India threatened that China would not dare to play, and Mao Zedong made a strong statement, sweeping it!"2017-09-11 23:27:23 134 ℃
In June this year, the well-known "cave Lang incident" occurred, and India border guards entered the territory of China in the Sikkim section of the Sino Indian border, forming a standoff between China and India lasting two months. It was not until August 28th, when the authorities confirmed that all the Indian troops had been withdrawn, the invasion ended.
This brings many people to think of the Sino Indian War in 1962, and the conflict between the "fear and sorrow" incident will bring about another war between the two countries. Although the diplomatic way successfully resolved, but temporary peace would last can make nothing of it is not determined never again, India is now in the provocation, especially fanatical nationalist Modi under the leadership of India, the "ambition" had to be vigilant.
Today, you might as well look back on the war between China and india. In the face of the then founding Prime Minister of India, Nehru threatened that China would not dare to fight, and how chairman Mao Zedong fought "war against war" and commanded the Chinese army to win the war.
50 years ago, the India government outrageously provoked a massive erosion Chinese war, forced a short and limited self-defense war China government, and a retreat. The counterattack was fought on the Kunlun Mountains in the so-called "roof of the world" and on the south side of the Himalaya Range. The region is rugged, harsh climate, sparsely populated and inaccessible. The harsh natural conditions and geographical conditions have a serious impact on operations, and the hardships of operations are rare. The Sino Indian border self-defense campaign began in October 20, 1962 and ended in November 21st.
Mao Zedong's defiance of India, patience and forbearance
As early as the beginning of the founding of the friendly relationship between China and India, even in years, India has also had some unfriendly. In 1951, while the China India war on the occasion, to seize the eastern border "McMahon line" to the south of the 90 thousand square kilometers of territory China, then occupied the middle part of Chinese border territory. After hearing the news, Mao Zedong out of the traditional friendship between China and India and fundamental interests, the Indian trouble has maintained restraint and patience.
However, the authorities in India have turned a deaf ear to this, and after a brief silence, they began a new round of action against Chinese territory.
Indian and Chinese troops confront the border
In November 1959, the Chinese government's top executive meeting was held in Hangzhou. The meeting was attended by Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoji, Zhou Enlai, Peng Zhen and others. The main question is how to avoid the Sino Indian border conflict.
The bloodshed by the first meeting of the general staff of the Leiyingfu report for a period of time since the Sino Indian border continue to occur. Leiyingfu report said that the Sino Indian border of our officers and men to furious degree. Then, he submitted the general staff and the Ministry of foreign affairs jointly study to avoid the Sino Indian border conflict. Several measures such as not to hit the first shot, not to fight back and so on. Mao Zedong listened to the report, looking respectfully, not stop smoking.
When Leiyingfu said some forces are difficult to avoid that conflict, Mao Zedong held the end of the cigarette, said: "some of our comrades after decades of war, but also do not know such a basic truth: all day long nose to nose and the armies of the frontier soldiers stood there, hands are holding a gun, pull the trigger and the bullet will kill people, how can avoid conflict?" Therefore, he proposed the implementation of apartheid, both sides retreated 20 km, such as India do, I unilaterally retreat.
At the Hangzhou meeting, according to Mao Zedong's proposal, the central government established a separation policy to avoid border conflicts. Chinese government unilaterally ordered the army to retreat 20 kilometers within two years after the India army not only no convergence, but the attack to Chinese territory become aggravated.
Mao Zedong decided to fight the war"
In October 18, 1962, the enlarged meeting of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee was held at the Church of the year. After Zhou Enlai reported on the Sino Indian border conflict and all aspects of the response in the general staff and the Ministry of foreign affairs Lei Yingfu, Qiao Guanhua think we should immediately counterattack in self-defense.
After listening to Zhou Enlai's speech, Mao Zedong said: "over the years, we have adopted many measures to seek peaceful settlement of the border issue between China and India, and India will not do it.". They deliberately provoke armed conflict, and intensified, it is That's going too far. Since Nehru fought, that we only fight, It is impolite not to reciprocate. Perhaps we can fight back, and the border can be settled, and the peaceful settlement of the border issue can be achieved. But our counter attack is merely a warning of the nature of punishment. It is simply a matter of telling Nehru and the government of India that it is impossible to solve the border problem by military means."
Mao Zedong sights on the commander of the Tibet military area command Zhang Guohua: "I heard that India's armed forces still have some fighting capacity, we beat, won't win?"" Zhang Guohua replied, "win the game. Please rest assured that we will win."."
Mao Zedong said, "maybe we can't win. There's no way.". Win do not groan, but we have no skill. The worst outcome is that the India army invaded our country and led Tibet. But Tibet is the sacred territory of China, which is known to all and is unalterable and unalterable." Mao Zedong stressed that our army is not the same Indian army combat experience, must not be careless, careful deployment.
The enlarged Standing Committee of the Political Bureau agreed to counter attack plans jointly formulated by the general staff and the Tibet military region, and agreed to fight back in October 20th. The central leadership for our army in the active position in politics, to self-defense counterattack provides four principles: first, our army hit Himalaya Range, the eagle's nest than in Yamaguchi, Yamaguchi, Yamaguchi Moggi stopped; two is the initiative to withdraw to the line of actual control to the north; the three is the active exchange of prisoners the four is returned to active weapons.
Zhang Guohua, commander of the Tibet military area command, will return to Tibet and command operations, and Mao Zedong and the leaders concerned have summoned him. Mao Zedong used to love that Nehru did not dare to touch Chinese threatened to beat him, he called Zhang Guohua into a huge military map, mark pointing to the map of the India stronghold. Suddenly swung his arm and said in a loud voice. "Sweep it."!"
Chinese frontier forces in counter Indian counterattack
The Chinese army won over the Indian Army
7:30 on October 20, 1962, the East just breaking, the Indian army positions down our pla artillery barrage was to invade kechilang." At 9:30, the first stronghold of the Indian army was captured. By 8 p. m., the battle of the long battle ended.
In just over a month, Zhang Guohua's two campaigns and sporadic battles were won. 3 enemy brigades, captured the Indian army brigadier ace Darvill and another brigade brigadier general Singer, killed, captured more than 7000 people. After two stages of fighting, our troops annihilated the vast majority of the Indian army, the 3 brigades and the 5 brigades.
In our army basically reach the border of traditional line when Zhou Enlai suggested to Mao Zedong: "in order to give peace talks due to favorable conditions, we prepared a ceasefire in place, the troops retreated." Mao Zedong replied: "I can see that a ceasefire in place, away, we let them a little, also see the sincerity of the negotiations."
At 24 p. m. in November 21, 1962, Chinese troops on the Sino Indian border received orders from Mao Zedong to sign an active ceasefire. Therefore。 At 0:00 on November 22nd, Chinese army cease-fire, from December 1st began to take the initiative to retreat to the line of actual control in November 7, 1959 20 kilometers.
The campaign, which lasted for only one month, fought hard against India's expansionist ambitions, safeguarded the dignity of the motherland, and brought decades of peace to the border between China and india.
This article is selected from: Global Vision
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