After Sichuan, Chongqing GDP also hopes to exceed Liaoning Southwest economy to overtake the northeast?2022-01-23 06:02:32 47 ℃
All places have been released for 2021 economic data. After Sichuan, the total economic volume of Chongqing is expected to exceed Liaoning, the first economic market in Northeast, and the position of the Southwest province in the national economic layout is gradually improved.
Chongqing GDP looks super Liaoning
In 2020, the GDP (GDP) of Liaoning and Chongqing is 251,1496 billion and 250.79 billion yuan, respectively, ranked 16th and 17th in the country. The two differ only 11 billion yuan.
On January 19th, Chongqing Municipal Bureau of Statistics was released, according to the consolidation results of the regional production, in 2021, GDP was $ 2789.402 billion, an increase of 8.3% over the previous year, and an average increase of 6.1% in two years.
Up to now, the Liaoning Provincial Bureau of Statistics has not yet announced that Liaoning 2021 economic data, but the sixth meeting of the 13th People's Congress of Liaoning Province opened on January 20th, in 2021, the Liaoning economy has stable recovery, stabilizing Good situation, GDP increased by 5.8%.
In the first three quarters of 2021, Liaoning GDP was 1972.265 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 7.4%; Chongqing GDP was 1995.89 billion, an increase of 9.9%. The total number of Chongqing in the first three quarters has exceeded Liaoning, and the annual growth rate is higher than that of Liaoning 2.5 percentage points. Therefore, from the first three quarters of data and annual growth rate, Chongqing 2021 GDP will exceed Liaoning.
In 2015, the Sichuan's total economic economy in the western region exceeded Liaoning, the first large province of the Northeast Economy. At that time, Chongqing and Liaoning have a disparity. In 2015, Liaoning GDP was 1.5 trillion yuan higher than the heavy celebration. On the total amount, Liaoning is the 10th, Chongqing is the 20th, Liaoning leads to 10 positions in Chongqing.
The Chongqing Comprehensive Economic Research Institute, Eastel, Yi Xiaoguang, said that Chongqing and Liaoning are old industrial bases, and the industrial structure is similar. The main reason for the rapid growth in Chongqing is that the industrial structure adjustment has made a better progress, focusing on industrial structure, promoting supply side structural reform, and increase innovation and openness.
As an old industrial base, the past industries in Chongqing are "silly big black". However, in the past 10 years, Chongqing vigorously investment promoters to undertake industrial transfer, electronic information and automotive industries have become the main driving force for Chongqing 's economic high songs. Among them, from 2014, Chongqing pen electricity production has been ranked first in the world, accounting for about 30%.
Chen Yao, vice president and secretary general of China Regional Economic Research Association, said that the industrial structure adjustment in Northeast China is still in a pain period. A further part of Liaoning's industry is high-end equipment "big guard", which is not likely to expand as other industries, so it is limited. The Liaoning economy is facing problems, and there is also a statistical squeezing, so double reduction.
In fact, in the past few years, the economic development of Liaoning and Chongqing has encountered depth adjustments. In 2018, Chongqing's economic growth has fallen sharply. From 9.3% in 2017 to 6% in 2018. Previously pulled high-growth cars and electronics industries in Chongqing, especially in the automotive industry.
However, the Chongqing economy gradually came out of the trough. In 2020, the economy increased by 3.9%, rebounded to the forefront of the country. The year-on-year increase of 8.3% year-on-year in 2021, an average increase of 6.1% in two years. Whether it is 2021 growth or two years average growth, it is located in the forefront of the country.
Yi Xiaoguang said that in these years, Chongqing vigorously promoted product structure adjustment and industrial structure adjustment. In the past, the structure of the automotive industry products is highly low, and now the high-end transformation in the industry; other industries such as the electronic information industry are also rising in addition to the laptop computer industry. These drive the Chongqing economy out of the trough. In 2021, the two major pillar industries in Chongqing increased by 11.3% and 17.3% respectively, including 12.6% of the automotive industry.
Southwest will exceed the northeast?
While Chongqing exceeded Liaoning, Yunnan was also approaching Liaoning. In fact, in the first half of 2021, Yunnan GDP exceeded Liaoning, but the first three quarters were overcharged by Liaoning. In the first three quarters of 2021, Liaoning Province GDP was 1972.265 billion yuan, and Yunnan Province GDP was 1960.76 billion yuan.
