"Kemp" mountain fire, testing is not just emergency ability (bells)

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"Kemp" mountain fire, testing is not just emergency ability (bells)

2018-12-14 10:25:28 235 ℃

This year, under the threat of global warming and extreme weather, frequent mountain fires and emergency response have become a topic of general concern worldwide. Among them, three mountain fires in California in November were particularly eye-catching due to their casualties and property losses. According to preliminary estimates, the amount of insurance claims due to these hill fires is at least $9 billion. Among the three mountain fires, the “Kamp” mountain fire in northern California was the most destructive – it has been raging for more than half a month since November 8, killing 85 people in Northern California, burning 13,972 houses, overheating. The area is over 620 square kilometers.

In recent years, the increasing destructive power of California's mountain fires has caused people to think about it: in the face of sudden natural disasters, how can a national and local government's emergency response mechanism and disaster relief capabilities work at critical moments? , assume the due diligence.

The BBC website sighed when evaluating the "Kamp" mountain fire: "Why can't the world's most powerful country stop the wildfire?" "From the fire of the stars to the seemingly unstoppable Flames... The fire is shining, the smoke is rolling, like the end of the day, is this a natural disaster or a man-made disaster?” The German “Focus” weekly commented that the United States has the world’s top climate research team and the most technologically advanced disaster relief team. The super army can assist in the rescue, however, in the face of a fatal fire, Americans appear to be vulnerable.

In the emergency response process of the "Kamp" mountain fire, mutual accusations and deductions among the various parties are worthy of attention: after the mountain fire, US President Trump issued a blame, "California There is no reason to have such a costly and large-scale deadly mountain fire,” because of “serious mismanagement of forest management”. California's support for deforestation and the environmentally-friendly Democratic Party began to blame each other. Some Republican lawmakers criticized California Governor Brown for vetoing the previous legislation on mountain fires. Brown sighed in response to his criticism. The fire is still burning. It is really shameful to use such a tragedy as his political score.

In fact, hill fire management is one of the long-term challenges facing the United States. In 2014, Francis Fukuyama, a professor of political science at Stanford University in the United States, in the book "Political Order and Political Decline", analyzed the National Forest Service as a typical example of the "political decline" of the United States in relevant chapters. Fukuyama believes that the US National Forest Service has been transformed from a lean, well-targeted professional organization into a large, bloated, budget-intensive political institution that has been tasked with various tasks for more than 100 years, even with conflicting objectives.

From a larger perspective to observe the United States after the natural disaster, people are also surprised to find that disaster relief has intensified wealth inequality between different ethnic groups. A study published jointly by Rice University and the University of Pittsburgh this year pointed out that in the post-disaster reconstruction process after Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane, the white community received more reconstruction from the Federal Emergency Management Agency. Aid, these “eccentric” aids have allowed the assets of white community residents to appreciate, while other ethnic groups can only accept the reality of shrinking wealth.

There is no end to human cognition of the laws of nature. Disaster prevention and mitigation, disaster relief and disaster relief are the eternal issues of human survival and development. Emergency response is a huge system engineering, it is a huge challenge, but it is also a test. Government leadership, national action, policy impartiality, and institutional support can all be revealed in the face of emergency testing.

Editor: Wang Hao