Why was Geng Jingzhong being executed by Emperor Kangxi?

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Why was Geng Jingzhong being executed by Emperor Kangxi?

2022-05-14 18:19:57 18 ℃

After the outbreak of the San Francisco, during the Qing Dynasty, Emperor Kangxi decided to recruit the rebels, thus isolated Pingxi Wang Wu Sangui. When Kangxi persuaded Geng Jingzhong, he promised him to retain the position of King Jingnan. Geng Jingzhong surrendered itly, but later he was executed by Emperor Kangxi to Ling Chi. What was going on?

There is a problem in it. Many people do not understand. Wu Sangui has the strongest strength. He rebels to be an emperor, and it is understandable to gamble. But Geng Jingzhong is just a prince. Even if the rebellion is successful, it is just a king. What is his picture?

This matter is about to start with the death of Emperor Shunzhi. In 1661, Emperor Shunzhi died. Because the relationship between Wu Sangui, Pingxi Wang, was very good, so Wu Sangui was very sad after learning the death of Emperor Shunzhi and decided to go to Beijing to go to the mourning.

At that time, Wu Sangui held heavy soldiers and occupied the two provinces of Yunnan and Guizhou. The sphere of influence could also extend to Hunan Hubei, Guangdong, Guangxi, and Sichuan. Not only that, in order to recognize Wu Sangui's credit, Emperor Shunzhi also gave him a lot of permissions:

For cheapness, no compliance, employment, officials and soldiers must not be constrained, and wealth is used.

We can see that Wu Sangui is actually the Emperor of the Yunnan -Guizhou area, and he is a Han, so many people in the Qing court served as his rebellion.

Wu Sangui originally went to Beijing to mourn, but he brought tens of thousands of troops. He was on the way where he went, and the people avoided them. The court was worried that Wu Sangui entered Beijing for rebellion, so he was settled in the shed outside Beijing, so that Wu Sangui worshiped and quickly left.

When this happened, Emperor Kangxi had not been ascended to the throne, and he was only seven or eight years old, so he didn't understand it very much. But after Emperor Kangxi grew up slightly, he heard the story of Wu Sangui go to Beijing after his father's death, and felt that the Sanyan issue was not conducive to the rule of the Qing Dynasty.

After Emperor Kangxi's pro -government, he had a deeper understanding of the San Francisco issue, so he was very angry in his heart and had sent out such emotions to the ministers:

Since listening to politics, I have taken three major events with San Francisco, river affairs, and transportation.

It can be seen that in the heart of Emperor Kangxi, the problem of San Francisco is his greatest heart disease. However, Emperor Kangxi was obviously too anxious. In the six years of Kangxi, he deprived Wu Sangui's right to Governor Fun Yungui. This made Wu Sangui determined to rebel. He also began to actively plan. Materials.

Seeing that Emperor Kangxi started to start with Wu Sangui, the other two princes couldn't sit still. The Pingnan King of Pingnan, who is guarding in Guangdong, actively played and said that he would return to Liaodong to retire, leaving only his son Shang Zhixin to guard Guangdong. Shang Kexi was a loyal minister, but his son Shang Zhixin was unruly and difficult to control. Emperor Kangxi did not do nothing, and decided to let Shang Youxi withdraw the whole vassal and take his son Shang Zhixin to Liaodong.

Even if Emperor Kangxi was stabbing the honeycomb, it was the so -called leaving the whole body. Pingxi Wang Wu Sangui and Jingnan Wang Geng Jingzhong also worried that he would not guarantee, so he took the initiative to call the vassal to test the Emperor Kangxi. However, Emperor Kangxi was still too young. He felt that Wu Sangui and Geng Jingzhong mainly demanded to withdraw the vassal is a good thing, and finally agreed with their requirements.

Wu Sangui was very disappointed with this, and his determination to rebel was even more firm; and Geng Jingzhong's power was relatively weak, so he was overwhelmed, so he decided to observe the development of the situation.

