Regarding combing your hair, the history you have to know, from comb to dressing, you can see a person’s status

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Regarding combing your hair, the history you have to know, from comb to dressing, you can see a person’s status

2022-05-16 12:15:21 22 ℃

Combs, so I will always be given to the loved one as a gift, and it must be engraved on it carefully. This gift has become the unique heart in the world. That "lazily set the cloud plundering moon" is a painting of women's dressing in front of the window. In fact, the comb has a long history as a gift. In addition to rationalizing the hair, it is also covered with full -bodied. This sharp and teether has a classic gentleness. Women in the Tang and Song dynasties love to insert row, and the popular way of inserting a row is inserted in the middle of the front forehead; in the middle of the forehead, a pair of rows on the upper and lower strokes are placed on the top of the forehead; ; Above the forehead with two pairs of three pairs of row, each-each opposite opposite.


In the "Clear Records" of Tao Gu in the Song Dynasty, there was a Luoyang young Cui Yuqing who threw 200,000 yuan to create a green ivory combed for the famous prostitute Yurunzi. Ivory comb is expensive, and it is dyed and carved through complicated craftsmanship. Naturally, it is naturally worthy. At that time, the 200,000 dollars at that time were enough to buy a house. I do n’t know what kind of ingenuity should be spent. Coincidentally, in the American novel "Mai Qi's Gift", the husband sold his ancestral gold watch, leaned out, and only bought a set of jewelry combination, with his wife's head. Change a platinum bracelet, sadly missed, but it has some moving sweetness.

The hair is a husband and wife, and love is not doubtful

If you think about it, the tenderness of the combing is actually given the blue silk. The ancients believed that "the body is skin -skinned, and the parents who are not dared to destroy", and the humiliation caused by the "punishment" of the hair is even better than the flesh brought by the "answer to punishment". The ritual of combing her hair is solemnly up.

In "Book of Rites. Inner Rules": "Ten five years, and twenty to marry." Zheng Xuan Note on the Eastern Han Dynasty: "It should be promised by the year. , Twenty. "In other words, women aged fifteen to 20 years old will make a lot of gifts when they are married, and they will add the gifts of the men. However, if a woman is not hired at the age of 20, she can also be feasible and may not be related to marriage. It was just that in the future, the ritual of the crown was abolished, and the original ceremony was evolved into the ceremony of dressing up before the cabinet. In the upper ceremony, family members often invite "good life -buddies", while sorting their hair for the bride, singing the ballad of good wishes: "One combs to the end, two combed white hair, three combinations." The girl The chaotic mood to be married was gradually raised by this gentle melody. In the formal wedding ceremony, it is also indispensable to participate. "Book of Rites. Qu Li" cloud: "Women may marry, 缨."


In ancient times, the woman Xu paired with a silk rope. On the day of marriage, the groom will unlock the silk rope by himself, for the gift of removing. Later, this ritual gradually evolved into a "harmony" wedding instrument, such as the Song Dynasty "Tokyo Menghua Record" recorded. After the newlywed couple worshiped, "men left and women, left a few hair. , Wooden comb, beard and the like, which is called the combination of buns. "This is the poem of Lang Wenmao, who is written to the young woman in the Tang Dynasty, in the" Night Song "of the Tang Dynasty female poet:" Cut the clouds with both the clouds, Lang Lang It is also divided into silk hair. Find to no one, and make a concentric knot. "The two took one 绺, and they became concentric knots of silk around. The vowing day's wish must be sacred.

Because of this, the only "hair loss" ceremony can only be held by the original couple, and it is a very private thing between the husband and wife. In the novel "Ghost Record" written by Liu Qingyi in the Southern Dynasty, a spiritual but moving story was recorded. According to legend, at the beginning of Jin Taiyuan, Jian Jian sent general Yang An to attack Xiangyang. Among the soldiers of the soldiers, the fellow people returned to their hometown for their funerals. The buns for me are still there. "The wife rushed to see, and she found her husband's body, and the bun on the husband's head was still carefully combed before the expedition.

