The Kurland pocket is not a armed war!Six-time attack was defeated by 160,000 casualties

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The Kurland pocket is not a armed war!Six-time attack was defeated by 160,000 casualties

2021-11-25 00:17:24 18 ℃

At noon from April 25, 1945, the Soviet army completed the surrounding Berlin and began to prepare for the decisive attack on the capital of Nazi Germany. The Soviet Union has been liberated from Poland, Romania, Bulgarian Hungary, and Yugoslavia, the eastern part of Austria and northern Norway. Surprisingly, during this time, the Soviet partieship parties are still under the control of Nazi Germany.

On October 10, 1944, the Soviet 51th Group Army arrived at Memel Town, Baltic Sea (Clay Peda), about 400,000 North Group Military Soldiers found themselves in the western Kurland Peninsula in Latvia. This is the origin of the Kurland pocket that has always been defeated by Nazi Germany.

Hitler's military adviser Heinz Goodrian, the general staff of the German General Party, to Adolf Hitler, requested the Northern Group Army from the Baltic Sea area and re-deployed it in Central Europe. However, Hitler refuses this request and requires local German to protect Kurland and Estonia's islands: Hisa Island and Saarema. Hitler believes that it will protect Germany's submarine base in the Baltic Sea, and Hitler is still believed in Germany to win: he believes that the Navy's Marshal Tunz's XXI submarine can bring the Atlantic War for Germany, which makes the allied countries to withdraw Western Europe battlefield, so Germany can concentrate on the East Line battlefield, then Kurland can become the initiative of the German new offensive.

Hitler refused to withdraw from Kurland, which made the 16th Army and the 18th Group Army, up to 200,000 troops were surrounded in Kurland.

However, the dilemma surrounded by the German army in the Baltic region is not catastrophic. They still control the main ports of Liepāja and VentsPils, the Soviet Baltic Sea Fleet can't stop the Nazi Germany Navy to effectively provide food, weapons and reserves to this Isolated Group.

The anti-tank troops commander Gottlob Budman recalls: "According to the commander of the North Group Military Command, the word Kurland Pocket is prohibited." Even rumors say, even if I know, they did not get Confirmed that if a soldier was listened to talking about our "pocket", he may be sentenced to death. After being annihilated in Stalingrad, this word implies an ominous meaning, which is an imminent, inevitable disaster ... The official name of this trapped army is Kurland Bridgehead.

The Soviet army tried to defeat the Northern Group's military group to defeat directly in October. Peter Küpersepp, the Soviet Estonian Estonia's Estonia, Peter Küpersepp, lamented, where the situation is impossible, because the entire Kurland area is a continuous swamp, "in order to pass our weapons, us Special tracks must be laid on the swamp. Without them, our hardware is impossible. When the mortar is stuck, we must take a 122 mm mortar shell, then put the mortar on the wooden block so that Return again.

After the attack of the Soviet Union, the German began to rapidly rooted in the western Latvia. On the relatively small front line 220 km, they have established deep defense with iron wire, mine and anti-tank tunnel. Estonia's eight-step military agency gun row commander Mikhail Saltkov recalls that the entire Kurland pocket is excavated, filled with a row of trenches. We will cross a trench, but it will encounter another trench soon, and there seems to have no end.

Hitler has no intention to cut Culland to Stalin. Instead, its purpose is to become a nail in the eyes of the Soviet headquarters, constantly transferring the efforts of the Red Army. Their plan is that when appropriate, there is a strong strike from the side wings of the Soviet army advised to the West.

The Soviet army did not stay in Latvia. It has been adjusted to maintain a "pocket". It continues to extend the offense to the heart of Germany. The Soviet soldier joked the famous military group that was blocked (November 25, 1945) was "Armed Police Camp".

Soviet Army launched six attacks on the Germans and Latvian army in Kurland from October 15, 1945 to January 4, 1944. Most of these offensive are frustrated, even if there is a victory, it is also surrounded. The Soviet Union said that six offensive causing 160,000 Soviet injuries. Latvia Aspect: 394,000 people die, injured, captured. Loss 2,651 tanks, 900 guns, 1,440 machine guns.

With the capital and central regions of the Soviet Union, and the Soviet Navy strengthened its activities in the Baltic Sea, "Kurland Pocket" began to encounter serious supply problems. With the communication lines with "mainland" become weaker, all of this group of people will be scattered into the third empire into an impossible task.

"The lack of replenishment at the time. Our artillery troops were only allowed to use a limited number of shells per day. The machine gun only allows short-range shooting. Only in the attack attack, the whole machine gun belt can be completely used. Sometimes we are in the last few The latest weapon to the army is produced and supplied to the army has proven to be used without more supply, "Peterman recalls.

When the Germans finally announced a formal surrender to the League on May 8, they were still in the "power outage" state, so they did not get the superior command. Until the May 10th May 10, the Kurland Group Army announced that it was surrendered, which is also one of several German troops in Europe. The Cape Group Army surrendered under the leadership of General Carl Hilpet. At this time, the Kurland Group Army still has 27 teachers and 1 brigade. The Germans are the first person to let us know the end of the war. The turmoil and cheers in the German talent. As a result, they learned that the war is over. We know from fireworks and air shoots, everything is over. Until then, we received orders from radio to abort the action.

A total of 42 generals and 189,000 officers and men were captured by the Soviet Union. Before the Red Army occupied Liepāja and Ventspils, thousands of people managed to escape from Germany or using any means they could escape to Sweden.

Some people have not put down the weapon. On May 22, a sixth party Guarantee, which was composed of approximately 300 people went to Dongpus, and met with the Soviet troops and was completely annihilated. It is alleged that the troop commander Obergruppenführer Walter Krüger shot suicide in the battle.

Many of the Latvian collaborators who have found themselves in the Kurland pockets, especially those from the 19th Party Sanjun's arms, hiding into the woods, and launched a guerrilla war against the Soviet authorities. . Some so-called "forest brothers" have been operating in the Baltic region until the early 1950s. (Power Talk World / Power)