Britain is deeply trapped in "Baby Depression"2021-11-25 00:09:35 52 ℃
One of the best-selling newspapers in London's "Standard Evening News" directly throws a "soul torture": Why does London do not have children?
Wen │ Wearing
Batshi Park in London, UK, mothers pushing a stroller walking in the blooming woods in the flowers
Recently, the major mainstream media in the UK have worked in one thing: "Baby Depression".
The latest report on the British National Bureau of Statistics shows that in 2020, the fertility rate of England and Wales (that is, the number of children of each female fertility) drops to 1.58, which is low in the 1930s and economic depression. Only the peak after World War II is 2.93. About half, Scotland is only 1.29.
The "Population Change Center" of the Wishe Tank said that it is necessary to maintain the growth rate of the existing population, and the fertility rate needs to reach 2.1, but 2020 is as low as 1.6, and will continue in the next three years, and may fall to 1.45 in 2023.
In the face of a future "less subcail, the British media generally believes that this is indicating a national population and economic crisis - they have even made new pop words:" Baby Shortage), "Baby Bust".
"The country of the old girl"
The title of the British old political magazine "Economist" is the title of this crisis report: "The country of the old girl: no childhood is climbed to the level before a century."
The article pointed out a new change: direct reasons for the reduction in fertility rate in the British fertility, part of the fertility willingness to two children and three children is not as good as before, but the more mainly reason is the obvious way to fertility.
Oxford University sociologist John Elmish pointed out that in traditionally, people believe that women who have not received higher education are more likely to choose a life path of marriage and born, but the current development trend is that women who have not unto college will also choose not to choose Marriage or infertility. If this trend continues, there will be no one in the future of 21% of the British women in the future.
Omish believes that the first fertility decline, behind the more and more women choose single or "Dink", this is the greatest social change.
In the British classic literature, there have been a lot of hateful "old girl" images, but after entering the 20th century, with the improvement of marriage and fertility, such a literary image is less and less. "Today, the 'Old Girls of the Literary World" may be the future of the United Kingdom. "" Economist "magazine said.
According to data from the British National Bureau of Statistics, only 11% of this generation over 80 years old have no children. The growing life rate and the increasingly extended per capita life mean that the "no childhood" of the population over the next 20 years will be three times the seniors. This is not a good news for the National Medical Nursing System of the British.
The British Zhicu "Social Market Foundation" further pointed out that the reduction in fertility will lead to a reduction in the labor population, the economy is falling, and the public finance will be difficult to continue, and eventually trigger economic disasters.
Why London does not have a child?
A depression in the British fertility rate is the city center of London. One of the best-selling newspapers in London's "Standard Evening News" directly throws a soul torture: Why does London do not have children?
According to the "Standard Evening News", it is found that one of the reasons why London people do not want to give birth, which is too high - many people feel that they "can't climb the furnished ladder". At the same time, London people generally feel that the insecurity of finance and work is getting higher and higher, and London's childcare cost is the second expensive in the world, and the born children are really unhappy. Worse, people meet the time of the right life partner, the more it is too late.
Worried about climate change is an important factor affecting young fertility. A recent survey shows that in 16-25, "Z Genete" young respondents, as high as 40% of the climate crisis hesitated.
British's own population of childbearing age is unhappy, leading to the proportion of newborns to foreign immigrants to rise.
According to "Independent" report, in 2020, in Newborn in England, 34.8% of their parents were born outside the UK. Among them, Pakistan is the biggest source of newborn parents in the UK, followed by Romania and Poland.
In other words, the future of the British ethnic groups will also have a profound change: British proportional to further increase in the proportion of South Asia and Eastern European.
Bay Tang Boli Tang pointed out that the fertility rate decreased to the deep crisis in the UK.
"The reason for the decline in fertility is frustrated: the life is hard, the sense of security is lacking, and the anxiety is deep. It is fully embodied. In this society, it is a heavy burden for women. At the same time, the society is speeding Old, the country is full of question marks, and the growing labor taxpayers must pay for the old generation of pension and nursing costs, no time to take care of the younger generation. "Tang Dynasty said.
She is exemplified that now I want to buy a house in England, and the annual income needs to reach 59,000 pounds (about 500,000 yuan). At the same time, the social fluidity is lowered, and the proportion of children with children to buy houses is 3 times that of the children of proletters. A considerable number of people can only wait for the government to assign honest rentals or rent a lifetime.
Immigration is a shortcut to increase the fertility rate, but the UK has greatly reduced the attraction of the UK, and the population has a net outflow trend since the epidemic. A young child, aging society, is also a society that has become a slope, and the social attitude is becoming more conservative.
"A head-weeks and light society, will produce mentality conservative and fearful voters - we are actually in such a situation, and will further deteriorate in the future." She warned.
Does the government do not show up?
The hanging is that although the wiskin, media and people are almost believed that the low fertility rate will have a serious negative impact on the future of the country and the economy, but the government should intervene, but it is a controversial thing.
The "Social Market Foundation" "Social Market Foundation" directly pointed out that "infant shortage" will bring long-term economic stagnation.
"From the long time, the population of the UK's labor age will have a shortage. At present, every 10 labor population supports the old people over 65 years old; 5 years later, this number will rise to 3.5, and it will be close to 2060. 4. At the same time, by 2050, there will be 1/4 of the British more than 65 years old. The proportion of labor population declines, and the increase in the proportion of adoption pensions will have a negative impact on economic productivity. "They are reporting Medium written.
They suggest that the British government decision makers should consider implementing "freedom of encouraging fertility policy", give more support for people with willing, such as issuing newborns subsidies, enhances maternity fake benefits, and children's care costs. At the same time, learn Scotland, establish a "leadership group of population issues", requiring government officials to review each of the impacts of fertility when developing every policy.
However, the "Social Market Foundation" report also frankly, the government intervention is a sensitive issue in the UK, because there is still a considerable number of people think that the low fertility rate will help to alleviate the resource depletion of climate change, too Respect for women's freedom is the performance of social progress.
The British "Willow Knife" magazine has been investigated, found that there are at least 23 countries around the world face severe low fertility problems. If you put, in 2100, the number of people over the age of 65 or more in the age of 65 will be more than 20 years old. 670 million.
More than 1/4 of countries around the world have implemented a positive encouragement policy. For example, Finland issued a baby birth allowance to all parents, Poland provides housing subsidies for parenting parents, and the Japanese government even helped young people with artificial intelligence technology.
"'Baby Depression" is not to resolve the answer to the climate crisis. Say, can a country survive, depending on whether there is enough people to do what to do - especially when they are young. "Boli Tang Compared to write.
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