who were disgruntled but resisted for more than 70 years.
The first challenge to come out was the San Francisco guest: Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie, Australia’s representative Ibat, and New Zealand’s Prime Minister Frazier.
They are all Commonwealth countries, behind which is the British ambassador. At that time, the United Kingdom thought that it had a surplus, and most of the votes had an advantage.
Afterwards, the Soviet Union and the United States became tough and the British conspiracy did not succeed.
There are people backing up in Ukraine by organizing reforms. Since the end of last year, they have been trying to destroy or use the veto power in Russia. The program bypassed.
The United States wants to exert political pressure on Russia in this way in hopes of adopting resolutions favorable to itself in the dispatch of UN peacekeepers in the Donbass conflict zone.
The United States is not trying to veto one voteTo abolish, Ukraine has done a bit too much. To put it further, even if the United Nations is democratic, transferring the power of the Security Council to the General Assembly and achieving the principle of majority adoption can ensure that the United States has an advantage. Many so-called small countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America cannot compete with the United States every day.
For large countries, the United Nations engages in “democracy” and they will also pay extra for the purpose of pulling the votes of small countries. Therefore, democracy is impossible and will last forever. impossible.
In January this year, Pashkov, chairman of the Information Policy Committee of the Russian Federal Council, issued a document saying: “Only Ukrainian foreign ministers and those who do not understand world politics, nor do they Those who understand international law will dream of depriving Russia of its veto power in the United Nations."
One-vote veto power is essentially "a principle of unanimity among major powers". Looking back at the history of the United Nations, you will know that this principle is the existence of the United Nations. Cornerstone.
Great Powers “dictatorship”
The anti-fascist camp realised that "the League of Nations" was in the WWII period. It is a waste. It will only be light and cannot be done.
Japan invaded northeastern China, was not sanctioned by the League of Nations, Italy invaded Ethiopia, and did not impose sanctions until Nazi Germany swept across Europe and everyone had to unite.
Therefore, the idea of establishing a new international collective security organization began to appear.
After Stalingrad defended the war, the direction of World War II has become clear. The vaguely blurred post-war world of American President Roosevelt became clear.
The United States must ensure that leadership in the post-war world is at least the leadership of the capitalist world. Globally, the US’s opponent is the Soviet Union. From the capitalist world, the opponent is Britain.
There was a situation where Roosevelt communicated with Stalin better than Churchill, and Stalin and Roosevelt communicated better than Churchill.
The biggest worry Roosevelt has about the United Nations is not Britain but domestically. After World War I, President Wilson agreed to join the League of Nations, and the result was rejected by Republican lawmakers in Congress, so the United States did notJoin the League of Nations.
After World War II, there are still many “isolationist” people in the United States, but the mainstream voice of the entire bourgeoisie is --expansion. The United States needs a global free trade market, and the United Nations can become a tool to dismantle the Commonwealth trade circle. Therefore, Roosevelt’s concerns are eliminated.
The executive power of the United Nations must be concentrated in the hands of a few permanent members of the Security Council. What the United States has to do is how to gain dominance under the dictatorship system.
Stalin learned of Roosevelt’s idea at the Tehran conference. The United States initially envisioned a republication of the “Three Emperors Alliance” in the Bismarck era. It became the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union.
Stalin accepts this idea and feels good. However, with the approach of World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union are more concerned with the geopolitical environment. How Stalin thought that the Soviet Union was in a weak position. The United States controlled a bunch of countries in the Western Hemisphere and Britain controlled the Commonwealth countries.
Therefore, the Soviet Union needs a special veto, and Churchill pays attention to building a regional structure. Roosevelt eventually rejected the British idea and replaced it with a big country. Authoritarian Centralization International Organization.
At that time, the United States was the world’s largest industrial manufacturing capacity, and the veteran powers were exhausted. Secretary of State Codell Hull recommended Roosevelt, which is the United States. Clearing the best opportunities for global free trade barriers can rule Western markets in one fell swoop (Ghost knows that Trump will come out later)
The US and the Soviet Union have a veto power Consistent, however, Roosevelt feels that the Big Three model still cannot ensure that the United Nations will perform its best service for the benefit of the United States.
In order to ensure that the United States dominated the global dictatorship, Roosevelt took a crucial step: to pull China into a permanent member state and turn it into a Big Four model.
The Chiang Kai-shek vote is always consistent with the United States. No matter how unpopular and unrequited he is, he represents China.
With 2 U.S. votes, the United StatesThe pressure on the country came, and the declining British Empire could no longer make use of the space between the United States and the Soviet Union. It would inevitably fall to the United States, and the United States would have three votes.
Roosevelt’s strategy, Stalin accepted.
First, the United States just wants to monopolize the capitalist trade market, not to eat up Soviet territory.
II. Respecting the geopolitical security interests of the Soviet Union (eg Polish borders) p>
3. Support the major issue of “great powers agree unanimously”. The Soviet Union has one veto.
Instead, Britain was unwilling. In October 1942, when Churchill learned of Roosevelt’s thoughts, he was frightened and angry. He said that Chiang Kai-shek was US voting tools, Roosevelt's "pig tail" (insulting title for China) into the Big Three, is to eliminate the scope of British overseas forces.
British Foreign Minister Aiden also warned Roosevelt if the Communist Party succeeded in the Chinese revolution. But Roosevelt refused to give in.
Then the United Kingdom advanced France into a Big Five model. Utilizing the contradictions between the United States and France to check and balance the United States, stirring up the S-stick is not unrealistic.
