Japan's geography and national transport

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Japan's geography and national transport

2022-01-19 00:04:34 42 ℃

one,

Japan is the island country in the west shore of the Pacific, the geographical environment and the United Kingdom are almost almost abroad, and the European continent is not far from not far.

Such geographic environments have a very advantage in specific periods.

It is facing the European continent, the UK's long-term implementation of the main situation after the large Air China, which is to take advantage of yourself from the conditions of the European continent, the weak country in the European continent, and the rise of the mainland strong country.

Whether it is Russian west, or the rise of French, the UK can play a role in a boy, and pull a group of weak brothers, and sharpen the strongest landing state.

As a result, the UK maintains the status of the most powerful countries in Europe.

In the face of China in China, Japan has basically no ability to perform a balance strategy, and only wretched on the island, and the Ming Dynasty wanted to land North Korea, and was also paid back by the "anti-Japanese aid" of Ming Dynasty. .

However, the ocean is also a natural barrier, let Japan avoid the fate of China's conquest, Yuan Shizu Dubei once two times from the military, but because of the hurricane, the hurricane, it is miserable.

So the Japan in the West Bank of the Pacific is an impact of the Chinese civilization and maintains relatively independent countries.

Since it is a sea right country, it is inevitably farmer and heavy.

By the 19th century, due to the influence of global trade, Sama, Southwest Japan, long-term and Ryukyu to maintain trade relations, accumulated a fairly rich financial reserve, and Changzhou in the next door also reform the financial system, there is a huge wealth of the existing .

In addition, coupled with British and other countries to Japan's pioneering power range, those southwestern privileges, will gradually be strong in the trade exchange of powers.

Changzhou is even purchasing a British weapon, and has built a powerful warfare team.

In the early years, when Dechuan Shutang Fengshan, the closer the Lord, the Nikawa family relationship, the closer to the Yangtze River. If the relationship is far or even against the Lord of the Dechuan family, it is basically sealed.

So Sammm, Southwest, Changzhou, etc.

It is now politically not close to the "central", but it is rising in economic and cultural, and there will be anything in European powers behind the economy and culture. What will happen?

According to historical law, it is inevitable to compete for national regimes in places and "central".

So, in the 1960s, the flood movement originated from the southwestern Southwest of Japan, and the martial arts were fighting, but also pulsating the Dichuan curtain.

In this process, the warrior saves the death of the country is true, and it is true that the Decang's curtain is true, and it is not contradictory. Moreover, it is often possible to explode more power together.

At the beginning of 1868, the Dichuan's scientific was completely defeated, and it originated from the fall of southwestern Dangdi, which obtained the decisive victory, and Japan will enter the age of "Meiji Rest".

And the leadership of Changzhou, Samo, Tudo, the prostitute, the prostitute, have become a Japanese new, and will soon to take the military and political power of Japan.

These four Dagume's political economic status in Japan, equivalent to Guangdong and Jiangsu, Zhejiang, the Republic of China, the so-called flood sports, and the alliance will "remove them", essentially the economically developed area, to renovate the country according to their own interests .

As for the stations propaganda in Shiji, it is actually a great thing to be too serious.

two,

From a world, Japan's new time is just right.

At the beginning of the 19th century, Napoleon called four in Europe, which seriously affected the interests of old aristocrats in Europe, so that all countries formed a counter-law alliance, and at all costs should be destroyed.

In the past campaign of anti-attack Napoleon, 1812 is a turning point.

Cook Safov directs the Russian army to burn Moscow, causing the Napoleon's army to make up, and finally in the cold winter, the Russian army is chased by the Russian army, Napoleon defeated the country.

Since then, the Russian Shatha Yama, who has served as the League of the Common League, and commands the Russian army in the general commander of the Commander of the Republic of China, until the majestic Europe in Paris.

At that time, the Russian feet, Europe also shakes three shakes.

Although Russia was encircled by the British and Osman Empire in the Crimear War of 1853, the British and Ottoman Empire, which caused some national forces, but Russia's bottom is too strong. British law does not believe that only in Europe, you can trap powerful Russia.

So the British French wants to choose a country in East Asia, as a part of his ally, plugging in the eastern part of Russia.

In other words, the British and France is going to work in East Asia.

And this alliance of Russia can't be too strong, or it is easy to play after the rise, but it can't be too weak with African countries, then the effect of the balance.

After repeated consideration, the British French selected Japan, but France supported the Dechuan Shipping, the United Kingdom supported the screen.

To say France is also quite sad, in North America is wrong in the religious problem, in Japan, the Dikawa Shimin, which is also in the end of the poor, every time, is firmly on the wrong road.

