I suddenly want to fight do shit? Don't laugh, is how to solve the urgent problems of the soldiers?2016-07-21 21:30:04 403 ℃
[army martial times] the author: Poplar
As the saying goes, there are three people anxious, once in the stomach began to churn, if can not find the toilet, the taste but will let you instantly feel the life is gloomy. In a strange city, in the spring of the train, on the plugging into a dog free high-speed, I'm afraid many people experience urgency and had to bite the bullet and hold the pain. But the train would sit for a couple of days, strange place by electronic map can probably find the toilet, not very much easier at high speed on the wall, really not only occlusion, place to solve. Fortunately, now is the time for peace, these toss is only a short time, to the home these are not things. But in a hail of bullets and dangerous battlefield, on the toilet every day will some "routine" but it is not so easy a, if not handled properly, disease ridden, combat power is greatly reduced, the battle was lost, life is not guaranteed.
How the toilet on the battlefield this thing, since mankind has war, it has been a need to solve the problem, after all, we all people well, only the most basic needs to meet, only to talk about the fighting force. During the war can be comfortably convenient, is stationed within the castle or the army of the city. Under the protection of the deep pool, the construction of a permanent toilet, is not difficult but also necessary.
Shrinkage in the city defense, due to the relatively small room for maneuver, you have to pay more attention to solve the fouling problem, otherwise, ranging from enemy attack come up. His first because of plague and collapse. The frequent wars, in the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, it has been the practice, but because of China's building for civil engineering structures (rammed earth walls, wood house), then the real hard to survive. Today we can see the, is written "Mozi" and other works. But stool is not completely waste, ancient China had the droppings collected, after heating when weapons to the record, the disgusting things and a nickname - "liquid gold". How to use it? The head of a cast to siege...... Also, can dip in the arrows, once the enemy arrows, even on the spot death, a few days have died due to infection. This effect, it is too biochemical weapons.
Single - toilet English Derby Pei Friel castle, noWater washed, do not clean, because it is "advanced" gravity effect"Toilet - waste directly into the city out of the
There is a stone building in the traditional European, you can see the remains of the Rome period left the toilet, not only looks like today's toilet is similar, but it is really a water flush. At that time there was no paper, it is said to rub the bottom with a sponge, and is still common, my, God Oh....... However, in the strong fortifications under the protection of the defense is not necessarily a good thing, if the long run out of food, may be miserable. In the fifteenth Century BC, "the book of the dead", in particular, to mention the dead in the afterlife "will not eat feces drinking urine", according to historical research, this is the true reflection of the ancient Egyptian siege warfare. In Chinese history, the siege to the people of the food is not rare, similar to the tragic scene of ancient Egypt is also entirely possible - the war really can force people to violate the laws of the extent of the physical.
"Li Weigong was deified as folk" tota kings "of Li Jing, he is TangAt the beginning of well-educated and trained in military exercises military, actual combat experience, for the ancient warThe details of military details are highly reliable.
Ancient under field conditions the toilet problem is relatively flexible, because the field camp is temporary, the flower costs a lot less cost-effective. But this is not to say that there is no rule, in the years of war, the ancients or through the experience summed up a set of norms and principles. From the Tang Dynasty, "Li Wei art of war" on the details of the provisions about the camp health -- each camp to dig a public toilet (the specific forms is not clear, understandable is a deep pit), and emphasizes to choose a location far enough away from the water source and storage of food, from the barracks can not be too close, but not too far away, so as to avoid the toilet of officers and soldiers not faze. In addition, the life of people and livestock waste incineration, seriously ill patients and infectious disease patients to be isolated and other items readily available.
In the Qing Dynasty and the war of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, Zeng Guofan's training for the army to win the final victory, and attention to detail has the very big relations. In order to let basically no what culture Shizu also can understand the how to fight, Zeng Guofan wrote a series of approximations in the song "jingle", in his "a song of triumph," wrote:
The first Camp Camp to look, choose a good hill.
Don't do a low-lying wet land, Tanzania pacific.
The mud stone is not strong, after the collapse of a cylinder.
A camp is only open two doors, the door from outsiders.
Dig around some toilet lest hot smell.
