National Health Department: Up to 2025, the pure breastfeeding rate is more than 50% in 6 months.2021-11-25 00:03:49 43 ℃
According to CCTV news client news, breastfeeding is of great significance for promoting infant growth and development, reducing the risk of maternal and child disease, and improving maternal and child health. In order to implement the "Health China 2030" Plan "," Health China Action (2019-2030) "and" National Nutrition Program (2017-2030) ", safeguarding the implementation of planning policy, maintaining maternal and child rights, promoting breastfeeding, Recently, the National Health Committee issued a notice on Promoting and Promoting Frequency Promotion Action Plan (2021-2025).
The "Notice" requires that by 2025, the knowledge of maternal breastfeeding core knowledge is more than 70%; the maternal breastfeeding support rate of maternal and child families reached more than 80%; medical institutions set up breastfeeding consultations or pregnant nutritional outpatients. Continuously improvement; maternal and child facilities in public places reached more than 80%; all employers in which they should be equipped with maternal and child facilities have basically completed standardized maternal and child facilities; the pure breastfeeding rate in 6 months reached more than 50%.
Breastfeeding Promotion Action Plan (2021-2025)
Breastfeeding is of great significance for promoting infant growth and development, reducing the risk of maternal and child disease, and improving maternal and child health. In order to implement the "Health China 2030" Plan "," Health China Action (2019-2030) "and" National Nutrition Program (2017-2030) ", safeguarding the implementation of planning policy, maintaining maternal and child rights, promoting breastfeeding, Develop this action plan.
I. Target requirements
To meet the growing beauty of the people, it is fundamental to enhance maternal and child health, strengthen publicity education, service supply and policy planning, maintain maternal and child rights, strengthen the breastfeeding system, and further enhance the breastfeeding level.
- By 2025, the breastfeeding promotion mechanism, support for breastfeeding, and service networks, and place facilities, support for breastfeeding, and facilities, support for breastfeeding, and facilities. The public acquiring breastfeeding knowledge is diverse, healthy literacy is significantly improved, breastfeeding guidance service scientific norms, mother scientific feeding proactive action, family members and employers actively support, breastfeeding rates continue to improve.
- By 2025, the knowledge of maternal breastfeeding core knowledge is more than 70%; the maternal breastfeeding support rate of maternal and child family reached more than 80%; the proportion of medical institutions set up breastfeeding consultations or pregnant nutritional outpatients continuously; The maternal and child facilities in public places have reached more than 80%; all employers that should be equipped with maternal and child facilities have basically complemented a standardized maternal and child facility; the pure breastfeeding rate has reached more than 50% in six months.
Second, the main task
(1) Communicate scientific knowledge and vigorously carry out breastfeeding publicity and education.
1. Fully carry out social publicity. Take advantage of traditional media and new media, all-round multi-level vigilance to promote breastfeeding publicity and education, and promote the importance of the public to fully understand breastfeeding. Combined with important time nodes such as "Breastfeeding Week", organize theme publicity activities, popularize breastfeeding scientific knowledge and skills, and improve the health of the public, and create a good atmosphere that supports breastfeeding in the whole society.
2. Strengthen health education for target population. Innovative health education methods and vectors, for pre-pregnancy, pregnancy, postpartum, etc. Strengthening parents and raising people is the concept of protecting the first responsible person of child health, creating breastfeeding family atmosphere, guiding mother to firmly breastfeeding beliefs, family members from nutrition, psychology, etc., to support new mothers to achieve breastfeeding.
3. Popularize the core of breastfeeding. Guide the maternal and child family to establish a scientific feeding concept to form a scientific feeding behavior. In the first 6 months of the baby, pure breastfeeding, 6 to 24 months of infants, encouraged mother to continue breastfeeding while scientifically adding complementary food. Promote breastfeeding, beneficial mother and baby, can promote baby physical and brain development, enhance infant immunity, reduce risk of cold, diarrhea, pneumonia, reduce obesity after adulthood, diabetes, and cerebrovascular diseases, can also reduce mother Risk of postpartum bleeding, breast cancer, ovarian cancer. Especially necessary to popularize the important significance of breast milk, so that the maternal and child family generally knows that infant formula is only an alternative choice when could not be pure breastfeeding.