The fifth meeting of the 13th People's Congress of Yunnan Province opened on January 20th, in 2021, Yunnan Province GDP was 2.71 trillion yuan, an increase of 7.3%.
Chongqing and Yunnan chased Liaoning's chasing in Sichuan over Liaoning in 2015. Represented two kinds of "small brothers" southwestern region to "old big brother" northeast region.
Third-line construction in the 1960s, the northeast and southwestern regions formed closely. The three provinces of Northeast is the main assistant, and the three southwestern provinces are the main reception of Northeast core resources. Northeast aid has resolved the productivity layout in the southwest China, laying the foundation for industrialization and urbanization in the southwest.
After more than 10 years of three-line construction, Southwest China has formed Chongqing extra large comprehensive industrial base, Sichuan Shipbuilding Industry Base, Sichuan National Defense Research and Electronic Industry Base, Chengdu Comprehensive Industrial Base, Panzhihua - Xichang Metallurgy Energy Industrial Base, Guizhou Aerospace Electronic and electrical industrial base, etc.
Chen Yao said that after the economic development enters the new normal, the growth rate of the Northeast China has always been low, and the growth rate of Southwest China is in the country's first square. Such a relatively slow increase in the Northeast China, and the total amount of region in the fast development is relatively fast. A large change will occur after several consecutive years. In 2015, Sichuan surpass Liaoning Province promoted the sixth place in the country, and Liaoning's economy's national ranking was also fell along the way, falling out of the country. At present, Chongqing is expected to exceed Liaoning, Yunnan has also been approached. Not only that, but the long-term backward Yunnan and Guizhou have also surpassed Jilin and Heilongjiang 's economy.
In 2015, Chongqing, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Yunnan and Guizhou ranked 20th, 21, 22, 23, and 25 respectively. 2020, Chongqing, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Yunnan and Guizhou ranks 17, 25, 26, 18 and 20 respectively. Chongqing, Yunnan and Guizhou rose 3, 5 and 5, Heilongjiang and Jilin decreased by 4 and 6 respectively.
Among them, since 2014, Chongqing and Guizhou have relaxed in the country. At present, the lowest in Southwestern provinces and cities is more than 41 billion yuan and 53 million yuan higher than Heilongjiang and Jilin 2020, respectively. Even compared with Liaoning, the gap between the two is also 1.8 trillion in 2015 to 72 million yuan.
As of now, Chongqing, Sichuan, Yunnan, and Guizhou, Southwest China have announced 2021 economic data. In addition to Yunnan (7.3%), the total production value (GDP) in other provinces (GDP) has increased by more than 8%. The total economic volume of the four provinces and city accounts for more than 11%.
Chen Yao said that the development of Southwest China and Northeast is a highlight of the difference in the development of north and south. Since the economic growth in continuous economic growth is in a relatively low level, currently, the total economic volume of the Northeast China has declined sharply, and now only 5%, while before, more than 10%.
Yi Xiaoguang said that in the past few years, the first square team in the southwest province has been in the national growth, and the economic growth has been high growth. The main reason is to undertake industrial transfer, national policy guidance, infrastructure improvement, and open promotion reform , Promote development, promote industrialization and urbanization processes, and create industrial development.
However, although the total economic total economic in southwest has exceeded Northeast, it does not mean that the Southwest area has exceeded the northeast. For example, in the per capita disposable income, Liaoning's 2020 per capita disposable income is 32,738 yuan, while the per capita disposable income of all residents in Sichuan, Chongqing, Yunnan and Guizhou is 26,522 yuan, 30,824 yuan, 23295 yuan and 21,795 yuan.
Chen Yao believes that people in the southwest are small, the mountain is large, and natural conditions are not as good as the northeast. As a relatively underdeveloped area, there are many poor people. After the extravagance of poverty, the future will be promoted into urbanization, rural revitalization, and realize common prosperity as the main direction. The northeast economic foundation is relatively good, the quality of population is relatively high, the development environment is also improved, the old industrial base is impossible to be so glorious as the past, but after the industrial adjustment, it will go out of the dilemma resubing.
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