Why should the Central Military Commission approve the new airport in Ruijin, Jiangxi? The reason is here.2019-04-01 11:24:54 356 ℃
A few days ago, Jiangxi official information disclosed that Ruijin Airport was approved by the State Council and the Central Military Commission. The new Ruijin Civil Airport is a domestic branch airport. The news of
aroused the curiosity of Zheng Knowing (Wechat ID: upolitics). Why does a new civil airport in a county-level city need to be approved by the Central Military Commission? Is this related to the history of the old Ruijin Revolutionary Area?Zheng Zhizhi interviewed civil aviation practitioners and found that the answer was not the same. So, what procedures do we need to go through to build a new airport in our country?
In fact, not only Ruijin Airport, but also the government found that many airports had obtained the approval documents jointly developed by the State Council and the Central Military Commission before the start of construction. As a local civil airport, why should we obtain the approval and consent of the Military Commission beforehand?
In this regard, the above insiders disclosed to the government: "When an airplane goes to the sky, it must be regulated and managed, not fly at will, but must have a prescribed concept of passage and airspace. For example, as we all know, there is a no-fly zone over the central area of Beijing, and no aircraft can enter it. At present, China's military carries out airspace management functions. When it comes to airspace issues, they are generally checked and approved by relevant departments such as the Central Military Commission's Air Traffic Control Committee. The establishment of a new civil airport, whether passenger or cargo aircraft, will inevitably bring about new fixed routes. The airspace issues involved must be approved and approved by the Central Military Commission.
Civil aviation and navigational airports are different
, so are all airports established through the above steps? The answer is not so absolute.
The above-mentioned people also reminded the government that not all airports need such a process of approval by the Military Commission. "Airports with fixed routes, cross-regional and high flying altitudes certainly need the approval of the Central Military Commission for construction, but those with lower flying altitudes do not need such airports as navigation airports and landing points." According to the data of
, civil airports can be roughly divided into civil aviation airports and navigable airports.< p> The so-called civil aviation airport is a large-scale air transport airport, serving passengers, cargo, mail and so on. The takeoff and landing planes generally fly at altitudes of more than 5,400 meters and at speeds of 700 km/h. They travel between regions and cities with fixed time routes.
and general aviation mainly serves the society, carrying out such tasks as protecting agriculture and forestry, emergency rescue and forest fire fighting. The takeoff and landing aircraft flies at altitudes below 1000 meters and speeds 300 kilometers per hour. Aircraft operations generally need to fly maneuverably according to the nature of the mission, without fixed routes, but navigable missions have pre-defined flight areas, which can only fly within the specified areas and altitudes.
The above-mentioned people said that the navigation flight mission also plays an important role in emergency rescue and social construction, but the lack of China's navigation airport and pilot needs to promote development. Therefore, the current approval process for navigable airports is trying to simplify. "There is a significant difference in flight altitude between civil aviation airport and airport takeoff and landing aircraft, but it should be noted that the need for the approval of the Military Commission is not only highly relevant." How many steps will the new airport take?
Finally, the industry introduced the general process of the new airport to Zhengzhi (Wechat ID: upolitics).
- Firstly, it is necessary to determine the airport location and submit a report to the State Council and the Central Military Commission for approval after basic demonstration;
- secondly, it is necessary to make a feasibility study report after the approval and consent of the State Council and the Central Military Commission. Feasibility study involves the scale of airport construction, throughput after operation, cost and revenue expectations, as well as the impact on land, environmental protection and social stability. Generally speaking, airports are mostly key projects of the state, and relevant reports need to be submitted to the NDRC for approval; < li> Thirdly, after getting the approval of the NDRC system, a series of permit documents can be applied for in theory; < li> < strong> Finally, through the refinement of the construction plan, we can enter the stage of construction. In addition to
, Zheng knows that the source of funds for the construction of the airport also determines the approval process to a certain extent.
The above-mentioned persons submit the research report to the development and reform system as an example. If the state invests in the construction, that is to say, the state spends money, then they need to submit to the National Development and Reform Commission for retaliation; if the local investment, then they can submit to the provincial development and reform department. "There is another case, if it is enterprise investment, do not need to spend government money, then only need to go to the local development and reform department for the record."
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