In this first including the marching and fighting the ballad, specially pointed out the "toilet", but what is meant by "good toilet"? Chiang Kai Shek praised highly the Zeng Guofan is also specially explained: "the so-called good toilet, the first pit latrines must be deep, the second is surroundings masking. The third is location to a remote point, and especially close to the kitchen. Because the toilet, will inevitably have to fly, this thing to fly into the kitchen, the micro bacteria powder in the meal, we eat will disease... ".
Coincidentally, in the USA war of independence, Washington also personally intervene in the toilet problem. Due to the near serious in the Continental Army rabble "guerrilla habits and poor health habits cause many of the officers and soldiers sick that Washington had to be specially emphasized that the officers should take the lead in mining qualified toilet, and ordered punishment defecation soldiers. The supreme commander of the ancient and modern, Chinese and foreign are to take care of the details that we take for granted, "toilet", on the battlefield is not trivial.
War and World War II
In modern times, with the development of medical technology and biology, the army's battlefield health problem has been the focus of attention, many specifications have been built, but this does not mean that soldiers in a real battle will be able to ensure the health. Can imagine, hundreds of thousands, hundreds of thousands of people's army, the number of waste generated every day is huge, to really deal with up and not so easy.
In the first World War trench warfare, both sides were fed up with the "toilet" crime. Due to the wild, not in the mobile warfare, soldiers can only stay in the trenches, eat and drink Lazard have solution to the inside, so stretches of the trenches became soldiers "home", just the "home" too bad, especially the toilet in the trenches. The so-called toilet, in fact, is a hole in the trenches of the ground slightly lower than, above the frame on the wooden beams, the soldiers squat in the above solution. If only a few days OK, but for years of confrontation, the original temporary convenience facilities become filled with the filth of the mud and dirt and blood XX, emanating from the odor to suffocating, then mixed to battlefield corpses rotting smell, forming a poison gas and no second, heinous taste that many soldiers to wear gas masks to dare to go to the lavatory. For a long time, encountered cloudy and rainy, "toilet" in the dirt will be anti spill into the trenches, if another a cannonball hit here... This is a horrible scene, you can make up your mind.
"In the" letters from Iwo Jima ", the Japanese officers thought that Xixiang is a coward.On the role of the "latrinerunner" of a toilet bowl. In the volunteer army.In the tunnel, two mountain battle foxholes, toilet problems probably also like electricityIn the shadows.
Due to trench is too dirty, flies and insects from breeding, many soldiers suffering from digestive tract diseases and diarrhea, even exudes stench toilet will be diarrhea have diarrhoea soldiers "day and night" occupation, and lead to the toilet more dirty -- it was a vicious circle, in fact in a war because of poor sanitary conditions and diseases tipped the soldiers are not much lower than on the battlefield to. To improve this situation, you can use in toilet sprinkled the lime, sulfur powder to contend with, but better way only is regularly Qingtao, was assigned to do such a bad job of the people, he was called "latrine runner", why is the runner? Because do this job will have to be faster, one is because the smell, a long time can not stand; second is due to the XX dig trenches to, have to watch for enemy fire, fast point even life can not hold.
"World War II war toilet and a wartime" beam "shapes andNot quite different, sometimes a hole, but also useful wood to build, but alsoThere is a direct solution in the river - the lower left corner is Barton's pee in the Rhine.The indecent photos". Generally speaking, because it is a mobile operation, so the toilet will notThe phenomenon of "hoarding"
During the Second World War, because both sides are given priority to with combat maneuvers, trench confrontation ceased to exist, the soldiers will no longer suffer for incomparable stench toilet on the battlefield to. But this is not to say that the soldiers can be arbitrarily "solve", because who can't run to a kilometer outside to a convenient, most people still in the "near" to go to the lavatory, if we do not take some measures, which easily breed bacteria and flies the dirt will in turn affect the combat effectiveness of the whole team of the branch. On the battlefield in North Africa, the Germans will eat this loss, even Rommel are getting sick, and the influence of the command. British forces to do relatively better, to effectively maintain the health of the soldiers, which with the British this old driver has a long-term experience in the overseas colonial combat.
Modern how to do?
Passage of time, in the modern war in recent years, follow the people-oriented principle, as long as the conditions permit, in developed countries the army camp will install adequate sanitation of temporary toilets. In Iraq and Afghanistan, the U. S. military barracks will be able to find such facilities. The war toilet looks and some of the attractions of the movable toilet is not too big, at least not too dirty, more exquisite and with air conditioning -- and a wartime compared to their predecessors, today's American soldiers is simply squat in heaven.