Combing the way of combing

In fact, the earliest and easiest combs of humans are both hands. Lu You said in the poem "The East Mountains to Nanyan": "Just like the scaling must be crawled", the so -called "climbing comb is obviously combing the movement of the hair. Even if it is combed with a hand, it is very laborious to come. Therefore, the comb came from the emergence of the neolithic era in Liu Lin, Yongchang, Yongchang, Gansu County, Jiangsu County. Comb is likely to be made by five fingers.

Dressing utensils

In addition, a considerable number of ivory comb, jade comb, stone comb and wood comb were unearthed in the tomb of the Neolithic Age. Among them, in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, a large number of jade combs carved with patterns were unearthed from the Liangzhu Cultural Site, which is 4,000 to 5,000 years, and

The Dawenkou cultural site, which is about 5000 years, also found exquisite rotation ivory comb, indicating that the comb was except for practical functions at that time, which had a certain aesthetic value.

In the pre -Qin Dynasty, the comb has become a commonly used appliance in people's lives. "Book of Rites · Inner" Yun, his son served his parents, and his daughter -in -law served his aunt. He wanted to get up when he was chicken. Different combed needs also correspond to different materials. "Book of Rites. Yuzao" said: "Mu Yi and beams, the row is rowed, and the hair is used to use the elephant." It is required to wash with the water of Taoyu and wash the surface of the sorghum. "Run" is the total name of the comb. After washing, the wet hair should be combed with beyl wood comb, and the dry hair is easy to stagnate and knotted, and you need to switch to the exquisite ivory comb. Several pairs of wood combed and keratin were unearthed in the tomb of the Ma Wangdui in the Western Han Dynasty. The combing part of the combing back has evolved from the long shape of the Neolithic era to semi -circular. It is more suitable for hand -controlled handlebars. In addition, the Naya site in Xinjiang also unearthed the beast pattern bags during the Han and Jin dynasties, with a pair of wooden comb. Dresser

So, what is the difference between Yulu and comb? According to the "Note of the Words", the ancient work of "Comb" is "sparse", which is sparsely sparse, and the ancient work of "篦" is "comparison". , Its teeth are more fine and more than the comb. If it is just combing the hairstyle, it is enough to use a comb, and the use of the pupa is more focused on cleaning. The ancient sanitary conditions are probably not very good. When the famous Wei and Jin scholars talk about the earth, they can catch a lice from the clothes. Instead, they are considered a real move. allusion. But the lice on the body are easy to clean up, and the hair that is dense and long is annoying if it is hiding a small bug. In order to remove the gray dirt and lice between the hair, people produced the finely combed tweezers, and the scalp combed to the end, which could just solve the itch and dirt. Therefore, the sister -in -law was originally called "篦虮" at first, and the descendants were suspected of being "indecent characters, and they were changed to" 篦 篦 ". It is dedicated to sorting out the small combing of the beard. The Qing people Chu people won the "Jian Ji Ji" that when the Prime Minister of the Northern Song Dynasty, Wang An Shi went to the beard, and Song Shenzong couldn't help laughing, but Wang Anshi himself did not herself. I feel that it is necessary to use Hu Coming. The Hu Coming in Wuxi Shuo Shi was unearthed in the tomb of the Ming Dynasty. The set is the portable ornament of men.


Interestingly, the ancients cleaned their hair with comb, and built another comb to clean up. The tomb of the Han Dynasty was often produced: the copper handle brush, many people think that it is the brush of cleaning comb. In the Ming Dynasty Wang Fang (the Three Talent Map Clubs use a broom ", there is also a record of" the broom is going to comb. " The shape of the ear -digging spoon is used in two things, and it is quite thoughtful.

The combing itself can actually be used by one thing. The ancients admired the health effects of combing. Tao Hongjing, a medical scientist in the Northern and Southern Dynasties: "The head is several row, the blood flow is not stagnant, and the roots are often erected. Wooden tooth Dan, the clouds are combed every morning, then the hair is fixed to the wind, and the face is pleasant. In fact, the combing of hair may not have the magical health effect, but it can stimulate the blood circulation of the head, which has certain benefits to the health of the hair. In addition, the Tang Dynasty Wang Ye's "Secrets of the Foreign Taiwan" used the method of "golden cricket" to treat cataracts. This golden cricket is actually a metal -made needle -shaped surgical device. Its shape is similar to the sharp teeth of dumplings, but it is not one object for the ravioli used for comb.

