Will the United States want to "pull the circle" ASEAN will be tied up on the "Costume Blog"?

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Will the United States want to "pull the circle" ASEAN will be tied up on the "Costume Blog"?

2022-05-14 12:23:15 5 ℃

The US-ASEAN Special Special Summit, which was postponed, was held in Washington, the capital of the United States from May 12th to 13th.

The US "Foreign Policy" magazine pointed out that the White House hopes to use this summit to establish a "deeper level" relationship with ASEAN to "prevent the area from tilting towards China."

A wave of three tortuous summits

This special summit coincides with the 45th anniversary of the establishment of a dialogue relationship with ASEAN, and it is also the second special summit between the two sides since 2016. It is also the first offline meeting between the leaders of the two sides since 2017.

However, the progress of the summit was not smooth. The summit originally scheduled to be held at the end of March was "delayed indefinitely" by the White House.

According to the Thai "Bangkok Post", ASEAN leaders have brought several date suggestions to the Biden team, but the United States has repeatedly modified the date and even "sudden attacks" in unilaterally announced the time. ASEAN leaders were annoyed.

Until April 18, after repeated twists and turns, the summit time was finally finalized. However, ASEAN officials were not satisfied with the arrangement of the summit, and believed that Biden did not respect and peacefulness in ASEAN leaders.

Gao Jinhua, Assistant Minister of Cambodian Prime Minister, said on the eve of the summit that the leaders of ASEAN countries should be respected and treated equally. If the U.S. government really wants to improve the relationship with ASEAN, then US President Biden should spend more time at the summit instead of continuous and not with the connection with and not connected with. The bilateral meetings of the leaders of ASEAN countries are unwilling to arrange.

Zhang Jiadong, a professor at the American Research Center of Fudan University, said that it can be seen from it that the Eastern Union in the United States is not the basic market for its strategy. Biden actively attracted ASEAN this time in order to repair the United States and ASEAN relations that were destroyed during the Trump administration.

Special commentator Liu Heping pointed out that because a considerable number of ASEAN countries do not have the same ideological and political system as the United States, they are not willing to be tied to the "chariot" in the United States. In the eyes of the United States, this "economic alliance" relationship is behind.

"Small circles" do not have ASEAN "heart"

It is worth noting that because of the US sanctions and domestic election factors, Myanmar and the Philippine leaders did not participate in the summit.

Judging from the statement issued by the White House and ASEAN rotating chairman, Cambodia, the key areas discussed by the parties of the summit include the response to epidemic, global hygiene and security, climate change, sustainable development, marine cooperation, human resources development, education and cultural exchanges. , Nine major issues such as interconnection and economic cooperation.

The "Diplomat" website said that the Washington Summit will be the opportunity to promote the strengthening of maritime cooperation with ASEAN countries, including maritime exercises, training and intelligence sharing, but the United States will face a certain degree of resistance.

According to the White House website, Biden has announced its investment in ASEAN $ 150 million, including $ 60 million in maritime plans, and the US Coast Guard will assign more personnel in the "Indo -Pacific Region" and set up a training team to "help meet partners to meet partners Requirements for maritime training and capacity building. "

Comments pointed out that the United States' so -called "Indo -Pacific Strategy" proposed by the United States, while claiming to maintain the regional "free opening" and respect the central status of ASEAN in regional affairs, it has built through "three -sided security partnership" and "four -sided mechanism" construction. Closed his geopolitical "small circle", provoke opposition and confrontation between regional countries, impacts ASEAN -centered regional cooperation structure, destroys internal unity within ASEAN, and poses a serious threat to regional cooperation and development.

It is reported that Malaysia and Indonesia have publicly warned the "three -sided security partnership" may trigger regional arms competitions.

"Choose the Bian Station Team"

Another purpose of this summit is to increase pressure on Russia on Russia and Ukraine.