France lost to the UK, really not.

Because of the back of the British, there is an Iwo blog, the well, the Duo Baojin and other Dynasties and other Dynasties to study in the UK, and the prosperity of the Empire does not fall.

It is also because I recognize the UK to do Dad, Japan has the opportunity to start the industrialization of "colonization".

In 1873, after Japan, after "Waste Legal County", long-term Poly Polycom has a new land tax law to make the government and land directly in contact with land ownership, and the Japanese government has a stable financial revenue. And this part of the fiscal revenue, most of which is the national capital and is used to invest in national projects.

For example, there is a railway, build a road, establish a central bank to issue banknotes, and the training army, etc.

Most importantly, the Japanese government has invested more than 20 modern enterprises such as shipbuilding, coal mines, copper mine, military, textile and beer, and hired thousands of foreign experts to conduct technical guidance, so that these companies have directly become Japanese. Manufacturing benchmark.

In fact, these companies are similar to China's state-owned enterprises, which have played a lot of role in the early days of Japan.

Because in the process of the world's industrial revolution, the stronger the power of the capitalists, the stronger of the capitalists, and it is easy to reduce the backward country and capital.

In countries where the industrialization, the power of the capital is too weak, the potential capital can be mobilized, and the conservative mentality is easy to have a conservative mentality, and I will be willing to be a foreign capital with the fart.

Therefore, there is a must-have the way of industrialization, national administrative power and strong capital, and leading for a period of industrial investment.

Japan, Soviet Union and New China have a nationalized period.

If these countries began to use private capital, the probability cannot rise rapidly, and it is even impossible to complete industrialization.

That is to say, Japan has learned the UK, but there is no full reception, but transformed into a "revised capitalism."

However, companies founded by national capital are often not too high. We don't have to say, after all, don't have to compete in the market, you don't have to pursue production efficiency, and the core requirements of capital are efficiency and proliferation.

So after the national industrialization has initially improved, the national capital will have to withdraw from certain areas, so that the relevant industries enters the market competition, then eliminated the backward industry and capacity to maximize capital efficiency.

This is very beneficial to the country.

So entering the 1980s, the Japanese government sells many state-owned enterprises, low-priced to private, and cultivates a lot of private capitalists.

Among them, the capital is the most important, such as a family of three wells, Mitsubishi and other families.

The strength of the financial valve is very strong, it is easy to invade the powers of the country, why do Japan to cultivate a financial valve?

In fact, it is still an efficiency issue. Japan's state-owned business efficiency is not high, but the problem is not high, so in order to take care of the market and efficiency, Japan has chosen the route of the financial valve.

As long as the property is bound to the country's charius, those wealthy companies are actually similar to folks enterprises.

Ito Bowen said with the three wells:

"We will not be harsh, your company can use the cost price to get coal, and use it to develop your career."

Directly, it is not ambiguous.

Therefore, in the century, the Japanese industry has grown at a rate of 5% per year, which is far more efficient than the growth rate of 3.5% of the world.

By 1900, Japan has cultivated 5,500 kilometers of railway, and the railway related steel, coal, transportation, mechanical manufacturing, textile and other industries have also risen high, especially textile products, and transportation overseas can compete with the European products.

So Japan has gradually has the title of "Asian Factory".

All in all, under the shadow of the United Kingdom, Japan avoided the fate of the colonial, but also strived to the window time of the renovation country, became the first industrial power in Asia, and as of "World War I", the last country was catching up with industrial trains.

The reason why it is necessary to add a "prior to World War II, after World War II, under the care of the old big brother of the Soviet Union, complete the industrialization task of 156 projects as the core, very likely to be human history, the last corner overtaking The country is.

Therefore, the reason for failure is very strange, the road to success is very similar, I want to get the recognition and support of the world hegemony country, you must have the available value, but also in a critical location.

From this point of view, each rising country is a lucky one.

three,

The geographical environment is an important reason for the rise of Japan, and also determines the ultimate goal of Japan.

As the island country in the West Bank, Japan is a country that is small, and if it is always in China, there is almost no future.

To become a truly influential country, even to protect the domestic economy cycle, Japan must be like the UK, build a landed navy capable of winning, and exploit overseas power range.

Before "World War II", the jungle law is the hidden rules of the world. As long as the country's strength is sufficient, you can get rushed abroad, and other strong countries don't think there is anything wrong, but ask for a minute, we have money.

In such an era background, Japan pioneered overseas colonies, in fact, is a consensus of domestic politicians.

Due to the limitations of geographical environments, there are only two outgoing roads in Japan:

One is to attack North Korea, and then take advantage of North Korea as a springboard, and then capture North China and Siberia.