The aesthetic trend of inserting combing

In addition to actual use, the comb also assumes important spiritual meaning. A large number of jade combout unearthed in the Liangzhu Cultural Site is almost placed near the head of the person, and the back is high, the carved is exquisite, and the pattern is complicated. One of the common types of gods and human patterns with inverted trapezoidal crown ornaments on the head, which is quite similar to the combs at that time. We can speculate based on this that this pattern is likely to be reflected by the crowning custom at that time. The aristocratic leaders will insert these jade on top of the buns to show their lofty status.

Related picture

The aristocracy takes combination as a crown, and its identity meaning is much greater than the decorative significance. In the subsequent Qin and Han dynasties, although women used combed, they did not seem to study. True customs that are decorative are generally considered to originate from Wei and Jin. A group of female music figurines and female servants were unearthed in the Tomb of the Sixteen Kingdoms of Pingling, Xianyang, Shaanxi. In the Tang Dynasty, the wind was very strong. The common way is to insert the method, that is, a combing of the bun in front of the bun. In addition, there is an oblique insertion method, as Mrs. Hua Rui's "Gong Words" said, "Slowly inserting silver and slowly wraping the head". As the combing is made small and delicate, the atmosphere of small comb is popular. The women described in the Tang Dynasty Zhang Xuan's "Practice" were inserted with several small comb on her head. In the "Palace Words" of the Tang Dynasty, the clouds: "The jade cicada golden bird is plugged in three layers, and the green buns are tall and green. The spring breeze of the dance is blowing the ground. scene.

After the middle of the Tang Dynasty, an exaggerated combing method also appeared, that is, two large combs are inserted in front of the bun. Tang people Zhou's "(Watching Ladies' Map" has a woman using this hair accessory. However, as a decorative comb, it is not as heavy as it looks like. The actual use of combing hair only uses light gold, silver, and copper carving patterns to cut out combed teeth. It is dedicated to tied to the hair as a decoration. Comb on your hair. Due to the luxurious style, Tang Wenzong also ordered the princess in the second year of Taihe (828): Every time in the future, you must not be combined. Reduce. On the support of the murals in the Mogao Grottoes, Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes in the late Tang Dynasty, there are women who have a golden hair combed with golden hair.

In people's impression, the costume style of the Song Dynasty was often restrained than the Tang Dynasty, but hair accessories seemed to be an exception. In the Song Dynasty, there were no longer a small combination of combing, and there were fewer combinations that were worn on weekdays, but the combs worn during tourism were getting bigger and bigger.

The shape is getting more and more public. Among them, the most eye -catching is the "crown comb". From the middle of the Northern Song Dynasty to the Southern Song Dynasty, women particularly prefer high crowns, big buns, and big comb. The higher the hair bun, the better, and sometimes it is installed with fake buns. The crown decoration is often made of gold and silver jade. The large corolla is as high as three feet, wide and shoulders, etc., drooping and shoulders on both sides, and then inserting a long wide tooth comb. The number is embedded in the crown, and the name is "one year". However, women with such makeup must have a sense of perseverance and balance to maintain their buns without falling. It is said that the size of this corolla is too large, so that when women go to the sedan and enter the door, they must be careful and enter the side.

At this point, the Women of the Metropolitan City's obsession and Gui Gui also attracted the attention of the court. In October (1049) in the first year of Huangyou, Song Renzong deliberately described it: "The woman served by the crown, no more than four inches, no more than one foot, no more than four inches, and there is still no no longer. You can do it. "It not only limits the size of the crown and comb, but also prohibits expensive white corner comb. However, social customs are not easy to reverse. After the death of Renzong, people were combed with ivory and crickets, and the luxurious wind prevailed. In the Southern Song Dynasty, the exaggerated high -crowns were relatively rare, but women's headdress still advocated richness, and combing her hair became the most important thing since the Tang and Song dynasties.