Since the outbreak of the Russian -Ukraine conflict, the United States requires ASEAN countries to condemn and sanction Russia, but most countries in the region have not bought it. The ASEAN countries adhere to the independent diplomatic policy, actively call for the current crisis through negotiation dialogue, and expressed their own positions in the United States in the United States many times in the United States in the United Nations.

During the visit of Thailand's Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Dun in April this year, China and Thailand spoke together on the Ukrainian issue, unanimously supporting Russia and Ukraine to talk about peaceful development in Asia.

Analysis believes that from the perspective of most ASEAN members, Russia does not pose a threat to its own security, nor does it directly affect the regional order in Southeast Asia. In terms of political and security cooperation, ASEAN member states also attach great importance to the role of Russia, and ASEAN does not want Russia and Ukraine to exacerbate the differences between countries in the region.

It can be seen that the United States forced regional countries to join the regional confrontation and "bordering stations" in geopolitics, and run counter to the desire to maintain a good relationship with all parties, maintain the regional peace and stability, and achieve economic persistent development.

In fact, the United States is also known to the United States. Campbell, a coordinator of the White House National Security Society, said on the 11th that he expects that the two -day summit will be "direct and polite, but sometimes a bit uncomfortable" because the United States "Not all issues on all issues" with ASEAN countries are the same. Campbell's problem, in addition to the conflict between Russia and Ukraine, is also one of the relationship between mainland China and Taiwan.

Zhang Jiadong said that ASEAN is very clear that the conflict between Russia and Ukraine is very clear. Taiwan's issue involves China's internal affairs, and ASEAN and the mainland and Taiwan have close and complicated connections. Therefore, the pressure on the United States will not work on this issue, and ASEAN will never "choose to stand by." Can the "Indo -Pacific Economic Framework" be successful?

According to US media reports, at this summit, the Bayeng government is also expected to announce more details of the "Indo -Pacific Economic Framework" to provide ASEAN with more "bread and butter" to make up for the past Washington's "focus on security in Southeast Asia's exchanges in Southeast Asia exchanges. The shortcomings of ignoring the economy ".

The idea of ​​"Indo -Pacific Economic Framework" was proposed during the 16th East Asian Summit at the 16th East Asian Summit in October last year. The framework includes "fairness and elastic trade, supply chain toughness, infrastructure and decarbon, taxation and anti -corruption" These four pillars.

South Korea's "Asia Times" reported that the "Indo -Pacific Economic Framework" intends to fight against the "Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement" led by China. However, except for Singapore and the Philippines that may become the first batch of countries to start negotiations, many countries in ASEAN are worried that they will be alienated with China after joining the "Indo -Pacific Economic Framework", so he hesitate.

According to the website information of the Ministry of Commerce of China, ASEAN 2020 and 2021 are China's largest trading partners. In 2021, the total trade volume of bilateral goods reached 5.67 trillion yuan. All 10 member states ASEAN signed the "Belt and Road" related documents with China. ASEAN countries accounted for 14.5%of China's total foreign trade, more than one in more than 7; half of the trade volume of China and the countries along the “Belt and Road”.

Liu Heping pointed out that because China has established a close economic connection with ASEAN countries, and regards the ASEAN countries as a priority target of the "Belt and Road" initiative, which means that in the "battlefield" of ASEAN, China and the United States, China and the United States, China and the United States There will be a positive game and contest in the economy.

The perspective of Yang Xiyu, a researcher at the China Institute of International Issues, seems to be embedded in the profound political strategic purpose. It is not a pure economic framework, but a geopolitical strategic framework with traps. This is why most ASEAN is now ASEAN The country maintains the cause of "unclear opposition but very cautious".

On May 12, a spokesman for the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Zhao Lijian, stated to the United States-ASEAN Leaders' Summit that the United States as a foreign country should play a positive and constructive role for regional peaceful development, rather than harming the peace and stability of the region and destroying unity and cooperation in the region. The United States cannot engage in the guise of cooperation to engage in the "side -by -side standing team" to play fire on issues involving China's core interests.