Why was the New Fourth Army founded when he was commander of the army? Jiang Jieshi aways wrong person2017-08-30 18:15:39 270 ℃
Author: Bai Xiaoyuan
(1) the New Fourth Army was difficult to establish
In December 12, 1936, the "Xi'an incident" broke out, and we actively intervened, promoted the peaceful settlement of the incident, and opened the prelude to the two Kuomintang Communist cooperation.
Since February 1937, Zhou Enlai and others have been negotiating with the Kuomintang for half a year in Xi'an, Hangzhou, Mount Lu and other places. In the meantime, the expression of the Anti Japanese joint determination, proposed in July 15, 1937 to cancel the designation, the adaptation of the National Revolutionary Army recommendations. In July 17th, Zhou Enlai and Qin Bangxian met with Jiang Jieshi again at Mount Lu. It is in this context, Jiang Jieshi issued a declaration of resistance.
Caption: Zhou Enlai et al. During the negotiations in Xi'an.
But Jiang did not abandon negotiations with Japan, that promise and then deny in succession. In August 9th, Zhou Enlai and other people flew to Nanjing from Xi'an to negotiate with the Kuomintang again and to negotiate with Chiang on the issues of military reorganization, command and personnel arrangements.
In August 22nd, according to the agreement, the Kuomintang announced that the main force of the Red Army was adapted as the Eighth Route Army of the national revolutionary army. But for the British, Chen Yi and other leaders of the Red Army guerrillas in the reorganization of the south, there are many obstacles and obstacles. After much effort, Jiang Jieshi reluctantly agreed to the requirement that the Red Army guerrillas in the South set up a separate army.
(two) who will be the commander of the army? Chiang Kai Shek miscalculated
During the negotiations, Jiang Jieshi said: "this unit can be established, but the officers must be all appointed by the government."." Zhou Enlai was adamant: "generalissimo Jiang, it's very unreasonable."."
Zhou Enlai repeated negotiations, Jiang Jieshi made concession: "officers from between the two sides of each half, the government officer of any principal, your party as deputy commander, as by agreement between the parties. Since the Kuomintang and the Communist Party are unfit to be captains of the armed forces, appoint a non partisan personage who understands military affairs. You go, and we'll go, find the right person, and talk about setting up this army." Then, go off in a huff.
Jiang Jieshi originally believed that the two sides are impossible to find the right "no party personage" to be the New Fourth Army commander, the establishment of this army must be stranded. What he didn't expect was that Zhou Enlai had already chosen Ye Ting, the northern expedition.
As early as July 1937, when Zhou Enlai went to Mount Lu to negotiate through Shanghai, Pan Hannian arranged a secret meeting with Ye Ting. Zhou Enlai and Ye Ting worked together during the uprising in Nanchang in 1927.
Note: Zhou Enlai took part in a group photo with some of the leaders of the New Fourth Army in southern anhui.
This meeting is very important. Because of the time, but also prevent the enemy. Zhou Enlai told Ye Ting simply and sincerely that he was negotiating with the Kuomintang about the Red Army and the guerrilla reorganization of the eight provinces in the south, and hoped that Ye Ting would come forward to participate in the reorganization and preside over the force. Zhou Enlai also signaled the members, when appropriate to the third theater front commander Chen Cheng try to communicate, to obtain their support for Jiang Jieshi, then agreed to.
See Zhou Enlai so trust yourself, Ye Ting: magnanimous "for the country to fight the enemy, it is what I expected. Now that En Lai has trusted me, I will try to move forward and live up to expectations."
Note: Ye Ting.
Since then, Ye Ting met with Chen cheng. Chen Chengli recommended members, Mr Jiang Jieshi wants. In Chiang's eyes, Ye Ting not only has a strong military talent, but more importantly, he has long since divorced from the Communist Party, and can use Ye Ting's hand to take the southern Red Army guerrillas for their own use. Then, in September 28, 1937, the national government Military Commission issued a bulletin, announced that "the chairman approved, Ye Ting was appointed commander of the new fourth army".
He did not expect, Ye Ting, after the New Fourth Army commander, secretly left Nanjing in late October, and traveled to Yanan, Mao Zedong and other people interviewed.
Ye Ting by Mao Zedong et al. A warm welcome in Yanan, with his "climbing back" and "with vivid metaphor", honest expression of their past one regret, and the future firmly follow the party's determination to end the war.