4. Build a publicity position that supports breastfeeding. Encourage medical institutions, communities, housing agencies and related social organizations to carry out breastfeeding scientific propaganda activities, expand the coverage of science propaganda, enhance knowledge and skills. Trade Unions, Communist Youth League, Women's Federation, and Family Planning Association organized to give full play to the improvement of grassroots networks, strengthen breastfeeding knowledge, and safeguard the rights of women and children. Development and growth of breastfeeding promote volunteer teams to form a wide range of social forces that support breastfeeding.
(2) Improve service chains and strive to strengthen breastfeeding advisory guidance.
5. Strengthen pregnancy, time and postpartum consultation guidance services. To provide various medical institutions at all levels of pregnancy health care and midwifery, all kinds of medical institutions are mainly in the main position. Through standardization of pregnant women, improve the full service of maternal health care, strengthen the maternal and child in the same room after childbirth, implement postpartum visits, 42 days after post-production Health care services such as health checks, provide breastfeeding consultation guidance as an important service content, timely provide infant parents and family, ensuring that breastfeeding consultation guidance through the pregnancy, time, postpartum services. Encourage medical institutional obstetrics, neonatal sects to promote the early maternal and child skin in the early birth of the child, premature birth, etc. 6. Treat newborn and infant-quality consultation guidance services. The grassroots health care institutions such as township hospitals and community health services, carry out newborns family visits, newborns full moon health management, infant health management services, to combine infant nutrient feeding screening assessment, breeding breeding people Feeding consultation guidance to help mothers and family members master scientific parenting knowledge. Medical institutions should pay attention to high risk, premature infants, sick children's breastfeeding services, providing targeted breastfeeding advisory guidance. Do a good job in breastfeeding and safety medication for breastfeeding. Mining and inheriting traditional Chinese medicine promotes breastfeeding unique advantages, popularizing traditional Chinese medicine, promoting breastfeeding.
7. Improve the breastfeeding consultation service network. Encourage comprehensive hospitals, maternal and child health institutions, maternity hospitals and children's hospitals, and the conditions for the township hospitals and community health service centers have set up breastfeeding consultations or nutrition clinics to provide breastfeeding advisory guidance, increase service supply, and improve service. Sexuality. In response to the capacity building, children's nutrition, pediatrics, children's health clinics, children's nutrition clinics, breast health clinics, etc. In order to promote breastfeeding, we will promote the construction of boy hospitals and continuously strengthen the influence of love baby hospitals. Promote pregnancy health, newborns health, children's nutritional specialties, promote medical institutions to promote suitable technology and enhance breastfeeding.
8. Innovative consultation service method. Vigorously promote "Cloud Maternal and Child" and "Internet + Maternal Health" service, through mobile app, applet, website, hotline and other ways, establish a line of breastfeeding consultation in the online line to provide continuous breastfeeding advisory guidance.
(3) Improve policy system and strive to build breastfeeding support.
9. Protect the rights and interests of lactating female employees. The employer must implement the relevant regulations of the female employee labor protection to ensure that female employees enjoy maternity leave, fertility reward leave, reasonably arrange lactating female employees. Encourage conditional places to carry out parental parental fake pilots, reasonably determine parental piety treatment, and improve the cost of the holidays. The employer may not extend lactating female employee labor time or arrange the night-class labor. For female employees who are under the 1 year old baby, the employer should arrange for 1 hour for breastfeeding time in the daily labor time; female employee's fertility multi For every 1 hour of breastfeeding, 1 hour of breastfeeding is increased, and the breastfeeding time is subject to normal labor. The employer shall not reduce its wage benefits due to female employees, and will have a dismissal or dismissal contract. The employer should ensure the safety and hygiene of the workplace, avoid labor of breastfeeding and radiological pollution, etc.
10. Encourage flexible arrangements for working hours and work. The employer should combine production and work, take a variety of measures to provide convenience for lactating female employees. After returning to the maternity and staff, voluntarily apply for advance returning, can be used by the employer and the employee to consult, take a variety of flexible ways to make a holiday in a variety of flexible ways to make a flexibility in a flexible manner. The breastfeeding time of lactating female employees can be negotiated by the employer and the employee. By reducing the working hours, the use of flexible places, etc., take flexible ways to be arranged. Conditional employers can solve their breastfeeding difficulties in the reality of jobs.