Second, the south occupied Taiwan, and taking Taiwan as the base, seized China's Jiangnan, and Vietnam, Thailand, Southeast Asia.

That mountain county has a friend and said:

"North Korea should belong to part of the Japanese interest line, which is the importance of protecting Japan sovereignlines."

This idea is similar to the territory range that Russia has been pursuing. Once the national security crisis has, it is possible to defeat the enemy in the country, not to fight in the core area of ​​the country. In order to open up overseas colonies, and establish a national geopolitic buffer range, Japan has tilted the army during the decades of "Meiji Rest" period.

In 1873, Japan established a fiscal budget system, and the first budget table was announced in the same year.

In this fiscal budget, military cost is 10 million yen, accounting for 17.1% of the total financial expenditure, and the proportion is quite high. In 1883, the military expenditure increased to 19 million yen, accounting for 23.5% of the total financial expenditure.

In the past ten years, it is the first year of the Sino-Japanese War, Japanese military expenses are 22.8 million yen, accounting for 27% of the total financial expenditure.

The military cost is doubled in just 20 years, this speed is quite horrible.

Although the military expensive, Japan's financial revenue is not doubled. In 1873, the fiscal revenue is about 70 million yen. In 1893, it also increased to 89 million yen, 70% of them were local tax.

In other words, the Japanese government will use the funds in the field of people's livelihood, transfer to military, used to develop military industry, recruit soldiers, cultivate officers, etc.

Even the construction of the telephone telegram, transportation, railway and other industries, Japan's initial purpose, is also used for military services, such as telephone telegrams to pass military conditions, railways and roads can transport military equipment.

After the War of War, Japan got a deferred amount of 230 million silver in the Qing Dynasty, according to the exchange rate, equivalent to 360 million yen, of which 300 million yen was used in military.

It has been known that Japan has been educated in Japan. In fact, it is a ghost, and a word cannot be believed.

The fund will be tilted to the army, and it will inevitably lead to uneven development.

We said in the forebeline, 1873 military expenses is 10 million yen, and that year, the Japanese Ministry of Education applied for 2 million to promote the school system. As a result, only 1 million yuan in Dazuo, Justice applied for 900,000 yen funds, only 450,000 yen. .

Military costs are more than a few times more, how can such a national development?

Of course, Japan's industrialization has enhanced national strength, the original intention is not to improve people's lives, but to fight.

In addition to the constraints of geographical environment, Japan wants to launch a war, what is the reason?

Of course.

Meiji Yuanxun believes that Japan succumbing to Europe and America is really unwilling, it must be "lost to the Western Yang, take it in the Toyo", with the benefits of full shipment and North Korea, as a compensation of the Qiangqiang.

The beefrange is angry to the weaker, saying is the dark national psychology in Japan.

However, Japan's sacrifice of the country's overall progress, at least to create a good battle, but the army is formed, the problem has appeared - the army only listens to the emperor's order.

In the early years, there is a plan to plan the Japanese command system in Roshan County, deliberately let the army out of the government and the supervision of the Congress, and set up a Staff, directly to the Emperor.

So the Japanese army became a considerable independent unit, except for the emperor, no one can direct the army directly.

The benefits of doing this are that the army can avoid other interference, guarantee that the military order is unimpeded, especially the war period, the military order can greatly improve the winning rate.

But the problem is that the army also needs to be balanced.

When the army is an independent unit, when the government is not subject to the government and the Congress, Japan has a situation in the sky.

If the Japanese Emperor is a madman, then the emperor and the army are directly a war machine.

And in turn, the constitution established in the Meiji Rest Section, gives the Japanese Sky, with the absolute power of the secular world, if the emperor does not like the war, the army passed the strength of the huge military costs, and it is enough to wrap the emperor, and then wrap the whole country. War of war.

So the relationship between Japan's Emperor and the army is similar to the relationship between Chongzhen Emperor and Chao Tang.

Losing Wei Zhongxian's charter, and the Japanese army who lost the government's balanced, for the emperor's order, actually there is no listening.

As for when to listen, when I don't listen, it is necessary to see whether it is in line with my own interests.

"World War II", the Japanese army is unique, and it is absolutely not an accident, but the geographical Japanese departure, the era of weak meat, the era of "Meiji Destin" period, the royaltical gene in Japan.

Four,

In 1914, the "World War" broke out, European countries lived in life on the battlefield, the funds and productivity tilt to the war, leading to the reduction in the circulation of circulation on the market.

But the needs of people around the world are stable, so they will send opportunities to Asian countries.

