How much did the great war of resisting US aggression and aiding Korea cost in three years?

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How much did the great war of resisting US aggression and aiding Korea cost in three years?

2019-01-22 17:28:32 59 ℃
The War of Resistance Against America and Aid Korea was the first anti-aggression war in the history of New China. It took two years and nine months from 19 October 1950, when the Chinese People's Volunteer Army crossed the Yalu River, to 27 July 1953, when the Korean Armistice Agreement was signed. This battle has greatly enhanced the international prestige of the People's Republic of China and laid the foundation for the important position of New China in Asian and international affairs. It has made the whole world have to look at us as an oriental power. Its significance is so great that it can be called the war of founding a nation.

This war is also the first real modern war experienced by the PLA after its founding, and the most typical war to defeat the strong enemy by relying on inferior equipment. Although the weapons and equipment of the volunteer army are at a disadvantage, the number of troops participating in the war is unprecedented in the history of the Chinese People's Liberation Army. There are 27 infantry units and one division participating in the war successively: 25 army units and one division directly participating in the first-line operations; 10 ground artillery divisions and 18 regiments; 5 anti-aircraft artillery divisions and more than 10 regiments and 60 independent battalions; 3 armored tank divisions of the air force; Fighter Aircraft Air Force 10 divisions and 1 regiment, bomber Aircraft Force 3 brigades, as well as radar, searchlight units for the air force and anti-aircraft artillery units combat services.

There are also 10 divisions of railway soldiers and a railway corps supporting North Korea, 15 regiments of engineers are responsible for emergency repair of Railways and highways, new construction and various engineering support tasks, and 2 Public Security divisions are responsible for rear guards and air defense posts on highways. The total number of volunteers trained in the war amounted to 2.9 million.

As we all know, when the new China was just established, the economy was extremely difficult, so it is not too bad to describe it as "a mess full of holes". But in order to protect the country, this battle has to be fought. To this end, the state has mobilized its economy and raised a total of 6.2 billion yuan to ensure the victory of the War of Resistance Against the United States and Aid Korea. Among them, 2.8 billion yuan was spent on purchasing weapons, 2.1 billion yuan was spent on supplementing combat expenditure and 1.3 billion yuan was spent on military regular activities. Expenditures on combat costs accounted for 37.09% of the total three-year combat costs in 1951, and 43.93% from October 1950 to the end of the year. This is due to the fact that after the volunteers went abroad, they carried out five large-scale battles in succession, which resulted in heavy material losses and special needs.

Volunteer Army transferred to position defensive operations in 1952, and the situation was relatively stable. Only limited-target position counterattack warfare and Shangganling defensive warfare were carried out from September to November, with combat expenditure accounting for only 25.38%. In 1953, in order to smash the enemy's attempt to land at risk, further consolidate the position, expand the results of war and promote truce negotiations, the volunteer army carried out large-scale spring and summer counter-landing preparations and counter-attack campaigns. The expenditure of funds and materials was huge. Although the combat time of the army was not long, the combat expenditure accounted for 30.69% of the total combat expenditure. What is the concept of

6.2 billion yuan? During the three years from 1951 to 1953, the total state financial expenditure was 518.6 billion yuan, and the war expenditure of resisting the United States and aiding the DPRK accounted for 11.95% of the total state financial expenditure. In 1952, the price of a ton of pork was 920 yuan, the price of a ton of beef was 830 yuan, and the price of a ton of kerosene was 900 yuan.