11. Promote maternal and child facilities widely covered. Based on breastfeeding women and infant demand, promote the construction of maternal and child facilities in public places such as medical institutions, shopping malls, stations, airports, scenic spots, and improve maternal and child facility. There are often businesses for maternal and child, more than 10,000 square meters or daily bills, more than 10,000 people, business center, medical institutions, tourist scenic spots and tour entertainment, etc. Equipped with basic facilities, highlighting the logo, strengthening daily management and maintenance, ensuring that maternal and child facilities are operating normally. Promoting the employer of female employees, housing agencies set up a mammf, improve the evaluation rate. Guide Housing Mechanism Settings with Breast Cell Reception and Storage Facilities Adapted to Recruitment Infants, Strengthening the Guidance of Nutritional Feeding Work in Housing Mechanism and continuously enhances the availability and sustainability of baby breastfeeding in infants and young children.
12. Strengthen the construction of the breastfeeding consultation and guidance. Mass surgery staff, pediatric health care providers, women health workers, pediatric health care providers, children's health workers, children's health care providers, children's health care providers, children's health care providers, children's health care providers Personnel training gradually established a team of breastfeeding advisory guidance. 13. Integrate into related policies to construct a breastfeeding support environment. Establish breastfeeding publicity education, service supply, policy system, especially maternal and child facilities, etc., including children's friendly cities, national infant care service demonstration urban evaluation system. In the "Health China Action (2019-2030)" annual arrangement, it is fully deployed. Strengthen science and technology support, encourage breastfeeding scientific research, promote research results, application and transformation. Encourage conditions for medical institutions to carry out public welfare breastfeeding libraries, explore donated breastfeeding social volunteer service mechanisms, and form a friendly atmosphere and supportive environment that supports breastfeeding.
(4) Strengthening industry supervision, and effectively combat violations of violations of breastfeeding.
14. Guide industry self-discipline. Guide the production of breastfeeding supplies, operate enterprises and related industry associations to strengthen industry self-discipline, promote industry integrity construction, and produce and sell according to law. Packaging, label logo of breastfeeding supplies, indicating that national standards are compliant. Breastfeeding supplies production venders do not provide equipment, funds and promotional materials to the medical institutions or provide equipment, funds and promotional materials for the purpose of promotion. It is forbidden to publish all or part of the baby milk products, beverages and other food advertisements that claim to all or part of the replacement breast milk in mass media or public places.
15. Strengthen medical institutional management. In response to medical institutions to strengthen medical ethics, education practitioners consciously follow their duties according to professional ethics and regulations. Medical institutions and their personnel may not promote maternal breastfeeding supplies to maternal and infant families. It is strictly forbidden to carry out various forms of marketing promotion in medical institutions. The relevant production and business units must not promote the propaganda claims to replace breast milk or have related effects in medical institutions. Medical institutions and their personnel do not provide conditions and places for personnel to promote parent-breast milk products or related products.
16. Strengthen law enforcement supervision. In accordance with the national standards of food safety and related food safety, increase the daily inspection of infant formula food packaging, label identification and instructions, and urge the production enterprises according to law. For false advertising, fraudulent consumption, fraudulent consumption in the field of breastfeeding supplies, infringement of consumer rights, destroying fair competition market order, etc., market supervision departments should increase law enforcement and inverse laws and regulations, etc. The intensity of strike, effectively protect the market order of civilized integrity.
Third, organize implementation
17. Strengthen organization leadership. All relevant departments, group organizations and units must effectively strengthen leadership, close cooperation, establish a division of labor, coordinate cooperation, and jointly promote breastfeeding promotion. All departments should combine their own responsibilities, study and formulate policy systems and specific initiatives, stages, and subtractively organize implementation, and ensure that work is implemented, the masses benefit, and the goal is achieved.
18. Strengthen the supervision assessment. All relevant departments, group organizations and units should strengthen work supervision and promote key tasks. Actively explore, be brave in innovation, establish advanced typical, play the role of demonstration, and promote work in-depth. To clearly evaluate the index system and assessment work programs, regularly carry out the evaluation of work evaluation and promptly notify the relevant situation.
19. Extensive publicity. To adopt a variety of forms, expand social propaganda, make full use of newspapers, radio and television and new media, broad publicize the main content and work requirements of the Breastfeeding Promotion Action Plan, expand social awareness rate, guide all parties to participate, ensure action Get effective.
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