Always want to shape the surrounding environment in China!The United States attempts to frustrate to Nepal's "military penetration"2022-06-23 18:17:03 2 ℃
[Global Times reporter Chen Jianyang, reporter Chen Jianyang, report reporter Hu Yuwei] Editor's words: Domestic public opinion in Nepal is boiling because of the United States. If in February of this year, the Nicheanian parliament approved the Nicome "Millennium Challenge Plan" (MCC) agreement under the United States, which triggered a strong protest and huge controversy. It was almost an opposition that caused. Some experts analyzed that the agreement was the "Asian Military Cooperation Agreement", which not only violated Nepal's non -alliance foreign policies, but also conducive to the United States curbing China, but also affecting the stability of South Asia. After hearing the voice of the people and politics against SPP, on the evening of June 20, local time, the Cabinet of Nepal held a meeting and decided not to promote the SPP in the country.
Ni is unwilling to become a US geopolitical battlefield
According to Nepal's "Kathmandu Post" reported on Tuesday, the country's federal affairs and General Affairs Minister Shiresta said that the meeting on the evening of June 20th in Nepal decided to inform the United States that Nepal will not promote the SPP. The department is carried out. "The key is that the direct communication of the army (and the United States) is not good for the country, and all communication should be performed through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs." Shiresta said.
According to the draft SPP agreement leaked to Nepal's online, Utah will establish a partnership with Nepal. Under the legal framework of Nepal, the Utah National Guard can be settled and activated in Nepal's agreed areas, construction, transformation or use of some facilities; Military training provides light and non -lethal equipment and network security training for the Nie army. The United States will donate $ 500 million to Nepal for the implementation of the plan through Nepal. The initial period of the agreement is 5 years. Unless one party proposes to terminate, the agreement will be permanent and effective.
Because SPP is considered part of the US military strategy and violated Nepal's non -alliance foreign policy, the relevant news was immediately frying Nepalese after it was revealed. In this context, the US Embassy in the United States stated that the above draft was fake, but Nepal had applied to join the SPP twice in 2015 and 2017, and the United States accepted the application of the Nie party in 2019. According to Indian media reports, when visiting Nepal a few days ago, the United States Pacific Army Commander Flynn said that during the Nepalese army chief of staff Shilma, the two sides should reach an agreement to promote SPP development. Shilma will visit the United States from June 27th to July 1st to plan to meet with senior officials of the Pentagon.
The Nepalese military also said that the draft agreement is fake. But one day after they stated, a letter was exposed to the Internet again. The letter written on October 27, 2015 was written by the then Chief of Staff of the Nepalese army to the then US Ambassador to the United States. In this letter, the Nigerian military stated that after the government's authorization, Kathmandan hoped to join the American SPP. The Nepalese military recently confirmed the authenticity of the letter, but claimed that he had not signed a relevant agreement or a memorandum of understanding with the United States.
The exposure of the above letters has once again triggered a strong response from the Nepalese people. The executive deputy editor -in -chief of the Nepalese Daily "Rise Nepal", Subyi, told the Global Times reporter on Monday: "Different from the previous argument with the MCC agreement, this time Nepal's public opinion almost fell to the ground and believed that SPP should not be promoted in China." Nepalese police officer. Former Senior Bureau of the Bureau Romci told the Global Times reporter that the public was very worried that if the Nepal government and the United States signed the SPP agreement, it might lead to a long -term conflict between Nepal. In addition, similar plans between Menini are not transparent, which will only make a small number of people profit from it and breed corruption. It will also cause the public's distrust of the government and have a profound negative impact.
After the SPP -related documents and letters were exposed, the International Relations Committee of the House of Representatives of the Federal Parliament of Nepal started to deal with this issue and summoned the foreign minister Cadiga and the army chief of staff Charma on the 17th of this month. Kadga said that the Nigerian government will not promote SPP, which will harm national interests. Shilma said that Nepal did not join any military alliance and would never join in the future.
The International Relations Committee of the House of Representatives of the Federation of the Federal Council put forward 4 requirements at the 17th meeting, including requiring the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the military to provide all letters and agreements related to SPP within 7 days. The Ministry in writing notified the US government Nepal not involved in the SPP, and requested that Prime Minister Nepal shall not sign any agreement that conflict or cause controversy with Nepal's non -alliance or controversy during his visit to the United States.
The chairman of the committee Harrell also said that the committee wanted to hear the Prime Minister's view of SPP. It is reported that Flynn also told Nepal's Prime Minister De Popa when he visited Nepal a few days ago that he hoped that when he visited the United States in July, he officially signed the SPP -related agreement. In addition to the pressure from the International Relations Committee of the House of Representatives, the governing alliance, and the main opponent's pressure, the party members of the Nepalese party where the Nepalese Prime Minister is located also urged him to know the United States as soon as possible, and hopes that he will not sign any military agreement with the United States.
