With these 4 bad habits, they are forcing the heart blood vessels to "go to the road", and the disease comes

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With these 4 bad habits, they are forcing the heart blood vessels to "go to the road", and the disease comes

2022-05-20 12:36:13 17 ℃

May 18th is the National Vascular Health Day. Blood vessels are the life pipes in the human body, and the smooth flow of blood vessels is the cornerstone of human health.

The latest "China Cardiovascular Health and Disease Report 2020" is calculated that about 330 million people in my country have cardiovascular disease, including hypertension, stroke, coronary heart disease, etc.

And cardiovascular disease mortality is much higher than tumors and other diseases, ranking first in the mortality rate of Chinese population.

In life, which bad habits can easily cause cardiovascular disease? Is there any way to make a simple self -check? How to prevent cardiovascular disease? Zeng Ying, chief physician of the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Hunan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, gave a detailed introduction.

Which bad habits hurt the most blood vessels

Diet is too salty and sweet

Intake too much fatty and greasy food, excess lipid deposition in the blood vessels, which is easy to form porridge plaques, which increases blood viscosity, blood thrombosis, blocking blood vessels, greatly increased hyperlipidemia, hypertension, coronary heart disease, diabetes, diabetes risk.

Carbonated beverages and milk tea contain a lot of sugar and lipids. Excessive intake is not only not conducive to controlling blood sugar, blood lipids, uric acid and weight, but also easily cause damage to blood vessels.

Stay up late for a long time, stress, irregular work and rest

Many young and middle -aged people are irregular. Stay up late at night or chase the drama to watch mobile phones. The normal biological clock of the human body is disrupted. It is easy to induce arrhythmia, myocardial infarction, stroke, sudden death, etc.

Lack of physical exercise

Sitting for a long time and lack of physical exercise will lead to increased blood viscosity, slow blood flow, excess lipids and other waste accumulated in the blood, which is easy to form porridge plaques or deep vein thrombosis in the lower limbs.

Long -term smoking

Smoking not only affects the respiratory system, but also damage blood vessels. Nicotine and tar to vascular circulation in nicotine and tar to damage vascular endothelials, leading to vascular spasm, slow blood flow, thrombosis, and vascular hyperplasia, accelerating arteriosclerosis.

The chief physician of Zeng Ying suggested that healthy people over 35 years of age should regularly monitor blood pressure, blood sugar, blood lipids, liver and kidney function, and electrocardiogram every year.

Healthy people over 50 years of age should check the cervical vessel arterial blood vessel ultrasound once a year, and people such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and early coronary heart disease family history can be checked in advance; people with symptoms such as numbness of lower limbs, swelling and pain can be checked. Deep vein color Doppler ultrasound.

Simple self -check method

Use two fingers to gently touch your bilateral radial arteries and foot artery to see if the beating is regular, whether the strength of the beating on both sides is symmetrical. If the beating is irregular and the two sides are asymmetric, you should go to the hospital for further examination.

How to protect blood vessel health

Control blood lipids, blood pressure, blood sugar

Hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and hyperglycemia are the culprit of cardiovascular disease. The incidence of hypertension in adults in my country is as high as 23.2%, and the disease rate of diabetes is as high as 11.2%.

Controlling blood lipids, blood pressure, and blood sugar on the one hand emphasize the improvement of lifestyle, and learn to monitor them regularly. On the other hand, we should take relevant drugs regularly under the guidance of professional physicians.

Reasonable diet

Eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, especially dark fruits and vegetables. Eat more dietary fiber grain and bean foods, process foods with less high salt and high sugar, quit smoking and restriction.

Properly increase the intake of fish and seafood, and reduce the amount of red meat intake with high fat amount.

Select linen seed oil, corn oil, sunflower seed oil, etc. with unsaturated fatty acids instead of saturated fat and trans fats.

Change the cooking habits and use steamed, boiled, cold, and stewed methods.

Appropriate exercise

According to personal physical conditions and preferences, choose the aerobic exercise that suits you, such as walking, jogging, swimming, Tai Chi, fitness exercise, Tai Chi, Tai Chi sword, etc., which can not only enhance heart function, but also help reduce blood pressure and blood sugar, blood sugar, blood sugar, blood sugar , Blood lipids, promote blood circulation.

Psychological balance

Maintain an optimistic attitude, avoid nervousness and anxiety, maintain good social relationships, learn self -emotional regulation, and properly release stress to help blood vessel health.

Regulatory

Regular schedule, in line with the rhythm, fall asleep before 11 o'clock at night, do not watch mobile phones and TV shows with too tight content before going to bed, regularly work and ensure sleep quality.

(Edit Rainbow. Picture source network, invading deletion)

Hunan Medical Chat Special Author: Zeng Ying, First Affiliated Hospital of Hunan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine