In addition to the United States, why the Federal Germany is the country with the strongest military power during the NATO camp during the Cold War.

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In addition to the United States, why the Federal Germany is the country with the strongest military power during the NATO camp during the Cold War.

2022-06-23 06:20:09 8 ℃

Federal Germany, referred to as West Germany, is the early years of the Cold War in the end of the World War II. It was a new country that was consolidated by the original German and U.S. occupation areas, British occupation areas, and French occupation areas.

It is worth mentioning that after World War II, the German army was dissolved by the Allies and the Soviets. But with the outbreak of the Cold War, Federal Germany became the strongest country in the entire NATO military. The United States ranks first in NATO and the second in Germany.

What are the historical reasons behind the federal German military power?

Above_Fede Germany (West Germany) Democratic Germany (East Germany)

First, the geographical location of West Germany and the lack of US military military power in Europe have laid a solid foundation for West Germany to become the first military power of Europe.

The first Berlin crisis exacerbated European tensions. In 1949, the U.S. military only had one division in Europe. In order to prevent the Soviet army's offensive, the US military continued to increase troops to Europe. In the end, before the founding of the Federal Defense Force, NATO's combat forces that could be invested in Europe had 12 divisions. The NATO coalition forces of these 12 divisions were facing the pressure of 50 to 60 divisions in the Soviet army in Eastern Europe. In order to respond to the pressure of Soviet and Eastern European coalition forces, the United States decided to re -armed Federal Germany and form the Federal German Defense Forces.

Above_west German Defense Force

In addition to the insufficient military force of the US military in Europe, it has become the basic reasons for the development of Western Germany's military forces, and the geopolitical location of the Federal German European Germany has also developed the rapid development of the Federal German military power. Former US President Truman highly evaluated the Federal Germany "Non -West Germany, and European defense was just a defender war on the Atlantic Ocean. With Germany, a depth of defense can resist the threat from the Oriental (Soviet Union)."

General Eisenhower, the highest commander of World War II Allies, asserted that "as the center of Europe, West Germany has significant strategic significance. West Germany stood on the NATO, from the Baltic Sea to the Alps is a complete front." Military and political generals evaluated West Germany's strategic significance to the United States and NATO. This allows West Germany's military strength to develop rapidly with the support of the United States.

Above_Davat David Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 -March 28, 1969)

Secondly, with the support of the United States, the Federal German government recruited the Germans and officers of the Germans and officers of the Federal War in the first Second World War. The Western German Defense Forces became the heir to a certain extent.

After World War II, there were millions of veterans in Germany. These veterans had been fighting hundreds of battles and became the "preferred materials" for the reconstruction of Western Germany after World War II. However, these veterans generally hate the war. In addition, after the 1950s after World War II, the Federal German economy entered a period of rapid development. People wanted to make good money and never wanted to fight. In the 1950s, the reconstruction of the Federal German army did not have much public opinion.

As a result, the Prime Minister of West Germany Adenner decided to "low -key" the West Germany army. Adenner came to the Rhineland-Pharz region to discuss the founding of the founding army with the German generals of World War II. The army was named "Federal Defense Force", showing the inheritance of the Western German army and the German Defense Forces in World War II. Winke, who rescued Hitler during the Berlin Campaign, came to Argentina and asked the former West German army to return to China to return to China.

Under the permission of the United States, Federal Germany established a 10,000 police force in 1951. By May 1955, West Germany joined NATO, and the opportunity to build an army had matured. In June 1955, the West Germany army was formally established.

Above_west West Germany

Most of the generals of the West German army are the commanders of the former German army, including:

The core figures of the West Germany Army, Aduv Horingh, and Speidal were the Lieutenant Generals of the Followers of the Previous World War II, and Adofhaus Singh had served as the director of the Battle Division of the German Staff of Hitler. Stardar has been a Defense Allies for the Defense Allies of the German B Army's military chief of the German B Group for the Defense Army. After receiving the appointment of the West Germany government, Haosunh became the first director of the West Germany army (equivalent to the military commander or chief of staff), and Strandal was the second director of the West German army.