China's light industry is gains, flour and textile exports during the "World War", and Japan's exports have increased from 1.4 billion to 6.8 billion yen. The result is a bunch of outbreak households, even the company's ordinary White-collar workers, the average income is 4 times more than the war.

It can be said that the cannon of Europe is ringing, and it is sent to Japan.

However, in order to meet orders during the war, Japan's large number of people will enroll workers to produce production, leading to increased human cost, thereby causing high prices in export products.

The products are scarce during the war, the market can have tolerate, and the war ends Europe and the United States have slowed down, and the goods are directly stored in the market. Whoever has to be a noble Japanese goods. So in 1920, many companies' market share decreased, and they had a lot of layoffs, followed by stocks and banks closed.

The Japanese brief golden years ended.

After two years of economic adjustment, Japan can breathe a little gas, and in 1923, he met "Guan Dong Earthquake". To Beijing died 10-20 million, the city turned a ruin.

In 1927, Japan just climbed out of the big pit, it has not yet stabilized. Due to the loan bad debt of the financial system, the Taiwan Bank has an extrusion crisis, helplessness is closed.

Taiwan banks have saved, but the crowd crisis spread to other banks, causing national financial panic, the Japanese government was forced to announce "Stop all accounts in Samsung", ready to find the city.

The financial crisis has not yet ended, the 1929 World Great Depression is coming ...

The whole of the 1920s, Japan is always in the hot and hot, and the aesthetic life in a battle, as if it is two worlds.

The consequences of the economic crisis are very serious.

After the female worker left the textile factory, in order to sell the flesh, the male white-collar workers did not sell the flesh, but they want to return to rural life, but the economies of rural areas are not booming. The farmers have already been rented by high fields and tossing.

The whole Japanese grievances are boiling.

The Japanese hopes that the Savior is coming, saving this dark world, making compensation for your suffering.

Due to the long-term public opinion propaganda, the army became the best spirit of the Japanese, and the problem is that most soldiers come from rural areas, the rural economy is not booming, so that the soldiers also complain.

They want to think that Japan has become the problem of money valve capitalists.

In fact, the financial valve does have problems.

Japan's largest eight financial valves, which were originally 20% of private capital. In the financial crisis in 1927, these financial valves used strong capital, low-cost mergers and large numbers, and gradually control Japanese financial.

In this way, the feeling of the Japanese army is not wrong.

Independent political status, fisted national economy, as well as a long-term national owner conscious, let the Japanese army have independent will.

In the face of the crisis of the country, they voluntarily sacrificed to the country. If necessary, they are willing to do things that can save the country.

So the Japanese army accepted the fascistism of North Yixing, requiring Japan to be centrally centered on the Emperor, relying on the military reform domestic politics, carrying out military expansion abroad, and ultimately becoming "The Sun Flag gives the full-human sunlight revolutionary empire."

It is true that you are actually operating.

In June 1928, the Guandong army stationed in China hover Zhang Zuolin and wanted to provoke a Sino-Japanese War.

In September 1931, the Director of the Kandie Army sancticate sir, planning the nine-eight incident, and then Kandidown military whale swallowed China.

In July 1937, the Lugou Bridge broke out, and the Japanese invaders had entered a new historical stage.

At this point, Japan walked by the army, completely embarked on the evil road.

Until the Chinese people's lasting wars and the US atomic bomb, it broke the historical inertia of Japan's armed forces, and also destroyed the strong national fantasy since the Japanese self-mating reinforcement.

five,

Finally, let's talk.

Japan's geographical environment, letting Japan have become the ideal allies of the United Kingdom, and thousands of years have been deeply affected by the China Civilization, shaping the Japanese inferiority and proud national psychology.

It is also the geographical environment, which determines Japan to rise in the jungle world in a hundred years ago, and become an influential world power, only the road to invading China.

No matter how many accidents and coincidences in history, this large direction will not change.

For us, Japan is an unforgettable enemy, but for Japan, only invading China and the European and American do two options.

This is not for the ancestors to forgive Japan, but standing in the perspective of the 21st century to retract history, calm and objective analysis of the dragon debro.

The national game in a hundred years ago is to use guns and flesh and blood to compete for national interests. There is no warmth of the veins. We should look at a hundred years ago, and you should use the same attitude, don't let subjective emotions, interfere with your judgment.

Past experience guide for the future.

We must be alert to the neighboring countries that are expelled from the sea, prevent future Japan from getting up, and learn the lessons of the Japanese army unique, in principle, in principle, put the guns in the reliable person.

The most important thing is, even if you are in trouble, you can't give up your livelihood economy.

The rice bowl is saved, it is to keep the country.