The two deputy prime ministers are from the same village and have a good personal relationship. They have made historic contributions at a critical moment

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The two deputy prime ministers are from the same village and have a good personal relationship. They have made historic contributions at a critical moment

2022-06-23 18:27:12 12 ℃

In January 1975, the Fourth National People's Congress elected the new leader of the State Council, and a total of 12 deputy prime ministers were elected.

Among them, Li Xian ran third and Chen Xilian ranked fourth.

Many people don't know that Li Xiannian and Chen Xilian have a good personal relationship.

Chen Xilian's wife Wang Xuanmei said that Li Xiannian and Chen Xilian were both Hongan in Hubei. Li Xiannian's mother's ex -husband surnamed Chen, and her husband married to the Li family after his death. Speaking of which, he had a little relationship with Chen Xilian.

In October 1976, at the critical moment when the fate of the party and the country was decided, Li Xiannian went to Xiangshan Botanical Garden to disperse on the grounds of a bad mood.

When the car was about to reach the botanical garden, he suddenly told the driver and the guard that he went to Xishan Ye Shuai's residence.

When he arrived at Ye Shuai's house, in order to prevent someone tingling, the two talked with pen and paper.

In the process of writing, Ye Shuai wrote the name "Chen Xilian" and showed Li Xiannian.

Chen Xilian was responsible for the work of the Central Military Commission at this time.

Li Xiannian laughed and wrote: "It's completely reliable, please rest assured."

Ye Shuai was relieved.


With the help of Li Xiannian and Chen Xilian and others, Ye Shuai turned the tide in the crisis, saved the party in a timely manner, saved the revolution, and made historic contributions together.

Li Xiannian was born in 1909. He was born in Changfeng Village, Gaqiao Town, Hong'an County, Hubei Province. He had learned carpenter in his early years. He often walked on the streets and was widely exposed to society.

In November 1927, 18 -year -old Li Xiannian participated in the jachs uprising.

After 1931, Li Xiannian served as the 33rd Regiment of the 33rd Regiment of the Red Army of the Chinese Workers and Peasants Red Army, the 11th Division Political Commissar, and the Red Thirty Military Political Commissar.

In June 1935, the Red Army and the Red Fourth Army were in the conference.

In a French architectural Catholic Church, Chairman Mao first saw Li Xiannian, the Red Thirty Military Political Commissar that greeted them.

The 26 -year -old Li Xian read the majesty, and the British Qi was forced.

Chairman Mao turned his head and said to President Zhu, "Fame is not viabound, really heroes!"

Li Xiannian later participated in the West Expedition of the West Army. After the failure of the Western Expedition, he led more than 1,000 people from the left detachment of the Western Army to experience hardships, involved in the desert, and passed the Gobi. Essence

It is worth saying that after the Anti -Japanese War began, Li Xiannian returned from Xinjiang to Yan'an, and was arranged to the 129th Division of the Eighth Route Army as the commander of the battalion.

Chairman Mao began to know. Later, he knew the matter and thought that the arrangement was not only available. He personally intervened. Therefore, Li Xiannian transferred to the Fourth Division of the New Fourth Army as Chiefs of Staff.

Since then, Li Xiannian has successively served as commander of the New Fourth Army Hubei Entrepreneurship, Fifth Division and Political Commissar, and Commander of the Central Plains Military Region.

In the later period of liberation, he assisted Liu and Deng for military and political leadership in the Central Plains region.

Li Xiannian in the war era can be described as a hundred battles and was born and died.

Li Ziyang's second daughter, Li Ziyang, said that his father had two things in his later years.

The first thing was that in June 1932, Chiang Kai -shek concentrated 300,000 troops to attack Hubei, Anhui, Anhui, and the Soviet Union. One day, Li Xiannian, who was already a political commissar, was fighting the enemy at Hekou, and his mother suddenly appeared on the battlefield. I heard that the son was going to transfer, and the mother of this little foot ran do dozens of miles, and she must look at the young son anyway.

