"Come to China, Biden dare not be to be ASEAN condemned Russia"2022-05-15 06:06:12 9 ℃
[Text/Observer Network Qi Qian] At the United States-ASEAN Special Summit held from May 12th to 13th, the US President Biden, the leader of the host country, unilaterally and the ASEAN "big show intimate". First, he promised to invest in ASEAN $ 150 million, upgrading the relationship between the two parties to "comprehensive strategic partnership".
However, global media noticed that the United States seemed to avoid a key issue at the two -day summit.
Among them, foreign media such as Bloomberg and the Asian Review of the Nikkei stated on the 14th that the joint statements issued by ASEAN and the United States after the meeting neither condemned Russia nor "war" and "invasion".
Foreign media and experts analyzed that there are two reasons: First of all, a number of ASEAN member states have close relations with Russia and have been avoided "standing teams" in the Russian conflict; while the United States intends to make concessions because ASEAN is the United States Important partners in the Asia -Pacific confrontation against China are inconvenient to cause the relationship between the two parties on the Russian issue.
But Reuters admits that in terms of the scale of investing in ASEAN, the United States is dwarfed compared with China. The American Think Tank Washington Strategy and International Research Center also said that the summit is largely symbolic, and the US "$ 150 million will not impress anyone."
Biden took a photo with ASEAN leaders in the White House, from IC Photo
Biden is "close" with ASEAN, but did not condemn Russia
From May 12th to 13th, the US-ASEAN Special Summit was held in Washington, the capital of the United States. Except for the Philippines and Myanmar leaders, the leaders of the ASEAN countries gathered for the first time. The summit coincides with the 45th anniversary of the establishment of a relationship with the United States and ASEAN, and it is also the first time that the United States has served as the host country of the summit since 2016.
On the 12th, U.S. President Biden announced an investment of US $ 150 million in ASEAN, including $ 60 million maritime plan. Requirements for maritime training and capacity building. "
The United States will also invest 40 million US dollars to build clean energy infrastructure to help ASEAN countries achieve decarbon, strengthen the construction of power systems, and accelerate the deployment of clean energy technology. In addition, it will invest $ 15 million to help Southeast Asia respond to the new crown epidemic. Extra funds will help ASEAN countries to formulate digital economy and artificial intelligence laws.
On the 13th, ASEAN and the United States issued a joint statement including 28 measures, including strengthening contact and interoperability in the economic field, strengthening the cooperation between the United States and ASEAN in the marine field, maintaining regional peace, security, and stability, ensuring the safety of maritime, as well Essence
Regarding the Ukrainian issue, the relevant content mentioned: "Like all countries, we continue to reiterate respect for sovereignty, political independence and territorial integrity. Once again, call for the" UN Charter "and international law. The importance. "
The two parties also promised that at the tenth ASEAN-American summit held in November this year, the strategic partnership between ASEAN and the United States was upgraded to "a comprehensive strategic partnership with meaning, substantialness and mutual benefit."
Why don't the United States and ASEAN not take this opportunity to upgrade the partnership between the two parties? According to Thai PBS World, an English news website under Thailand's public television station, a person familiar with the matter revealed that ASEAN has "postponed" the status of comprehensive strategic partnerships in the United States.
According to this person familiar with the matter, the United States has not yet officially made an application, and all ASEAN member states have not discussed and evaluated this. The ASEAN countries held an informal foreign minister meeting on the evening of the 11th that the United States should wait for all procedures before doing it.
At the two -day summit, the United States was trying to draw ASEAN. On the 13th, Biden highly praised the "new era" of the relationship between the two parties in the summit; the United States Vice President Harris also declared on the same day that the United States, as a "Indo -Pacific country", will participate in Southeast Asian affairs in the future. Essence
However, global media noticed that at the two -day summit, Biden did not condemn Russia in front of ASEAN.
Reuters said that the two sides did not condemn Russia in this "symbolic" statement; the "Nikkei Asian Review" stated that although the statement was further further than the previous statement of ASEAN, there was no sharp words; The words "Russia", "War" and "Invasion".
Foreign media noticed that there was no mention of Russia in the joint statement
"If the relationship with ASEAN has deteriorated due to Russia, it will be lost."