Roosevelt strongly opposed France as a permanent member. The United States has not recognized De Gaulle’s government in exile and has only maintained diplomatic relations with the Vichy regime. (Now most historical texts cover this paragraph.)
The United States refused to discuss the United Nations structure at Dunbarton Oak Park until September 1944, when the United States refused to do so. Acknowledge the de Gaulle regime.
Dallas de Gaulle himself did not believe in Britain’s “good intentions.” After the Second World War, when the San Francisco Conference (the establishment of the United Nations) began, France did not want a permanent seat. And rejected the Dunbachton resolution.
But in the late part of the meeting, the United States was forced to abandon the plan to seize French sites (Indochina, Senegal, etc.) when the French stateThe degree of change, joined the big five.
The United Nations feels that the body has been hollowed out because power is concentrated in the Security Council. The Big Five each has a veto. Plainly speaking, it is the naked national factor.
If other countries want to oppose the principle of "universal agreement," unless they withdraw from the United Nations to express their protest, such resistance is weak.
The Importance of a Veto Power
August 21 to October 7, 1944 The Dunbarton Oak Garden Conference was held to complete the drafting of the UN Charter, and 90% of the issues were resolved at this meeting.
The rest is the most critical issue:
I. The UN General Assembly and the Security Council Between the distribution of power issues
Second, the use of veto.
These two issues were resolved at the Yalta meeting in 1945. The decision-making power of major issues rests with the Security Council. The countries involved in conflicts can use the veto power.
Can the conflicting country use the veto? Has been very fierce competition. Now that there is a conflict between Russia and Ukraine, Ukraine is in the position of "Whoever squats? Why sue the officer?", and only Ukraine may impose sanctions, and there is no possibility of sanctions against Russia. To impose sanctions on Russia can only be unilateral.
Why is the one-vote veto power the cornerstone of the United Nations?
The original intention of the United Nations was to avoid international conflicts and resort to force. If a major country does not have a single veto, then with the majority of consents, this will happen:
The Security Council passed A majority of votes sanctioned the United States and decided to establish a no-fly zone in Washington and bomb the Pentagon. The United States has no other alternative than using force to rebel. Is it possible to encircle the United States? Similarly, is it possible to encircle the Soviet Union?
One-vote veto avoids this extreme situation and protects small countries. For example, air strikes the United StatesIt was passed by the Nicaragua that the country is not planning to send troops?
The United States promised to let it flew away. If it did not dare to send troops, why would it engage in democratic procedures?
Small countries are reconciled to the need to balance power between the UN General Assembly and the Security Council. This contradiction is acute. The United States initially wanted to transfer some of the power of the Security Council to the UN General Assembly and reduce the power of the Soviet one-vote veto power.
But in the 1960s, the United States rejoiced that it had not insisted on doing so. After the global colonies had become independent, the third world countries’ ticket advantage was revealed.
Speaking of China, because the veto has been denied, the United States should let the Taiwan authorities steal the seat of the United Nations from China, and Roosevelt is really good for Chiang Kai-shek, including the Ryukyu Islands. As a result, Chiang Kai-shek did not dare.
It was not until 1971 that the seats of the People's Republic of China were restored and the Chiang Kai-shek group was driven away. At this time, China truly has an independent and permanent Security Council status because you have nuclear weapons.
On June 26, 1945, it was the date of signing of the UN Charter. Countries signed in alphabetical order. The charter was escorted by armed soldiers upstairs and locked in a safe. General Secretary Heath escorted and sent it to Washington with a special plane. The safe also had a parachute.
At this time, Roosevelt had passed away. Truman was starting the Cold War and was not satisfied with the charter. Because it limits the possibility of the United States directly interfering in other countries’ internal affairs, the United States can only rely on NGO penetration to interfere in the internal affairs of other countries.
The trouble with Truman is that when the San Francisco Conference was opened in a beaming joy, the U.S. military intelligence agencies intercepted all the telecommunications between their representatives and their home country. The code book for these countries was placed in the office of Deputy Secretary of State Spdiningius. The FBI Secret Police tracked every move in the city.
For such a country in the United States, the banner of morality is held high on the surface, and it is an underdog in secret.
After the charter was inked, Truman was already working to build the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and brought a great blow to the United Nations.
After the founding of the United Nations, there was still a small country from time to time to debate the veto power debate. The Soviet Union then came forward and told this logic to them.
Q: The big country has not received the necessary majority. Does it have to implement the majority resolution?
A. Most countries are generally correct.
Q: What would happen if a major power objected to the majority vote?
A: The majority of votes will not only use peaceful means to sanction big countries but also include means of military force. As a result, the United Nations will be disintegrated and its source of vitality will be lost. .
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the United States became increasingly uncomfortable with the United Nations because the UN's qualifications reflected the sovereignty of each country, while the sovereignty of other countries was in the eyes of the United States. nonexistent.
The problem now is not that the United Nations wants to show authority globally, but that the United States must demonstrate authority in the United Nations and that it is imperative to take membership fees to defame the United Nations.
In the eyes of the United States, it is only an aid. Actually, the vast majority of vetoes in the history of the Security Council are voted by the United States. of.
The decline of the United Nations is a direct result of the expansion of American hegemony. If the "great powers agree unanimously" principle is shaken, the international order will return to an era of gangs and strong foods.
The permanent members of the Security Council have no one-vote veto and the United Nations will surely perish.
Similarly, countries that are pursuing hegemony are also destined to perish.
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