Jiangxi removed Haixunhou, as well as the first tomb in the Shang Dynasty in Jiangnan!Its emergence rewritten the Chinese national spectrum system

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Jiangxi removed Haixunhou, as well as the first tomb in the Shang Dynasty in Jiangnan!Its emergence rewritten the Chinese national spectrum system

2022-05-19 18:26:11 14 ℃

The tomb of the Xinkong Shang Dynasty in Jiangxi was selected as one of the "Hundred Years of Archaeological Discovery"

From 1921 to 2021, Chinese archeology has gone through a hundred years of glory. Several generations of archeologists bowed to the fields, dived from the bottom of the sea, and made our origin, the glory of the ancestors, and the context of history, as if the scrolls were slowly stretched. In the past 100 years, the legend has been confirmed, forgotten has been picked up, and tradition has been subverted. Among them, the birth of Jiangxi's newly -codenamed tomb, which subverted the tradition and embellished the spectrum of the Chinese nation.

1. New genealogy: the discovery of the new candie business on behalf of the tomb

On September 20, 1989, the villagers were repaired as the dyke of the dyke as usual, and the villagers were taking the dyke on a deserted land like previous years. But unlike the past, today the villagers can always dig some strange things such as bricks, copper coins, pottery pots, etc. The villagers did not care about it at first, until they exclaimed, and a bunch of them were dug out of the ground. Rusty mottled bronze!

Although the villagers have no culture, human instincts convince them that this must be some valuable goods, so under the grabbing of the villagers, the pile of bronze wares have no trace.

The construction location was dug out of the baby? The news was spreading, and it was immediately uploaded to the ears of many leaders in Xingan County at that time. At that time, the deputy head of Xingan County, who was in charge of the cultural undertakings, was sensitive to the unusual place behind this, so he led the police and village cadres to recover these bronze wares and keep it properly.

At that time, there was just an archeological team in the site of Niutou City near Xingan County. After receiving the news, the archeological team all rushed to Chengjia Village, Datangzhou Township. Of course, not only the archeological team received the news, but also the villagers from several nearby villages. When the archeological team arrived at the scene, they found that the scene had been surrounded by thousands of people.

Overlooking the cemetery from a distance

After the preliminary exploration, the archeological team initially determined that this was a major archeological discovery, but the specific situation was to be tapped further. At that time, the situation can be said to be foggy. The archeological team can only choose to act with caution and start a small -scale clean -up site. Although it is a small -scale mining, a large number of cultural relics are still unearthed. Fighting spirit.

At the same time, after receiving the information, the State Cultural Relics Bureau and other relevant institutions immediately sent the expert group to come to the scene. Archaeological team members meals and rain. After night, all the field archeological work was completed in early December. Subsequently, all cultural relics were shipped to the Jiangxi Provincial Museum for finishing and repairing. According to statistics afterwards, more than thousands of cultural relics unearthed from Xingan County, Jiangxi Province, and more than 400 bronze wares, the most bronze wares unearthed from Jiangnan!

Cultural relics unearthed scene

It is a pity that after more than 3,000 years and close to the river, the tombs are often overwhelmed by the river. Therefore, the original tomb and coffin of the tomb have disappeared, let alone the body of the tomb owner, archeological players, and archeological players. We found only 24 teeth, and the 24 teeth came from one woman and two children. Archaeological players can only determine the approximate position of the tomb under limited conditions.

Perhaps the number of cultural relics does not seem to show how significant the significance of this archeological discovery is. If you want to understand why the discovery of the tomb of Xingan County can be listed as one of the "Hundred Years of Archaeological Discovery", and why the discovery of this tomb will subvert people's understanding, then you have to get from the age of this tomb. Speaking.

The tomb of Xingan County belongs to the tomb of the late Shang Dynasty in my country. When it comes to the Shang Dynasty, what is the impression of his territory? In the impression of the general public, the scope of Xia, Shang, and Zhou seems to be concentrated in the Yellow River Basin, and the muddy and humid south are still considered to be a land that is very deserted in the Qin and Han dynasties. This is the case of Qin and Han, let alone the business generation.

In fact, this impression is not that we intend to ignore the south, but whether from historical or archeological discovery, the core of the summer, Shang, and Wednesday generations is located in the Yellow River Basin. This can be seen from the following two maps of the Shang Dynasty. Climbing:

The Map of Shang Dynasty in the Book of Qin Ding Siku

The Map of Shang Dynasty in "Chinese History Atlas"

Whether it is the "Siku Quanshu" edited by the Qing Dynasty, or the atlas edited by contemporary scholars, in their concepts, there is basically no developed civilization in the south. The appearance of that era in our minds.

However, in 1989, the tomb of the Shang Dynasty in Xingan County, Jiangxi Province was born. Its unearthed cultural relics are rich in style, exquisite skills, and grand grade. According to experts from experts, a large number of bronze wares unearthed have significant indigenous characteristics, indicating that these bronze wares are made locally and are made locally. It was not introduced from the Central Plains, that is to say, at that time, there were mature mineral mining, bronze manufacturing and other technologies in the south. Therefore, the discovery of the tomb has rewritten history and announced that there was a Fang country that was parallel with the Shang Dynasty more than 3,000 years ago. The national spectrum has become richer and diverse.