Since Russia announced its "special military operation" on February 24, ASEAN has refused to "follow the trend" Western countries. As the US media NPR said that for ASEAN, "publicly criticizing Russia" is a subtle issue.
ASEAN acts in accordance with the rules of consensus, and the member states have different views on Ukraine. For a long time, some ASEAN member states have close relations with Russia. Among them, Vietnam, Laos and Myanmar countries have maintained close economic and military connections with Russia; at the same time, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand seek neutrality. Singapore is the only member of ASEAN that has publicly condemned and sanctioned Russia.
It is worth mentioning that in the face of the pressure of Western countries, the rotating chairman of the G20 summit this year's rotating chairman, Indonesia, adhered to a neutral position: no name condemn Russia, and invited G20 leaders including Russia to participate in the G20 held in November this year. Summit. Southeast Asian affairs expert Brian Harding, an American think tank, said in an interview with the US media: "Fundamental speaking, for most ASEAN countries, invasion is considered far away and is not worth adopting positions." The United States knew this before the meeting. The White House spokesman Puski said on the 12th that she could not predict whether the two sides would mention Russia in a joint statement.
More importantly, for the United States, condemnation of Russia is not the key issue of the summit.
The US "Foreign Policy" magazine pointed out on the 13th that the White House hopes to use the summit to establish a "deeper level" relationship with ASEAN to "prevent the area from tilting towards China." However, compared with China's deep relationship and influence, the United States' commitment is particularly pale and cannot stop most Asian countries "deeper economic integration" with China.
Reuters report screenshot
Reuters also said on the 14th that the above signs show that the Bayeng government is still focusing on the long -term challenges of the "Indo -Pacific Region" and China. Although Russia has "invaded" Ukraine, the United States still believes that China is its main competitor.
Stacie Goddard, a professor of politics at the American School of Polishment, said that this means that the U.S. government understands that in the United States and China competition, ASEAN countries are their most important partners. The Russian statement worsen the relationship between the two sides ", which is obviously worthless.
Reuters: Compare with China, the United States is dwarfed
Although the United States is trying to draw ASEAN countries, what will happen? Reuters bluntly stated that in terms of the scale of investing in ASEAN, the United States is dwarfed compared to China. "Foreign Policy" also pointed out that it "has no effect" for changing the basic economic balance between the United States and China.
According to the website information of the Ministry of Commerce of China, ASEAN 2020 and 2021 are China's largest trading partners. In 2021, the total trade volume of bilateral goods reached 5.67 trillion yuan. All 10 member states ASEAN signed the "Belt and Road" related documents with China. ASEAN countries accounted for 14.5%of China's total foreign trade, more than one in more than 7; half of the trade volume of China and the countries along the “Belt and Road”. In November last year, China promised to provide US $ 1.5 billion in development assistance to the ASEAN countries in the next three years to use the ASEAN countries to fight the epidemic and restore the economy.
Gregory Poling, a Southeast Asian expert at the US think tank Washington Strategy and International Research Center, said that in view of the India-Pacific Economic Framework (IPEF) pushed by the United States, the summit was largely symbolic. He said, "Everyone seems to be very happy. (The United States) promised diplomatic information is landing, but ... politely, $ 150 million will not impress anyone."
In addition, for the United States to win, ASEAN countries have repeatedly stated that they are unwilling to choose a team.
During the summit, Gao Jinhua, a consultant of Cambodia Prime Minister Hun Sen, made it clear that Cambodia "will not choose a border station between the United States and China." The chairman of the Indonesian Industry and Commerce Council said that they "want to cooperate with everyone and don't let us choose." Vietnamese Government Prime Minister Fan Mingzheng pointed out on the 12th that between independence and dependence, Vietnam has always chosen independence in the spirit of President Ho Chi Minh's "nothing more valuable than independence and freedom".
Li Peimin, a political scholar at the University of International Islamic University in Malaysia, said in an interview with Xinhua News Agency that the Bayeng government wanted ASEAN countries to stand on the side of the United States. The move will hinder the peace process in China and ASEAN countries and destroy the consensus and cohesion of ASEAN member states.
Li Peimin emphasized that it is not easy to reach consensus on key issues, but it is important because it will ensure that member states can speak with a unified voice on international occasions. Therefore, "ASEAN member states can send signals to the United States, that is, ASEAN will remain neutral under any circumstances."
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