Green, clearing, passing, rich -Wujiang "Nirvana"

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Green, clearing, passing, rich -Wujiang "Nirvana"

2022-05-14 18:11:45 8 ℃

According to Xinhua News Agency, Guiyang, May 13th. Hezhang County, Bijie City, Guizhou, is located in the upper reaches of Wujiang River, with an altitude of more than 2,300 meters.

At the end of April, the Bijie Forestry Bureau issued a forestry carbon ticket to Quanquan Village. "With this forestry carbon ticket, the air purified by our village's thousands of acres of forests will become circulating assets in the future, and the people have an additional way to increase their income." Said Wen Junfu, secretary of the Party branch of Quanquan Village.

More than 30 years ago, due to the harsh ecological environment of the Karst Mountains, the local area was in the predicament of "more reclamation, the more deserted, the more deserted and the more reclaimed", and the forest coverage rate was less than 5%. Since 1987, the large -scale planting of tree -planting trees and forests in Quanquan Village has now become 10,000 acres of forests, and the forest coverage of the whole village has reached 77%.

Forestry carbon tickets are the vouchers of forest land carbon reduction displacement income rights. It is an "ID card" for forest -fixed carbon -fixed carbon. It can be used as a loan pledge, participating in carbon ticket storage, transactions, financing, etc.

This forestry carbon ticket in Que's Village involves an area of ​​7346.5 acres of forest land. The carbon reduction displacement of accounting monitoring from 2016 to 2020 was 34627.7 tons. Based on the average unit price of 30 yuan/ton with a low unit price of 30 yuan/ton in recent years, this carbon ticket is expected to achieve a carbon transaction value of about 1.04 million yuan.

The ecological governance of Quanquan Village is a microcosm of the ecological restoration of the Wujiang River Basin.

The Wujiang River is the mother river of Guizhou, the largest tributary of the south bank of the upper reaches of the Yangtze River. The Wujiang River Basin carries more than half of Guizhou Province's population and economic aggregate. A few years ago, due to ecological fragility and outstanding environmental protection issues, Wujiang once ranged the ecological alarm. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Guizhou has unprecedentedly focusing on the construction of ecological civilization, promoting the ecological restoration of the Wujiang River Basin, and the Wujiang River has ushered in Nirvana's rebirth.

The Wujiang River Basin has phosphorus production bases with enrichment of phosphate resources. Wujiang controls pollution, it is difficult to treat phosphorus.

"The river water suddenly turned white, and his hands were still slippery." The masses in Wujiang Town, Pianzhou District, Zunyi City once reported to reporters that when the pollution was serious, the entire river surface of Wujiang Town was stained with sewage "rice soup color".

After survey, it was found that the pollution originated from a rocky spring called No. 34 spring eyes. The total phosphorus and fluoride near the spring eyes exceeded the standard hundreds of times. The sections of Zunyi in the spring of the spring were all inferior five types of water quality. The source of its pollution is the phospholosaclene gypsum emitted by the production of the Guizhou phosphate group 16 kilometers away from the spring eye. The phosphorus -containing sewage produced by phospholosaclene is leaked to the ground, and the groundwater system flows into the Wujiang River from the 34th spring eye.

As the first batch of national ecological civilization pilot zones, Guizhou has used "iron -fist pollution control" to overcome difficulties. No. 34 spring eye pollution treatment is listed as "project No. 1" in environmental pollution treatment in Guizhou Province. Wang Mei, the environmental protection director of the Ministry of Safety and Environmental Protection of Guizhou Phosphate Group, said that in order to solve the problem of pollution, the enterprise built a three -phase sewage treatment facility in the water outlet of the spring. When we meet the standards, the cost of environmental protection governance invested for this is 1.1 billion yuan.

In order to solve the problem of excessive phosphorus in Wujiang, Guizhou adheres to the governance ideas of "both specimens, priority, and end pocket", and prominent measures in the "three phosphorus" rectification of phosphorus, phosphorus, and phosphohysolium library. , Fundamentally solve the problem of Wujiang phosphorus pollution. According to data released by the Ecological Environment Department of Guizhou Province, in 2021, the water quality of the Wujiang dry flow reached the II standard, the water quality of the basin was generally "excellent", and the excellent rate of 45 national water control monitoring sections reached 100%.

Easy changes are more than that.

Wujiang has been a shipping road from the outside of Guizhou Unicom since ancient times. After 2003, due to the construction of multiple steps of the water power stations and did not build navigation facilities simultaneously, Wujiang's "Tongjiang Dahai" waterway was blocked. In order to build a "golden waterway", Guizhou has incorporated the construction of Wujiang Water Transport Channel into the overall deployment of transportation construction.

In June 2021, the navigation project supported by the Pagot Beach Hydropower Station, which was put into trial operation, was regarded as the key to Tongjiang Dahai, Guizhou. The height difference between the navigable water head of the Pibal Beach is 199 meters. It is operated by a three -level vertical lifting ship. The ships must take the "water elevator" through the Wujiang Pyan Pacific Power Station, showing the strange scene.

In recent years, the large -scale shiplifts of Sipy Beach, Silin, and Shabang Power Station have been put into operation one after another, and the Wujiang Waterway has been fully connected. In November 2021, Guiyang Port Kaiyang Port District went north to the Yangtze River north to the Yangtze River. 14 cargo ships carrying 6,800 tons of phosphorus ore, departing from Kaiyang Port District, Guiyang Port, and heading to Fuling, Chongqing. This marks a large -scale resumption of the "Golden Waterway" of Wujiang, and 500 -ton ships can reach the Yangtze River directly.

"We have signed contracts such as 200,000 tons of cement transportation, 300,000 tons of ore transportation, etc., and the freight demand is large." Shen Bo, the person in charge of Yuqing County Leading Co., Ltd., Zunyi City, said that the company purchased 5 500 -ton cargo ships last year , Plan to buy another 10 new ships to meet the needs of capacity.

The Sinan County in the lower reaches of Wujiang, the Guizhou Sinan Shipyard, who has been in depression for many years is recovering, a busy scene. Zhang Zhenqiang, the person in charge of the shipyard, told reporters that after Wujiang resumed the flight last year, the shipyard received a group of passenger ships from Wujiang Shipping Corporation and the manufacturing "big orders" of 500 -ton cargo ships. Everyone was confident and energy.

"The comprehensive recovery of the Guizhou Water Transport will have a lot of promotion." Han Jianbo, deputy director of the Guizhou Provincial Department of Transportation, said that the opening of the "Golden Waterway" of Wujiang not only opened a new channel for "Guizhou goods out of the mountain", but also promoted the development of the ship equipment manufacturing industry.Drive the prosperity of the industry and provide new employment opportunities for the people along the coast.(Xinhua News Agency reporter Li Qianyu and Zheng Minghong) Editor Xin Jing