Li Ziyang said: "My father is young and vigorous, and is worried about the safety of his grandmother. He said that the bullets are not long -eyed. How did you go to the battlefield? 'I hurried to say goodbye. I didn't see my mother. "

After the battle, Li Xiannian found that there were two silver dollars in his coat pocket, which was left by his mother secretly. Later, Li Xiannian always brought two silver dollars around him.

Li Ziyang murmured: "After 60 years, his father missed the grandmother most. He often thought about,‘ I dream at night and dream of my mother ... ”

The second thing is the combat experience of the Red Fourth Army and the Western Army. Li Ziyang said: "The Western Army is unforgettable for his father. He said before his death:" I finally asked the country to spend a sum of money for me and sprinkle my ashes into Dabie Mountain, Daba Mountain and Qilian. Mountain, no, I am sorry for those sacrificed comrades ... '"

Li Xiannian's fellow Chen Xilian was six years younger than Li Xian. He was born on January 4, 1915.

In 1929, Chen Xilian, who was only 14 years old, participated in the Red Army of the Chinese Workers and Peasants. In the Red Fourth Army, he successively served as a political instructor, a political director, a political commissioner, a deputy division, a division of the division, and the head of the division. Participated in the Hubei -Henan -Anhui and Soviet Districts' "encirclement" and the struggle to open up Sichuan, Shaanxi and the Soviet Union, and participated in the Long March.

Chen Xilian's combat was brave and repeatedly established warfare. He was accused of "small steel cannon" by the soldiers.

Li Xiannian's praise for this little fellow is: "The first number of battles."

Chen Xilian's most face -to -face was to fight Yangmingbao to fight at night, destroying 24 Japanese aircraft in one fell swoop, becoming a figure in the early days of the War of Resistance Against Japan.

At that time, he was only 22 years old.

During the war of liberation, Chen Xilian served as commander of the Jinji Luyu Military Region and the Jinji and Luyu Field Army (later the Central Plains Field Army). Career has established immortal merits. Deng Xiaoping has always appreciated Chen Xilian under the old subordinates. On November 20, 1989, he talked about the battle after the big Bie Mountain in the "Review of the History of Erye". From this we can see the weight of Chen Xilian in the army.

During the war, Chen Xilian also had the plot of "Mother's Warfare" similar to Li Xiannian.

It was the winter moon in 1947. Chen Xilian, who was the commander of the third column, led his department to Massachusetts in Hubei in Dabie Mountain to prepare for the Battle of Pinghan. The troops were not as far as Chen Xilian's hometown, but he couldn't take it back to look at it. The staff around him quietly took his mother to the army station, arranging their mother and son to meet the previous side.

Chen Xilian left home at the age of 14. At the age of 32, he has not seen his mother for 18 years.

The two of the mother met each other, looking at the tears of the tears.

That night, they talked late at night, endless intimate words, endless mother and child feelings.

The next day the troops were about to open. When Chen Xilian farewell to her mother, she quietly stuffed the two silver dollars into her mother's bag ...

In 1959, Chen Xilian served as commander of the Shenyang Military Region; in December 1973, the commander of the Eighth Military Region was confronted.

In January 1975, at the Fourth National People's Congress, Li Xiannian and Chen Xilian served as Deputy Prime Minister at the same time.

On February 2, 1976, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China issued Document No. 1 with only two contents: by the proposal of Chairman Mao, the Central Political Bureau approved unanimous, and Comrade Hua Guofeng was appointed as an acting prime minister of the State Council. The Central Military Commission work.

Chairman Mao said: "Chen Xilian participated in the revolution since he was a child. He would fight, brought the Corps, and brought artillery. He also had a position in the State Council. Let him take care of him."

Chen Xilian has not worked for a long time.

In January 1980, he solved the position of member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, Vice Premier of the State Council, and commander of the Beijing Military Region.

In 1982 and 1987, he was selected as the executive member of the Consultant Committee of the CPC Central Committee.

Li Xiannian was elected as the President of the President of the Sixth National People's Congress in June 1983, becoming the third president of New China.

In April 1988, at the first meeting of the 7th National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, Li Xiannian was elected as the chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.

Li Xiannian's death was on June 21, 1992 at the age of 83.

Chen Xilian's death was on June 10, 1999 at the age of 85.