The battle for the moon has started! Russia: Establishing the lunar base in 2036

Home > Sci-Tech

The battle for the moon has started! Russia: Establishing the lunar base in 2036

2019-01-04 00:22:44 15 ℃

At present, the progress of the Chinese lunar exploration project is in full swing and it is very smooth. In May of this year, the relay communication satellite "Bengqiao", which helped the "嫦娥4" to perform the mission on the back of the moon, was successfully launched at the Xichang Launch Center in China, which opened the "嫦娥4" carrying the robot and entered the moon. The prelude to the back. If the plan is unchanged, "嫦娥4" will be launched at the Xichang Launch Center on December 8. At that time, "嫦娥4" will be the first human detector to land on the back of the moon. It is estimated that by 2019, China will drop "嫦娥5" to the moon for surface and send surface samples back to Earth.

Figure 1 The lunar exploration is the stage for the great powers to show strength

and Russia is also eyeing The moon. Russia's latest space development plan emphasizes that conducting missions on the moon is the primary goal of the program. Russia decided to complete the deployment of the space base on the moon from 2036 to 2040, and became the first country to establish a base on the moon, and deployed an observatory around the base. As early as March of this year, the Russian National Aerospace Group emphasized that the "Lunar 25" detector was successfully delivered to the moon as early as 2019, thus opening a new journey for lunar exploration. Earlier, the Moscow Space Research Institute expert Iger called the "Lunar 25" to be launched in 2017. So far, Russia has not carried out any lunar exploration mission for forty years.

Figure 2 Russia is also eager to explore the moon

Before, facing financial difficulties and technical constraints Russia has always been optimistic about cooperation with space projects in China. In June 2016, Russia and China signed an agreement on the peaceful use of space and sounding technology between the two countries. The agreement entered into force at the end of the year. In November 2017, Russia and China also signed a space cooperation agreement involving space exploration missions. China also indicated that in the near future, an AI-controlled outer space base will be established on the moon.

In addition to China and Russia, the lunar exploration project led by the Indian Space Research Organization "Yuechuan No. 2" was scheduled to be launched in May this year, but the launch was postponed for various reasons, or will be launched as early as 2019. When it is launched, its progress in lunar exploration is far behind China. "Yuechuan No. 2" is mainly responsible for landing on the surface of the moon for surface exploration and analysis. Its core original is made in Russia; Japan's "Lunar Investigation Intelligent Lander", which has already cost nearly US$13 billion, will also be launched in 2019. The lunar landing collected surface information; the United States announced the resumption of the lunar exploration program last year, and appointed the new NASA director to re-launch the moon; South Korea also plans to use the US rocket to test it. The lunar orbit satellite "is being sent to the moon and is expected to be launched in 2020.

Figure 3 India also joins the ranks of competition

The moon is the closest space object to the Earth, above Rich in high-quality resources, the moon itself is a springboard for humans to explore into deep space. Faced with such advantages, in the future, more and more countries with space exploration capabilities will use the moon as a focus of exploration and competition, and even set off a new round of space military competition. (blade)