Second, shock the world: the cultural relics of ingenuity

The discovery of the tomb of Xingan County, Jiangxi Province broke the understanding of people in the past. With a large number of exquisite unearthed cultural relics, it shocked the entire archeological community and attracted countless viewers to see its appearance. The cultural relics unearthed from Da Tomb in Xingan County, Jiangxi Province not only include bronze wares such as rituals, weapons, agricultural tools, but also a large number of ceramics and jade articles, but the most famous is those confusing bronze wares. Next What are the bronze that shocked the world. Bronze and Bird Tiger. This bronze is unique. A double -tailed tiger's limbs are bent. It seems to be lying and like to flutter. The body pattern is clear. The texture is clear. The unique harmony of the ancients. This seemingly prestigious bronze ware also has a sense of joy. The protruding eyes and rough teeth are hollowed out. If you appreciate it from the front, it will always make people can't help it.

Bronze Fubird double -tailed tiger, now hidden in the Jiangxi Provincial Museum

Double -sided God Bronze Mask. At first glance, did you think of the weird mask unearthed from Sanxingdui in Guanghan? The double -sided bronze mask is very profound, half -man and half god, with symmetrical shapes. The round tube on the top can be inserted with feathers. Experts believe that this mask is mainly used for sacrifice, so this mask is mysterious and weird, and it can't help but be afraid.

Double -sided god bronze mask, now hidden in the Jiangxi Museum

Lilu ears are four -legged bronze. The so -called kitchen is the kitchen utensil used by Shang and Zhou people to cook. When cooking, the bottom is raised at the bottom, and food is placed in the cricket. The large volume of 构 is generally a combination of the upper and lower sturgeons, and this one unearthed from the large tomb of the Shang Dynasty in Xingan County is no exception. The difference is that this bronze is huge, with four columns at the bottom, and there are two opposite Ludu reviews on the top. This bronze “also has the title of" king ".

In addition, a large number of jade articles in the tomb are also amazing. There is a crystal cover, crystal clear, warm and pure, without flaws, as well as accessories such as green cicada, green frogs, jade fish, etc., exquisite shapes, which are very beautiful and make people make people look exquisite. Can't believe this is more than 3,000 thousand years of crafts!

Crystal sleeves unearthed in the tomb III, confusing: The identity of the new cadres on behalf of the tomb

Although it has been nearly thirty years since the discovery of the Great Tomb of the Shang Dynasty in Xingan County, Jiangxi Province, the true identity of the Great Tomb of the Shang Dynasty in Xingan County is still a mystery. Fang Kingdom, but which one of the Fang Kingdom is specifically, there is no conclusion so far.

To be sure, the tomb of the Shang Dynasty in Xingan County was identified as part of Wucheng culture, and Wucheng culture was identified as the first Shang Dynasty cultural site in Jiangnan by experts. Even Mr. Su Bingqi lamented "Yin Ruins Culture across the Yangtze River, another spring in the south of the country ", Jiangnan, this spring, opened in the Shang Dynasty more than 3,000 years ago.

Although it is said that the identity of the Great Tomb of the Xingan County is still a mystery, the academic community still has several speculations on this. Among them, the most widely spread is the saying that the tomb of the Shang Dynasty in Xingan County is the remains of Hufang Guo.

There are no history books in Tiger Fang Kingdom, but later scholars have found related records in Oracle, such as "Yihai, chasing tiger recipes", "Public Tiger Tiger Fang, Costing in Zu Yi, November", etc., etc. They all declared the existence of Hufang, a country of Shang Dynasty.

So why did Hufang contact the tomb of the Shang Dynasty in Xingan County? First of all, the experts speculate that the landmark of Tiger Fang is located in the south based on the records of Oracle, which is very similar to the location of the Great Tomb of Xingan County. Secondly, the country of Tiger Fang worshiped tigers, and a large number of bronze wares with tiger elements were unearthed in the tomb of the Shang Dynasty in Xingan County. Tiger flat -footed bronze Ding. This bronze tripod is not only flat -footed, but also has two tigers on Ding's ears. This design is unique to Jiangxi. In addition, a large number of cultural relics with tiger elements also fully show that the tomb of the Shang Dynasty in Xingan County has a soft spot for the tiger, which is very consistent with the Tiger's totem worship.

Bronze with tiger elements

However, according to the records of Oracle and Jinwen, some scholars speculate that Tiger Fang Kingdom should be located north of today's Hanshui, and the regions south of Jingshan. After the Zhou Dynasty, Hufang may have migrated along the Hanshui and the Yangtze River. However, if it is insisted to connect Hufang with the tomb of the Shang Dynasty in Xingan County, it is a bit not right.

Therefore, we cannot immediately determine the true identity of the tomb of Shang Dynasty in Xingan County. There are many evidences that have been annihilated in the long river of history, but this does not affect this "Jiangnan Bronze Kingdom". The status.

The cultural relics exhibition of the cultural relics exhibition unearthed from the tomb of the Shang and Zhou dynasties of Xingan County said

The birth of the Great Tomb of the Shang Dynasty in Xingan County, Jiangxi Province has completely broken people's traditional concepts and announced to the world that in the Shang Dynasty more than 3,000 years ago, our ancestors have created developed developments between Daze Honghu. civilization. While marveling at the exquisite cultural relics, we also get inspiration: the origin of civilization may not be one yuan, but diverse, and the context of its development may not be single -line, but multi -line. This requires us to re -examine our origin.

references

Jiangxi Provincial Museum: "New Gan Business Tomb", Cultural Relics Publishing House, 1997.

Sun Yabing, Lin Huan: "Shang Dynasty Geography and Fang Guo", China Social Science Press, 2010.

(Author: Haoran Literature and History · Jing Su)

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