Emperor Kangxi also sent people to Yunnan and Fujian to urge Wu Sangui and Geng Jingzhong to move as soon as possible. Wu Sangui's subordinates did not want to leave, so Wu Sangui suggested that Wu Sangui started his troops. The generals of the soldiers were in the middle of Wu Sangui, so they rose to fight against each other, killing the imperial court messeng and the governor of Yunnan Zhu Guozhi, and quickly occupied Hunan, and the soldiers were close to Hubei and Jiangxi.

Geng Jingzhong heard that Wu Sangui had been in his troops, and knew that things were completely at all. He just didn't fight against it, and his king couldn't hold it anymore.

Later, Geng Jingzhong also heard that Wu Sangui's heart was also rebelled against Wu Sangui, who was the Governor of Shaanxi, Wang Fuchen and Sichuan chief, Wu Zhimao, and other soldiers. Geng Jingzhong faced Wu Sangui's winning and intimidation, and felt that he would not be rebellious, so he took the troops in Fujian to respond to Wu Sangui, and soon occupied most of Zhejiang.

It was a firm attitude of Guangdong's Moji. He has always been a firm follower of the Qing Dynasty. However, Shang Ke's son Shang Zhixin was worried that his son was not guaranteed, so he sent troops to surround the Mansion Mansion, and then led the Guangdong soldiers to rebel.

At this point, all the San Francisco rebelled, the Qing court was greatly shocked. Emperor Kangxi was at a loss, and he was deeply blamed for his reckless act.

In fact, Geng Jingzhong is not a good thing. He converged in Fujian, "harshly assumed the battle, extorted silver rice", so he accumulated a lot of wealth.

Geng Jingzhong has built thousands of acres of palace in Fuzhou Fujian Fuzhou and Mintian. Its luxury is comparable to the palace. All kinds of strange treasures are full of themselves. The people of Fujian were so angry about Geng Jingzhong, but some generals in the army were very dissatisfied with him, which also laid some hidden dangers for his later annihilation.

Since the outbreak of the San Francisco rebellion in the twelfth year of Kangxi, the toasts in Yunnanchuan and other places have responded. It has also responded to ethnic minorities such as Burnie in Chahar Mongolia and Melgen, Qinghai. Forces, there are members of the Ming Dynasty royal family and the former Ming Dynasty, and even Taiwan Zheng Jing Group, opposite the sea, also participated in it. With the support of so many people, the strength is so strong. If there is no problem in the rebellious group, if the Qing court does not come up with the right countermeasures, then the Qing Dynasty may be destroyed.

After calm down, Emperor Kangxi sucked all aspects of opinions, and finally made a final decision: for the creation of anti -head Wu Sangui, resolutely crack down on it; for other rebellious groups or individuals In order to weaken Wu Sangui's wings, he eventually wasolated.

Under the trend of this principle, Emperor Kangxi first sent someone to persuade Wang Fuchen. Wang Fuchen is a good buddy of Wu Sangui. He has been in Shaanxi for many years. He is an excellent general and holds tens of thousands of heavy soldiers. He is very powerful.

However, Wang Fulin was born in the farmer uprising in the late Ming Dynasty. The cultural level was not high, and he was a person at both ends of the mouse. Lalai seduced him, eventually successfully persuaded him, and recovered his military power.

Wang Fuchen's surrender is an important turning point of the San Francisco's chaos, because it lifted the threat of the Qing court in the northwest and could deal with the Southwest.

After the situation gradually favored the Qing court, the rebels began to loosen. First, Zheng Jing was anxious to make profits, and even sent troops to fight for the four states of the coast of Fujian. Essence At that time, Geng Jingzhong's more than 100,000 troops were scattered in Fujian and Zhejiang, so he was tired of his life and finally lost Zhejiang.

