Who is the Southeast Asian short black?What is the relationship between ordinary Southeast Asians?What history do they have?2021-12-01 12:06:43 68 ℃
There may be a lot of friends have heard Southeast black short term, this term refers to a very special human populations living in Southeast and South Asia. But many friends but then short black ethnic term referring to there is a big misunderstanding, which is considered short black refers to is the different ethnic groups in Southeast Asia. But this is not true, in fact, even in Southeast Asia, is an extremely rare short black ethnic group, some statistics show, the entire Southeast Asia belongs short black groups are added only about 15,000 people. So what refers to the black dwarf who? What are they unique? What kind of history?
1899 a group of Philippine Negrito
In short blacks say exactly what is before the people, let's talk about "black dwarf" the term. In fact, "black dwarf" the term is a translation from a foreign language vocabulary over, and the etymology of the word is Negrito (Negrito). The word comes from Spanish, if the literal translation, it means "little black." And this is the first word started with some Spanish missionaries in the Philippines in the event of the 16th century AD, when they use the term ethnic group they see a strange call in some Southeast Asian islands.
In 1906 several Mingnigeli Tuo people of the Malay Peninsula
And the reason why this group will get the call, of course, the main reason is because they are very unique appearance. Negrito is called "short black" or "little black", the main reason is because they are indeed relatively short stature comparison, the average height of the vast majority of Negrito ethnic group in 1.4 meters to 1.5 meters. And this figure with the height between the relatively short compared to other regional countries in Southeast Asia also ordinary people the difference is very significant, because the average height of men in Southeast Asia between about 1.6 meters to 1.7 meters, while the average female height is 1.5 to 1.6 m between, that is to say Negrito men with Southeast Asian countries also mainstream groups than women on average it will appear lower.
We said so Duonigeli Tuo human characteristics, so Negrito is exactly what people refer to it? Specifically, the Negrito currently based on their different geographical distributions, can be divided into three different groups that Negrito Philippines, the Malay Peninsula Negley Tuo Tuo people and the Andaman Nigel Lee . Among them, the Philippine Negrito accounted for only 0.003% of the total population of the Philippines, but its interior but can be subdivided into about 25-34 different ethnic groups. Malay Peninsula Negrito are distributed in several communities, including Thailand and Malaysia. The Andaman Nigel Lee Tuo people are considered to be minimal contact with the outside world, it retains an ethnic Negrito most authentic features. This ethnic group lives mainly in the Indian Ocean Andaman Islands, this archipelago is currently regarded as Indian territory.
In 1900 the Philippine island of Panay a Mingnigeli Tuo warrior
So why these Negrito have such a special appearance? And other ethnic groups and whether they related to it? In the outside world just know that there Negrito groups of the time, because of their color and Africans are very close, especially in Africa with a particular ethnic group, which is the same relatively low height Pygmies closer, so they think It is a branch of the various ethnic groups in Africa, particularly with the Pygmies may have more recent common origin.
But some recent genetic studies have shown that, although Negrito of maternal genes and some African relations, but paternal genes each Negrito ethnic group is relatively more complicated, the main paternal genes include P, F, and D haplogroups, which has several haplogroups are in the Eurasian steppe, the indigenous people of Central Asia, Southeast Asia, East Asia and the Americas are distributed relatively more. In addition, East and Southeast Asia more mainstream O haplogroup in Negrito also has a small distribution.
A Filipino Negrito late 19th century
Therefore, based on these findings, many modern studies suggest that, in fact, may not be particularly close to the angle between the blood and the Tuo Negley African Pygmies, their similar appearance main cause of convergent evolution, that is because they survive the regional climate is similar, for example, are relatively hot, tropical forests have a lot of presence, this resulted in an environment similar to their relative color and relatively little physique.
And there are so few number of relatively more paternal genetic differences, the Minnesota Gregory said Tuo though living in the Southeast and South Asia, and has a similar appearance, but they are likely to be a mixed race or ethnic group. So now relatively mainstream research suggests that a Negrito earliest ancestors may be about 5-70000 years ago, just like other human groups separated from a unique human population, then they probably arrived in the islands of Southeast Asia . But later that tens of thousands of years, the first batch of Negrito groups had sex with several different groups from the Eurasia been in contact, and the Half-Blood had occurred to some extent, so people would be so little there are so many different paternal genes.
Negrito modern life in the Malay Peninsula
In the existing ethnic groups of the existing Nigelita, living in the Philippines, Thailand and Malaysia is relatively relatively more contact with the outside world. Some ethnic or individuals are also accepted to some extent. Modern life. But the Nigelitar group living in the Indian Ocean Arma Islands is still largely maintained its own original lifestyle, and keeps isolated on the outside world. Modern Nichlita girl living in the Philippines
Of course, this isolation is never absolute. At least from 1,000 years ago, some civilizations in the surrounding civilization have already had a scaffold about Andaman people. In the 19th century AD, the British colonial army did once once had a "battle" with Andaman people. At that time, the British occupied by India has also been mounted on some islands in Andaman Islands and has established exquisite delays in the local area. With the expansion of the British activities in the island, it also naturally invades the territory of the local ethnic group, and has also been countered by Andamans.
The location of the Andaman Islands
On April 6, 1859, Andaman people have organized a relatively large raid, and at the time, there were many Andamans to launch an attack on the British and exiled to local prisoners. On May 18 that year, Andamans also launched the second time. However, it is unable to fight against British people, so these attacks are quickly repeated, and Andamans are also forced to have coexist with British and colonial prisoners.
And this situation also quickly gave the destruction of the Andaman people. Before the acceptance of the British, there were about 6,000 to 7,000 people in the number of Andaman people. However, after the British and a large number of prisoners came to the island, because Andamans lack resistance to external infectious diseases, the local population quickly suffered a lot of sick death. Some records show that a year in the 19th century, only a measles plague almost halved in the local population. In 1875, in 1875, the local population has already come to the end of the extinction.
Two Andalans in 1875 AD
However, with the development of the times, the value of the local land is gradually disappeared, and the population of the outside world has gradually evacuated the Andaman Islands. The Andaman Islands has gradually become an exclusive island of Nigerren. But after decades of contact with the outside world, the locals did have also come to the completely extinct edge. According to some indirect studies in modern, there is only about 400 to 450 people in the total number of Andamans.
After that, after this extreme cruel external threat, the residual Andaman people have also become more resistant to the outside world. So recently decades, because some accidental factors have arrived at the outside ships near Andaman Islands basically have been more cruelly treated, some nearby vessels have been attacked by a large number of bow and arrows, which is very small because of vessels. The reason why there is a mistake is basically killed.
Therefore, in general, Southeast Asia is a unique existence of the Nigelita group, whether in history or in reality, but they are not monsters, but they are just because of unique survival. A unique ethnic group formed in history. However, the current survival of this ethnic group is indeed very fragile, and there is a big uncertainty in the future fate. (Image from the network, infringement is deleted)
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