Most of the generals of the West Germany are commanders of the former Germans, and some are still war criminals on the Soviet list. However, in order to unify the Soviet Union, the United States opened his eyes and closed his eyes for these German generals during World War II, and the Soviet protest was helpless. After all, Strangar and other generals have participated in the Soviet -German war. Compared with the US general, Sta Dal is more familiar with the Soviet situation, so that the former German generals such as Strangar and other German generals commanded the Federal Germany and NATO to fight against the Soviets offensive. Essence

Above_Hans Speidal (1897-1984) is a German soldier

There is an episode in it. In the late 1950s, Stardal became the commander of the NATO Allied Central and European ground forces, directing the Western and British and American troops to deal with the Soviets. Many French generals believe that this approach is inappropriate. After all, Stardal is the chief of staff of the German B Group Army, and was defeated by the British and American Allies. Let the original defeats commanded the army and other troops to fight the Soviets, so that the French psychology, which had been occupied by the Germans, was not a taste in the late World War II. The 4 most elite Divisions of the British army also returned to Sipadar, and the British believed that "Norman has landed in the white beating." It is worth mentioning that World War II and other World War II places such as Manstein and Goodrica also served West Germany's military strength. Guderian is a military adviser to West Germany to help West Germany and NATO establish a defense system against the Soviets. The Manstein was the senior military adviser of the West Germany's Ministry of Defense and the honorary chief of staff of the West German military and the honorary chief of staff of the West German military. The NATO military adviser. The "tactical master" of World War II provided many practical "dry goods" for the West German army. Essence

Above_Hatman and Hitler

The first commander of the West Germany Air Force Kam Hubel is the commander of the German Air Force Night Fighter forces during World War II. Bark Hornhot Hargras has shot down more than 270 rivals Jing Trams and other ace pilots. Jingterar also became the commander of the West Germany Air Force in the 1970s. Hartman became the commander of the 71st fighter wing equipped with the F86 fighter. Once the Cold War, the Soviet Air Force and the West Germany Air Force fought, the Soviet Air Force will face the resistance of the 71st fighter fighter wing by Hartman, the strongest ace pilot in World War II. The powerful combat effectiveness of the West Germany can be seen from this.

A large number of German officers and generals, including Manchstein, joined the West German army, allowing the actual combat capabilities of the West Germany to grow rapidly in a short period of time. According to relevant information statistics, nearly 20,000 soldiers in the Western German army participated in World War II Germans in the late 1950s. Until the early 1980s, the Western Germans still had officers who participated in the Germans of World War II.

Above_ The West German army during the Cold War period, using the MG3 machine gun and G3 rifle armored lameriner

Third, with the support of the United States, the Western German army's strength and weapons and equipment have grown rapidly. Coupled with the independent military system of West Germany, the overall strength of the West Germany army ranks among the best in NATO.

In response to the threat of the Soviet Union, the Western German authorities passed the implementation of the voluntary military service system in the summer of 1956, stipulating that West German citizens aged 18 to 45 must serve military service. By 1957, the five divisions of the West Germany Army were formed to enter the front line of the NATO defense of the Soviet army. By the end of 1959, the West Germany army had 8 divisions and 240,000 people.

By 1961, the total strength of the West Germany army was close to 500,000, 22,000 naval troops, and more than 160 types of speedboats and other ships. The West Germany Air Force has more than 1,000 aircraft. The West Germany army is generally equipped with the US -imported M47 tank, F86 fighter and semi -automatic rifle. Due to the good industrial foundation of West Germany, West Germany's military power can achieve 65%of the weapons self -sufficiency by 1962. The Leopard 1 and Leopard 2 tanks produced by West Germany's military enterprises are the direct reflection of West Germany's military and workers.

The appearance of Leopard 1 tank is a proof of West Germany's pursuit of independent military industry. When the West Germany Army was rebuilt, the United States provided West Germany with more than 2,000 M47 and M48 tanks. But the M48 tank does not meet West Germany's combat needs. West Germany decided to develop Leopard 1 tank. A total of 4,744 leopard 1 tanks were produced, and it was equipped with 2437 leopard 1 tanks. It also exported leopard 1 tanks to Belgium, Canada, Greece, Norway, Sweden, Turkey and other countries. The strength of West Germany's military industry can be seen from this.

Above_M47 Barton Tanks of Early Western German Defense Forces

Fourth, West Germany's army is equipped with advanced ballistic missiles. West Germany is equipped with 72 sets of Panxing 1 missile system imported from the United States. It can combat the Soviet target and important cities with the US Army missile forces.

According to relevant information, the West Germany Army was organized as three fields. Each field army had 5 divisions, of which 2 armored divisions were equipped with more than 2,000 tanks and more than 7,000 infantry tanks. The West Germany Air Force just started to equip the US F86 fighter, and later equipped F104 and F4 ghost fighters. West Germany's aviation industry also developed a wind attack aircraft to deal with the Soviet tank clusters and airports.

In the opinion of Americans, the West German army has the command of the German officers with rich combat experience, with independent military capabilities, and the direct support of the U.S. military. The first line of defense was against the Soviet attack in Central and EU.

Author: Sun Yi Correction/Editor: Lilith

Reference information: "Is Norman land landed? ——The Road to the West German Army Reconstruction of the Nazi Shadow "Yan Bin" National Humanities History "magazine December 2017

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