When Shu Jie was about to attack Fujian, Emperor Kangxi felt that the time was ripe, so he ordered Shu Jie to persuade Geng Jingzhong. Jieshu repaired Geng Jingzhong, and asked him to know the current affairs as Jun Jie. Instead of being killed, he was better than led the crowd to fall.

At the same time, Emperor Kangxi arrested Geng Jingzhong's brothers in Beijing, and then wrote a scripture to him, saying that his brother was caught, and asked him to get lost early and follow the court. Together Zheng Jing together.

Geng Jingzhong faced the threat and draw of the Qing court, and began to shake, so he returned a letter to Shu Jie, saying that if he could keep his king, it was good to discuss, but give him some time to come. Do a little problem.

After deciding to surrender, Geng Jingzhong was prepared for surrender. First, Fan Chengmo, the governor of Fujian, who had been imprisoned by him, was killed secretly, because there were too many things that this person knew, and it was very unfavorable for his surrender. Geng Jingzhong also ordered Fujian to appoint to resume shaving (before, he ordered the Han people to save his hair), and sent his "President's General Seal" to Shu Jie.

But Geng Jingzhong is a smart person. On the one hand, he is ready to surrender, and on the other hand, the sailor is ready to escape.

Shu Jie is also a personal essence. He knows that Geng Jingzhong might escape, and he has already rejected Geng Jingzhong's close relative Xu Wenhuan with senior official Hou Ze.

Geng Jingzhong saw that he had only one way to surrender, so he expressed his body and led the hundred officials out of the city to surrender Shu Jie. Shu Jie let Geng Jingzhong continue to serve as King Jingnan and led the army to annihilate Zheng Jing. Geng Jingzhong was fortunate to keep his promise and was very grateful to Dade, so he led his soldiers to fight Zheng Jing.

In the subsequent days, Geng Jingzhong first annihilated Zheng Jing's army, and then followed the Qing army to attack Shang Zhixin and forced the letter to surrender. His credit could not be described.

In the fifteenth year of Kangxi, General Wu Sangui Sun Yanling and others successively surrendered the Qing court or were killed. In addition, Wu Sangui died in the 17th year of Kangxi, and the rebels began to go downhill. The Qing army focused on attacking Hunan, and finally surrounded Yunnan. In the 20th year of Kangxi, the three -year -old San Francisco chaos was completely over.

So, Geng Jingzhong, as a person who has a contribution to Pingzhi San Francisco, was executed by Emperor Kangxi Ling?

After Geng Jingzhong surrendered, the reason why he fought to fight was not to obtain the trust of Emperor Kangxi and thus protecting himself. However, when the Qing court was about to win in the 19th year of Kangxi, some people reported that Geng Jing's loyalty was not dead, which aroused great attention from Emperor Kangxi.

In fact, there are many people who have the same ideas as Geng Jingzhong, such as Xu Hongye, his subordinates. Xu Hongzheng is one of the generals who are not very satisfied with Geng Jingzhong. He feels that he wants to atone for merit and obtain a better way to promotion. It is not possible to rely on Geng Jingzhong to fight with Geng Jingzhong. He has to think of other ways.

After thinking about it, Xu Hongzheng found a way, that is, to expose Geng Jingzhong to become all himself, he wrote a gall and gave it to Emperor Kangxi, saying that Geng Jingzhong rebelled and rebelled.

This problem is very sensitive, even if Geng Jingzhong has no rebellion, it is completely irreversible. Geng Jingzhong's brother Geng Zhaozhong was in Beijing at that time. In order to suffer, he also came forward to reveal that Geng Jingzhong wanted to rebel again.

This is a bit interesting, Emperor Kangxi decided to take some actions. In fact, in Emperor Kangxi's heart, he is incurable to eliminate Geng Jingzhong. This has nothing to do with Geng Jingzhong's conspiracy, that is, to look at this problem based on the plan of cutting the Fragrance, it is also a matter of time.