A "exchange plan" full of military colors
The so -called SPP is a exchange plan between the National Guards of the United States and a partner country. It is reported that SPP started in the 1990s. According to information from the U.S. State Department's website, the goal of SPP is to "assist the former Warsaw Treaty to organize the democratic actions of the former Warsaw Treaty to organize the democratic actions of the former Warsaw Treaty" and "reform" their national defense forces. According to the plan, the National Guard in a state in the United States establishes a connection between the National Guard and the partner country, and establish a "mutual benefit" cooperative relationship through military training. At present, 90 countries and regions around the world and the United States cooperate under the SPP framework. It is worth noting that through this plan, California and Ukraine began cooperation in 1993. The United States declared that the plan made outstanding contributions to Ukraine's continued modernization of defense. The U.S. Department of Defense wrote on its official website: "In the past 29 years, the California National Guard has taught the Ukrainian army (personnel) to train with them, share success (experience) and failure (lesson)", and these are in After the outbreak of the Russian -Ukraine military conflict this year, it played a role. The United States mentioned SPP in its Indo -Pacific strategic document and also hopes to promote the addition of SPP in Taiwan.
Zhang Yonggan, director of the Tibet Research Office of the Chinese Institute of Chinese Frontier Research of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, believes that the SPP agreement can be regarded as a "Asian military cooperation agreement". On the surface, the United States hopes to enhance the military disaster relief capabilities of cooperative countries through cooperation, but in fact, this is just the guise of American military forces infiltrating other countries.
"On the one hand, not all countries (and regions) joining the SPP are US military allies; on the other hand, although the plan claims to be committed to disaster relief and other contents and intentionally dilutes the US military intention, from the perspective of its management and executive departments, , SPP's military color is very strong. Since its establishment, the SPP has been managed by the US National Guard. The director's rank is the general, and also a member of the joint meeting of the U.S. Chiefs of Staff. With the purpose of achieving US policy goals, it is an important tool for foreign security cooperation in the United States. "Qian Feng, director of the Research Department of the National Strategy Research Institute of Tsinghua University, told the Global Times reporter.
Qian Feng said that from the perspective of the implementation subject, the U.S. National Guard integrates the characteristics of reserve forces, local armed forces and militia in many countries. It is an important part of the US reserve forces. The level of training is far exceeding the active army of many countries. In the U.S. military, the National Guard is the secondary army after the army and the second largest army. It is also the army with the most F-16 fighters in the world. It is even equipped with the most advanced F-35 fighter. His officers are full-time soldiers. When going overseas to perform tasks, soldiers also turned full -time.
"In addition to competing against China, SPP is also a tool for the United States to take the opportunity to promote American values and influence. Just like the" Peace Team "promoted by former US President Kennedy, through the exchange with other countries (or regional) military exchanges, Influence, Qian Feng said.
The United States always wants to shape the surrounding environment in China
Expert analysis said that in recent years, the United States has increased intervention and penetration of Nepal's politics, and the exposure of SPP -related documents has once again made Washington's ambition to strengthen the ambitions of the Nie military layout. Once Menini signed the SPP agreement, the United States is likely to use the agreement to further penetrate the military forces into the border area where China is bordering, making the security situation facing southwestern China more complicated, challenging the peace and stability of Tibet.
The United States has always tried to "shape" the strategic environment around China and do everything possible to enclose China. "In recent years, there have been more and more actions against China in Mingli. For example, the United States recently sent troops to participate in the" Khan exploration -2022 'joint military exercise in Mongolia, which has also been strategically surrounded by China. In recent years With the implementation of the so -called "Indo -Pacific Strategy", the United States wants to further expand the encirclement of China to the western and northern regions of China. "Zhang Yonggan, director of the Tibetan Research Office of the Chinese Frontier Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.
Qian Feng, director of the Research Department of the National Institute of Strategy of Tsinghua University, believes that in the eyes of the United States, Nepal is adjacent to Tibet, China, and its geographical location is special and important. Since the Trump administration, the United States has been trying to incorporate Nepal into its "Indo -Pacific Strategy" to achieve Multi -Political security purpose to China. In recent years, the country's domestic affairs bureau has been turbulent, and various parties have been divided into division and reorganization. The United States has long cultivated pro -American forces in Nepal for a long time.
In this context, in November last year, the US State Department was responsible for South Asian and Central Asian affairs assistant Secretary of State and Deputy Assistant Secretary of State, two officials who visited Nepal. In May this year, Zeya, Deputy Secretary of State of the United States and "Special Coordinator of Tibetan Affairs", conducted a three -day visit to Nepal. It is reported that this is the United States' visit to Nepal's highest -level officials since 2012. In February of this year, the United States "donated" 500 million US dollars as a bait, and also set up a "deadline" to coerce the Nepalese parliament to pass the MCC agreement to trigger widespread protests. Qian Feng said that if the MCC agreement increases the US control and influence on Nepal, the draft SPP agreement flowing on the Internet can strengthen the connection between Washington and Kathmandu from the military level.
However, Nepal will not easily become a pawn of the "Indo -Pacific Strategy" in the United States, nor will it become the forefront of the United States to curb China's development. The United States is destined to be futile for China's geopolitics.Qian Feng said that Nepal is a sovereign country. Considering that China never opposes and interfere with Nepal's independent development and establish cooperation with other countries, and respect Nepal's political choices, we believe that Nye will be easily "pulled down" by the United States.It will not allow SPP to destroy the traditional friendship between China, "I believe that the Nigerian party will abide by the political commitments made by China."Zhang Yongpan believes that considering Nepal's national election at the end of this year, Nepal's politics may be shuffled again, so the American cooperation project pushed by the United States will be in great uncertainty.Like the MCC protocol, the U.S. -pushed SPP protocol has unstable foundation. Even if it is signed, it may be difficult to escape the "liquidation" of the new government in the future.
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