What should I pay attention to after being discharged?

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What should I pay attention to after being discharged?

2022-05-16 06:08:52 24 ℃

Children's leukemia is one of the most common malignant tumors, with a high incidence. Modern medical technology is becoming more and more advanced, and most children can get cure and return to normal life. Therefore, the correct treatment of medical treatment and timely professional treatment is important.

On the other hand, when children with leukemia can be relieved and clinically cured, the recuperation after being discharged home has also become a hot issue for everyone. For children with leukemia, what do we need to pay attention to after returning home after discharge?

1. Full rest: Patients with leukemia in children often have no endurance and need to rest in bed, but generally do not need to stay in bed. Those who have been bed for a long time. Positions should be replaced often to prevent bedsores.

2. Prevention: Infection is one of the important causes of death in patients with leukemia. The immune function of children with leukemia is reduced, and chemotherapy drugs often reduce or lack mature neutrophils in bone marrow inhibition, which further decreases immune function. Merry cell decreased or deficiency and decrease in immune function are risk factor for infection. The longer the decrease of granulocytes, the greater the threat of infection. The following measures can be taken to prevent infection.

(1) Protective isolation: Patients with leukemia should live in the room with other children with other diseases. To avoid cross -infection. Those who are obviously low in granulocytes and immune functions shall be placed in a single ward, and those with conditions are placed in ultra -net single ward, air layer streaming room or single -person sterile layer stream bed. Or ultraviolet light and pentalhydroxinum aldehyde fumigation must be performed regularly. Limit the number and number of visitors, and the staff and visitors should wash their hands carefully before they contact the children.

(2) Pay attention to personal hygiene: keep oral cleaning, rinse with warm water or mouth liquid before eating. Soft hair toothbrushes should be used to avoid damaging the mucosa of the cavity and bleeding and secondary infection. If there is a mucosal fungal infection, the affected area can be rubbed with fluoronazole or inceconazole. Changeing clothes, bathing daily is conducive to sweat excretion, reducing folliculitis and skin ballad. Keep the stool unobstructed, and then clean the anus with warm or salt water to prevent the formation of perianal abscess.

(3) Observe the early manifestations of infection: Check the mouth and throat every day, whether there is gum swelling, red pharyngeal, swallowing pain, whether the skin is damaged, red swelling, the vulva, the perianal perians, etc. Turnive. For those who are infected with infection, 2 to 3 effective antibiotics can be used for pathogens. Internal injection or intravenous drip.

(4) Strictly implementing sterile operation technology: Before any puncture, we must strictly disinfection. Various pipes or wound dressings should be replaced regularly to avoid bacterial growth.

3. Increase nutrition, pay attention to diet hygiene to give high protein, high -dimensional vitamin, and high -calorie diet. Encourage children to eat. Food utensils should be disinfected, and fruits should be washed and peeled.

4. Eliminate psychological disorders: allow children to face the disease with a positive and brave attitude, and do not have psychological pressure.

5. Care after the disease: After the leukemia is completely relieved, there are still residual leukemia cells (about 10^7) in the child. The chemotherapy period can be discharged from the interval period, and the doctor's order is administered and recuperated. Those who have continued to completely alleviate for 1 to 2 years, and the chemotrans can go to school intermittently.