But this matter cannot be anxious or publicized, so Xu Hongyi's memorial "stays in the middle." In fact, as early as the death of Wu Sangui in the seventeenth year of Kangxi, Shu Jie had written by Emperor Kangxi to kill Geng Jingzhong. Shu Jie had promised to retain Geng Jingzhong's throne, but he suggested that Emperor Kangxi killed him in his back. It can be seen that Geng Jingzhong was used. It was sooner or later.

However, at the time, Emperor Kangxi did not agree with Shu Jie's request. The reason he gave was that killing Geng Jingzhong would make those who had surrendered chill, which was not conducive to further persuasion of the rebels.

However, when Xu Hongzhang reported Geng Jing to rebel, the situation was still a bit different. At that time, the Qing army had achieved great advantages. Wu Sangui's residual forces were eliminated. In order to stabilize, Emperor Kangxi felt that he could not wait for the San Francisco's chaos to completely calm down Geng Jingzhong, and he couldn't clean him up at that time. If he could control him first.

Emperor Kangxi also felt that if he could design Geng Jingzhong to Beijing, it would naturally be the best. To achieve this, Emperor Kangxi set up a game on Geng Jingzhong.

First of all, Emperor Kangxi asked Geng Zhaozhong to return to Fuzhou to lead troops to station, and Geng Jingzhong led some troops to be stationed in Chaozhou, which dispersed Geng Jingzhong's military power;

Immediately afterwards, Emperor Kangxi asked Geng Jingzhong to return Geng Jingzhong to Fuzhou on the grounds of relocating Geng Jingzhong's grandfather and father to Fuzhou. This is for Geng Jingzhong to leave the army. When you arrive in Fuzhou, you can be controlled by Geng Zhaozhong;

In the end, Emperor Kangxi asked Shu Jie to find Geng Jingzhong who had been deceived and persuaded him to invite himself to Beijing.

Geng Jingzhong was not stupid. If he knew that there was no good thing, he couldn't drag it. But at the end of the 19th year of Kangxi, the fall of Yunnan had been on the board. Geng Jingzhong knew that the Qing court would not be able to "persuade" the rebels. If he continued to drag, the Qing court may be right. He was "resistant to strictness" and got up to Beijing.

As soon as Geng Jingzhong arrived in Beijing, Emperor Kangxi let people go to Chaozhou to take over the army, and then showed him the memorials of his generals at all levels, asking him to discuss with the Ministry of Criminal Affairs. As a result, the result of the handling of the Ministry of Criminal was that the evidence of the human evidence was all, and Geng Jingzhong did have the meaning of rebellion. Geng Jingzhong could not refute, but he could only write his own guilty and request forgiveness.

The San Francisco's chaos has not yet been flat. Emperor Kangxi feels that the time is immature, so he just revolved with the king of Geng Jingzhong and asked him to wear crimes in Beijing. The memorial, saying that Geng Jingzhong "negatives to rebellion, and the sin is greater than the faith of Shang." Emperor Kangxi ordered Geng Jingzhong and his relatives to be executed.

After Geng Jingzhong died, Fan Chengmo's son Fan Shi Chong, who was killed, cut off his meat and took away Fan Chengmo's grave to worship to comfort his father's spirit of heaven.

Geng Jingzhong was dead. In addition, Shang Zhizhi's letter that had been executed by Emperor Kangxi before that, and Wu Sangui, the grandson of Wu Sangui, who was defeated, and Wu Shizhen, the San Francisco's forces disappeared. Emperor Kangxi was treated with Geng Jingzhong's family members. They continued to enjoy the rich and rich in the Qing Dynasty, and became the Han army's Zhenghuangqi flag.

In summary, from the day of Emperor Kangxi's decision to cut the Fan, San Francisco could not exist. Geng Jingzhong continued to resist stubbornness, whether it was surrender or continued to resist, and the final ending was doomed.