Inventions and use and development processes of steam bulges of the aircraft carrier

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Inventions and use and development processes of steam bulges of the aircraft carrier

2021-11-25 00:13:14 17 ℃

The steam bullet (English: Steam Catapult) is the only aircraft dicker used in the modern aircraft carrier after the Second World War, mainly due to the emergence of injection aircraft, the weight of the carrier is greatly improved, and the self-takeoff and the original ejector equipment have been Not enough to cope with its demand, in 1951, COLIN C. Mitchell (Colin C. Mitchell) proposed the vapor of the aircraft carrier turbine to the ejector, thereby invented the vapor dicker for the aircraft carrier.

The interior of the steam bulk

At present, only the US and the UK have manufacturing technologies, and in the sail ship, the former is a C-13 type, the latter is the BS5 type, the C-13 type except for the US Navy, the French Navy also uses this type.

Steam ejection has two bubbles, one is a front wheel ejection, and the other is a draber ejection. The latter is only Brazil.

In the early 1950s, the UK's Navy first used steam ideas. Tests show that it is possible to obtain a more powerful ejector, in addition to the large jet the aircraft begins, the steam elastic system is equipped with the aircraft carrier.

Steam bulletiator being tested on an enterprise number aircraft carrier

In the 2010, aircraft carrier equipped with an electromagnetic ejection is expected to be put into production, and the Ford-based nuclear driving aircraft carrier will use the electromagnetic aircraft elastic system. However, the US Navy also proposes a steam bulk improvement plan to enhance the capacity of the steam bulk because the steam bullet is technically mature, while the electromagnetic elastic system is still in the experiment, and the increased steam elastic system is expected to be available for 2050.

Steam bulk sealing groove

The steam bullet is converted to the thrust of the aircraft. The aircraft is emitted by the aircraft at the slider on the railway, and according to the carrier bombing method, it can be divided into two kinds of bouncing mode, one is "front wheel The other is "dragging ejection".

French Dai Gaul Moura Machine Machine Massed Steam Badger

The tube of the ejector is laid under the flight deck and connects a slide on the trench of the deck. In the case of "front wheel traction", the aircraft will hook the echo lever in the slider, and after the laser is inflated The deck will stand up to block hot vapor, protect the "jet baffle" (divided into heat-resistant bricks and water cooling types, currently using the new aircraft carrier, can cover without ejection operations Become a part of the deck), the aircraft takes off through the powerful thrust of the vapor, and excess steam is discharged from the end of the pipeline. If the weather is bad, the deck is not good, the deck can be deck " Integrated control system "operation, which is a semi-circular transparent operation chamber on the deck, which can operate the ejecting system, and can be closed as part of the deck when not in use.

Guide fixed wing aircraft to the eject point

Dragming ejection: The initial use method requires a number of people to stand on the deck, is mounted on the slider with a steel cable, and move the plane along the orbital of the plane along the deck. Accelerate, then take off, the active aircraft carrier has not used this way (currently only Brazil "Sao Paulo" aircraft carrier is a bouquet mode).

Guide F / A-18C Hornet Fight Attack Machine to Terminal

Front wheel traction ejection: The method used in the later use, a large amount of manpower under the drag type, the ejectment time is shorter than the draber, the safety is high, the operation is simple, is the ejector rod on the front wheel of the aircraft is mounted on the deck. In the slider of the on-emitter, the dramatically acceleration is achieved via the ejection, and most of the active aircraft carrier uses this ejection method.

Calvin Sen Air Mother Car Marker Control Room

The vapor duct is expensive, design, manufacturing, and installation techniques are complex, maintenance and maintenance is very expensive and cost, and it is necessary to take up a lot of space and consume a lot of fresh water. The United States has considering the steam condensation recovery unit, which is due to large volume And the low efficiency is canceled. Therefore, the US Navy is currently trying to adopt a new "electromagnetic ejectionizer", which is similar to the magnetic float car, which can effectively reduce maintenance and emission costs and enhance the degree of automation of the aircraft carrier.

Steam bulleti hydraulic system on Stanis air carrier