Bai Chongxi's proposal in 1947 may be the only chance for the army to change its destiny.

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Bai Chongxi's proposal in 1947 may be the only chance for the army to change its destiny.

2019-01-13 09:02:26 130 ℃
< p > < br > < / P > < img SRC = "/ 1ydzximg / 0L43ZyL2eP" / > < p > < br > < / P > < p > 1947, Liu Deng's army leaped thousands of miles into the Dabie Mountains and formed a zigzag with Chen Su and Chen Xie. The Chinese army was no longer standing in the Central Plains. In addition, in the first year of the Liberation War, more than one million mobile troops were eliminated and forced to shift from comprehensive offensive to comprehensive defense. At that time, Bai Chongxi was Minister of Defense and Chen Cheng was Chief of Staff. In terms of command ability, of course, Bai Chongxi was much higher than Chen Cheng. However, the chairman preferred Chen Cheng, believing that Chen Cheng was faithful and reliable, unlike Bai Chongxi, who had too many hearts to defend against. Therefore, the military command power is mainly concentrated in Chen Cheng's hands, while Bai Chongxi's defense minister is just an empty shelf and does not direct the army. At that time, the situation of the national army changed, and the Central China region was threatened by Liu Deng's army. The Chairman had no choice but to agree that Bai Chongxi, in the name of the advancing command post of the Ministry of National Defense, would go to Jiujiang to command the troops in the Central China region. Bai Chongxi believed that the PLA had shifted the focus of its attack to the Central Plains at that time. Therefore, it was necessary to unite the forces of East China and Central China to command and coordinate operations. But the chairman was always wary of Bai Chongxi. He did not trust Bai Chongxi. He refused to give the command of the East and Central China troops to Bai Chongxi. In Xuzhou, he set up another suppression general. By the second half of 1948, after the end of the Jinan Campaign, the situation in East China had changed dramatically, and it was very critical. At that time, the generals and commanders of the National Army believed that it was better for Bai Chongxi to assume the post of Commander-in-Chief of Central China's suppression and to command the troops in East China in a unified manner. At first, Bai Chongxi agreed, but soon repented. Why? Du Yiming thinks that Bai Chongxi believes that the situation in East China is irreversible and is unwilling to go to the battlefield of East China to back up the pan as chairman. However, Song Xilian believed that Bai Chongxi did not mean that, but because Bai Chongxi believed that this was a good time to overthrow Chiang Kai-shek. Only when the battlefield in East China is defeated, the three corps of Huangpu, Qiu Qingquan, Li Mi and Sun Yuanliang, on the battlefield in East China, are eliminated, and the chairman has no capital, can he completely admit defeat. Therefore, Bai Chongxi refused to go to East China.


Bai Chongxi does not go to East China. Chairman and Gu Zhutong and He Yingqin consult and discuss. Finally, the choice between the two candidates is Liu Zhi and Jiang Dingwen. But Gu Zhutong believed that Jiang Dingwen's gambling day and night was totally unreasonable and could not let him go. Therefore, Liu Zhi, the best general, was chosen in the end. But everyone knows that at such a critical juncture, it is unreasonable to hand over the command of the Jianghuai decisive battle to Liu Zhi. We must arrange another effective deputy for him. I have also considered two candidates, one is Du Yiming and the other is Song Xilian. At first, I considered Song Xilian, but later I decided to use Du Yiming.

Du Yuming has also put forward a radical counter-offensive plan, which is to take Xuzhou as the center and arrange the four corps of Qiu Qingquan, Li Mi, Sun Yuanliang and Huang Baitao along Longhai Road to prepare for the counter-offensive against Jinan. The first step is to take Jining. When the four regiments had begun their operations, Du Yiming was also ready to show his fists and feet. The situation in the Northeast was critical. Jinzhou was broken by the four fields, and the passageway for the Northeast Army to retreat into the Pass was blocked. So the chairman urgently took Du Yiming to the northeast, and the four Corps on Longhai Road were neglected, and Liu Zhi did not know what to do. When Du Yuming organized Hou Jingru Corps to withdraw from Huludao, Huang Baitao Corps on Longhai Road was surrounded by Huaye. When Du Yuming returned to Huaihai battlefield, Huang Baitao Corps had been annihilated, and the situation of the national army in the battlefield of East China was worse. After Huang Baitao's regiment was encircled, the chairman ordered Qiu Qingquan and Li Mi's regiments to rescue Huang Baitao, and on the one hand, the Huang Wei's regiment in the middle of China moved eastward. At that time, Bai Chongxi did not obstruct the eastward March of the Huangwei Corps excessively, but tried to keep the 85th Army, which had been assigned to the Huangwei Corps, in central China. However, at the repeated request of the Chairman, the 85th Army was eventually released. When the 85th Army rushed to East China to join the main forces of the Huangwei Corps, the Huangwei Corps had gradually fallen into the encirclement of the Central Plains Field Army. As a result, the Huang Wei Corps failed to rescue the Huang Baitao Corps and was besieged in a double-stack. Following the siege of the Huangwei Corps, the chairman of the Committee ordered Li Yannian Corps to go north and agreed with Du Yiming to give up Xuzhou's opinion and withdraw Qiu Qingquan, Li Mi and Sun Yuanliang Corps from Xuzhou to rescue Huangwei Corps. As a result, not long after Huangwei Corps was surrounded, by December 6, Du Yiming Group was surrounded by East China Field Army. At this time, it is really time to decide the fate of the Party and the state, and the chairman can only deploy troops everywhere. On the one hand, the interview plan persuaded Fu Zuoyi to go south. On the other hand, the interview plan deployed one of Hu Zongnan's troops from northwest China to the battlefield of East China. On the other hand, Song Xilian ordered the 14th Corps of Western Hubei to move eastward as soon as possible.