But under the field conditions, still have to solve the digging, as for how to dig and specification, or as the North African British World War II, the ammunition box transformation into a "toilet", all of this nature is drawn from the campaign year experience. But there is also a type of military personnel, they may be more sensitive to the excretion problem - the sniper. Sniper tend to be in a place where lurking on the long, if if the urgency, and not as an ordinary infantry run as to fix this, most of the time can hold -- in addition to wait for the right time, and can not destroy the hidden reason. Really can not hold back how to do? Can only be in the pants, or in the pants. In actual combat is not in the crime, in addition to the action before the solution, you can also eat special high calorie, low impurities to reduce waste of food production".
In the first Gulf War, perform reconnaissance mission of the British SAS will carry a similar to the above such "drum" (Jerry can, but of course, there will be no such a big 20L), used to do what? Urine loading. This is done in order to keep hidden, mainly to prevent the other dogs to detect, is the army "nothing left" special action rules.
Urinating in the battlefield, in addition to health problems, sometimes become a life-and-death matter the moment. In the TV show "the Pacific", a soldier due to the urgency and ran to the convenient in the mouth of a cave, just took off next trousers is inside the cave suddenly rushed out of the two Japanese kill, the soldier inside and outside anxious only Batui bolted. Although the last Japanese soldiers were killed, but pulled a pair of trousers. The soldiers play but fortunately there are people to help, if alone, probably dead. In fighting bandits in the early period after the founding of new China, cunning bandits also made use of Liberation Army soldiers of the urgency to a surprise attack, causing casualties for the liberation army. To avoid this situation, in addition to more careful, only to follow the group, take turns to facilitate the.
For the air force pilot, the problem may be more difficult to solve some. During World War II, the general pilot's dispatch time is only one to two hours, basically can not consider this issue. But in the cold war, is not it, such as the U-2 like, often dispatched more than a dozen hours, pilot again how can endure, it is impossible to hold so long, so only in flight service efforts, with catheter and a urine bag to solve. While the Soviet Union Su -34 pilot, can only be used to facilitate the urinal more primitive. But in the large transport and bombers, because the space is relatively adequate, or will be designed to use a dedicated toilet.
The U boat on the internal and external toilet toilet
For the submarine soldiers, the toilet is not an easy thing. Take a U-boat during World War II, generally there will be two toilets, but which one will be loaded with supplies (consumed can be vacated use), so the beginning of more than 50 individuals can only use which a toilet, because of the high frequency of use, it is easy to get dirty, the air in the submarine already not fresh, again on such a hair, the smell can be imagined. Flush the toilet still has certain danger in the submarine, could well lead to seawater intrusion. U-1206 is because of careless operation when flushing the toilet and a large number of water, forced to go up, and then sunk by allied aircraft. If the sea safe navigation for a period of time, submariners can also use "outside the toilet", in fact, is a fixed on the rail seat ring, directly into the sea, can also breathe fresh air, enjoy ah!
The most interesting, the astronauts of the "convenience" of the problem. Astronaut's toilet and the toilet is not the same thing. In the case of China's "Shenzhou" spacecraft, astronauts "bathroom" is actually by small vessel two contacts with the body, a long tube, and a urine collecting container, a trash bin and a ventilation device. When in use, astronauts have to use the hand to hold two device below the long tube, and through to the pipe effort, make the whole device close to the body, like upside down with a leather hides. After the astronaut's discharge of urine, the waste will go down into the collecting container with the pipe. The stool is also in contact with the astronauts in the body of the device, which has a special stool band, the astronauts need to use their hands out, directly thrown into the trash.
And a very modern choice -- adult diapers, from the baby supplies "artifact", now also entered the military field, it can let a person in a long time do not have to "pants" and worry, the soldiers used on the future, at least the urination problems is can solve, not in combat in urgency and pain, to ensure the combat effectiveness of the role.
Military health technology now has more progressive, are paid more attention to, but also a lot of various tools and rules, but even so to on the battlefield do not suffer is not easy - for example, wearing diapers, but have loose bowels the how to do? To pull pants also uncomfortable ah....... Therefore, the best or not war. Otherwise, even the toilet so simple thing, let you feel the pain, even to the Qing life.
Last recommended film "Mars rescue", what to say? It's about Damon Matt. How to grow potatoes on Mars, and what about fertilizer, you know, you know.
Sina Technology Era
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