Note: the New Fourth Army established, held Anti Japanese swearing.
(three) the resignation of the commander
After the New Fourth Army was founded, it was led by Ye Ting and British leader. Because the two often make contradictions, and the line is different, leading to the development of troops is not smooth. At the same time, the Eight Route Army expanded 3.5 times, the New Fourth Army expanded 1 times; the Eight Route Army opened up a dozen bases behind enemy lines, and the New Fourth Army only had one.
Yanan analysts believe that the New Fourth Army has two major problems to be solved. First, Xiang Ying knew little about the principle of "independence and autonomy" in the United Front, and was not vigilant about the Kuomintang die hards and did not resolutely implement the policy of the new fourth army. Two Xiang Ying is not a lack of respect for the relationship between the party organization Ye Ting, Ye Ting to carry out the work, also led Ye Ting to the party to resign, leaving the command of Yunling to Hongkong, in Guangdong area of Huizhou Anti Japanese guerrilla organization.
Jiang Jieshi learned that after Ye Ting left, many sarcastic remarks that even Ye Ting can not cooperate with you, no one will cooperate with you, but also said to be the New Fourth Army commander.
Under this situation, Zhou Enlai visited the new fourth army. The spring of 1939, Zhou Enlai tried to find Ye Ting, advised him to go to the Chongqing commune, and then from Chongqing to send Ye Ting back to yunling.
In February 16, 1939, Zhou Enlai and Ye Ting arrived in Guilin, after the North Hunan Guangxi railway, February 23rd arrived at the headquarters of the New Fourth Army yunling.
Zhou Enlai in more than 20 days in southern Anhui, repeatedly listening to the New Fourth Army report, put forward three principles: the development of the New Fourth Army "which place empty, to which local development; where danger is to create new areas of activity to which we place; where only the Japanese puppet army, no friendly parties to play, where we."
Note: Zhou Enlai and Ye Ting in the Qing Yijiang bamboo raft.
(four) leaves a feud, when Zhou Enlai ""
On the relationship between the leaves, Chen Yi in the "work report" from 1938 to 1943. Xiang Ying said, "the members do not respect and trust, let alone the military work has been arranged to the battlefield command".
In fact, in the implementation of the Party committee system of the New Fourth Army, the British power of no one can, he is the six elected political bureau of the CPC, but also southeast branch and branch secretary. As non party military cadres, Ye Ting in the New Fourth Army status is awkward, unable to participate in Party committee decision-making, he made the decision without Xiang Ying nod is invalid. In this way, the contradiction between the leaf items is inevitable.
Note: Xiang ying.
Xiang Ying's military does not respect members, life is also quite critical. Ye Ting love riding horse adjutant, inspected the troops, with the attendant, was a big help, a British love pomp, so he thinks Ye Ting Love official, old warlord pies, does not comply with the officers and soldiers of the Red Army uniform style. Members love to wear leather jackets, suits and other civilian clothes, rarely wear dark grey standard army uniforms, a British shaved head, both winter and summer, the new fourth army uniforms not down. Ye Ting alone to eat special treatment, but also bring the chef from Guangdong, also arranged for some non Party cadres to the headquarters office, etc.. Xiang Ying thought it was not the proletariat's style.
Because of leaf item not, Zhou Enlai another important task to South Anhui, is to mediate leaf item relation.
Note: Zhou Enlai, Xiang Ying, Ye Ting in the south of the New Fourth Army photo.
He said to Xiang Ying, "the Central Committee believes that Ye Ting, as a non party personage, is conducive to the unity of the Kuomintang and the Communist Party, and that it is only temporary. If he does not consider this, his party membership problem can be easily solved."." He also pointed out that the serious, "the unity of members is the key internal unity, this is a big thing, if not handled properly, will make a mistake."
For Zhou Enlai's patience persuasion mediation, a British accepted, military leaders meeting and chaired by Zhou Enlai in more than 10000 words, made a self-criticism, offered to military command, military cadres arranged over to Ye Ting.
Note: Zhou Enlai took part in a group photo with some of the leaders of the New Fourth Army in southern anhui.
Since then, Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai in the message in English repeatedly reminded to respect members, deal with two people, unity is sincere words and earnest wishes make painstaking efforts.
Later, the new fourth army suffered heavy losses in the southern Anhui Incident, although there were many factors, but the contradiction between the leaf and the item was an important reason.
(original copy of this number, without permission, please do not reprint)
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