The headquarters of Song Xilian Corps is located in Shashi City, western Hubei Province. Its original task was to defend the western part of Hubei Province in order to prevent the PLA from crossing the river from northwest Hubei and entering Sichuan. At this time, since the PLA had to transfer to the east, it had to first go to Wuhan, then ship to Nanjing, and then go north to rescue Huangwei Corps and Du Yiming Group. But by this time, Bai Chongxi had made up her mind not to let the 14th Corps move eastward. Nanjing has thought about many ways, discussed air transport methods, also discussed from Hankou to Changsha by train, then to Zhejiang-Jiangxi line to Shanghai, then to Nanjing, and then to the north, but the results of the discussion are unreliable, or shipping. Chairman Bai Chongxi finally agreed. As a result, the Ninth Division of the Second Army of the 14th Regiment has arrived in Hankou. When preparing to board the ship, Bai Chongxi ordered the men to take his guard regiment to the dock to control the ship and not allow it to board. In this way, the 14th Regiment was not completed. For this reason, the chairman and Bai Chongxi had a big argument on the phone, accusing Bai Chongxi of being a warlord, while Bai Chongxi retorted with sarcasm, and transferred all the troops to East China. What can I do to protect the Great Wuhan and what can I do to cover the Southwest?


Bai Chongxi's plan at this time? Force Chiang Kai-shek to step down and then conduct peace talks. Not only did he not allow the 14th Corps to transfer to the east, but he also talked with Song Xilian for many times, drew Song Xilian together, led by Song Xilian, organized the Whampoa generals to communicate with each other and forced Jiang to step down. However, Song Xilian, as chairman of the committee, is still loyal to Bai Chongxi. After talking with him, he rushed to find the head of the Secret Bureau in China and said that, he slipped back to Shashi and actually broke away from Bai Chongxi's control. After that, the remaining troops of Bai Chongxi in Central China were actually only Zhang Yi's Corps, Chen Mingren's 72 Army and some local security teams. But before the end of the Huaihai Campaign, the senators from Henan and Hubei, under the direction of Bai Chongxi, jointly called on the chairman to abdicate and hold peace talks. Shortly after the end of the Huaihai Campaign, the Chairman of the CPC went out of the field. In retrospect, if factional interests are not taken into account, from a purely military point of view, Bai Chongxi proposed in 1947 to unify the Central and Eastern China brigades to form a relatively large strategic mobile corps and coordinate operations, which is far-sighted. At this time, the PLA, the Central Plains Field Army and the East China Field Army are still fighting for each other. Although they have strategic cooperation and cooperation, by the time the Huaihai Campaign was launched, the Central Plains Field Army and the East China Field Army had been under the unified leadership of the General Front Committee, which meant that they had taken the lead in completing the preparations for battle coordination and could concentrate their forces and cooperate with each other. In this way, when Huaye encircled and annihilated the Huang Baitao Corps, Zhongye would make every effort to hold the Huang Wei Corps, and immediately after the three fields ended the encirclement and annihilation of Huang Baitao, the troops would be drawn to participate in the encirclement and annihilation of the Huang Wei Corps. Conversely,

If before the Huaihai Campaign, the Chairman could ignore the past suspicions and, as Bai Chongxi had thought, give Bai Chongxi the unified command of the Central and East China armies instead of dividing them into two different command systems, the Huaihai Campaign would not be so easy to fight. If this situation occurs, it will be equivalent to about 600,000 people in Huaye and Zhongye, who need to deal with Song Xilian Corps, Huangwei Corps, Qiu Qingquan Corps, Li Mi Corps, Sun Yuanliang Corps, Huang Baitao Corps, Li Yannian Corps, and the troops under the Appeal Office of Liu Ruming and Feng Zhian in Central and Eastern China at the same time. The number of troops is quite large, at least in quantity, the national army will remain. But it's in a dominant position. However, because of the selfishness of the chairman, he failed to achieve the unification of force concentration and command, and the failure of the Huaihai Campaign was inevitable.